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Preterite vs. Imperfect Page 68 Avancemos 3. Uses of the Imperfect  You have learned to use the imperfect tense to describe something that used to take.

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Presentation on theme: "Preterite vs. Imperfect Page 68 Avancemos 3. Uses of the Imperfect  You have learned to use the imperfect tense to describe something that used to take."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preterite vs. Imperfect Page 68 Avancemos 3

2 Uses of the Imperfect  You have learned to use the imperfect tense to describe something that used to take place regularly.  You also use the imperfect…  To describe people, places, and situations in the past:  Hacía mucho calor. El estadio estaba lleno. Los espectadores gritaban.

3 Uses of the Imperfect  Use the imperfect to talk about a past action that was continuous or that kept happening. (habitual action)  Los atletas se entrenaban en el gimnasio.

4 Uses of the Imperfect  Also use the imperfect to describe the date, time, age, and weather in the past:  Era el 5 de noviembre.  Eran las seis de la mañana pero ya hacía calor.

5 Preterite vs. Imperfect  When speaking about the past, you can use either the preterite or the imperfect, depending on the sentence and the meaning you wish to convey. Compare…  Este fin de semana tomé una clase de cerámica.  Cuando era niño, tomaba clases de escultura.

6 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Use the preterite to tell about past actions that happened and are complete.  El sábado, la clase empezó a las 10 de la mañana.

7 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Use the imperfect to tell about habitual actions in the past.  Cuando era niño, las clases empezaban a las 5 de la tarde.

8 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Use the preterite to give a sequence of actions in the past.  Cuando llegamos, la profesora sacó su pintura y sus pinceles y empezó a pintar.

9 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Use the imperfect to give background details such as time, location, weather, mood, age, and physical and mental descriptions.  Eran las dos de la tarde. Estábamos en el parque. Era un día de otoño. Todos estábamos muy contentos.

10 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Use the preterite and the imperfect together when an action (preterite) interrupts another that is taking place in the past (imperfect).  Estábamos en el taller cuando entró el profesor.

11 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Use the imperfect when two or more actions are taking place simultaneously in the past.  Mientras los niños pintaban, el profesor observaba las pinturas.


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