Presentation on theme: "I will tell you about the different between traditional house and modern house. We can found many traditional houses in Sumatra / Kalimantan. Just for."— Presentation transcript:
I will tell you about the different between traditional house and modern house. We can found many traditional houses in Sumatra / Kalimantan. Just for information in 1999 discovery of Nairobi Java House. Nairobi Java House is a chain of coffee houses and exporters in Nairobi, Kenya. The location is on Ngong Road, Nairobi Java. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nairobi_Ja va_House
Traditional house: Made from wood, rock, no electricity, small, simple, have a little bit room Modern house: Made from metal, glass, rock, has electricity, big, excessive, has many rooms
http://www.google.co.id/images?hl=id &gbv=2&tbs=isch:1&q=rumah+tradision al+betawi&revid=836170688&sa=X&ei=j sdPTYDGHIWyvwPP2ojtDw&ved=0CDM Q1QIoBA&biw=1024&bih=574 These traditional houses make me so proud to be Indonesian
The Long House of Dayak located in Kalimantan Island The House of Minangkabau ( Gadang House) located in West Sumatra Island The House of the Toraja located in Sulawesi Island
The Dayak, some of the original inhabitants of Borneo, build long houses on stilts, using ironwood for the structure and tree bark for the walls; the floor are simple planks of wood placed side by side. The length of these houses was for the last century of 110 meters (over 360 feet) and today they generally range from 10 to 70 meters (33 to 230 feet). On Borneo the long house forms a center for both social life and for rituals. Here people meet to talk after work, and its here the central ceremonies and rituals of the group are performed. In each long house is a central stilt or main post which is the first to be placed in position when the house is built. This post is associated with the ancestor who founded the house has a sacred significance; it stands in the center of the house and its looked on as the link between the underworld and the upper world. The long houses were often decorated with representations of water snakes and rhinoceros birds. They were connected with the group's central creation myth, for water snake is associated with the underworld and the rhinoceros bird with the upper world of the good spirits.
Long House - before 1920, Tumbang Malahui, Central Borneo.
The Minangkabau are the Malaysian people who lives in the Padang highlands of Sumatra (west of Sumatra). Typical of the houses of the Minangkabau are the distinctive roofs, which look like buffalo horns. The word "Minangkabau" can actually be interpreted as a compound of the words menang (win) and kerbau (buffalo). This derives from a local legends that people relates that a buffalo fight was arranged by the locals and the people of the influential kingdom of Majapahit (eastern Java). The loacls'buffalo was the winner and since that time they have called themselves the "buffalo winners", Minangkabau, as a proud testament to their strength and courage. The houses are called rumah gadang (large house) and are not inhabited by differents families, but by three or four generations who come from one ancestor and thus a rumah gadang is also a family unit, and each of the Minangkabau identifies completely with his or her own rumah gadang.Majapahit The rumah gadang has three main areas: immediately after the entrance comes a middle ares (rumah tongah), where there is normally a central post; adjoining this the anjuang, and the bedrooms (biliak). Opposite the anjuang is the kitchen and in front of that a large space (pangkalan), where visitors are received. While the long house is a meeting place for all, the rumah gadang is essentially a women's area; none of the men spends much time in the house with his mother or his wife, and the biliak (bedrooms) are seen as room of the house reflects a woman's life cycle, and forms a journey from the central post to the anjuang, then the biliak, and lastly to the kitchen.
Rice store - Minangkabau architecture, Pagaruyung near Bukit Tinggi, Sumatra.
The ethnic groups in the mountain regions of southwest and central Sulawesi (Celebes) are known by the name of Toraja, which has come to mean "those who live upstream" or "those who live in the mountains". Their name is in fact derived from Raja, which in Sanskrit means "king". The society is hierarchically structured: the noblemen are called rengnge, the ordinary people to makaka, and the slaves to kaunan; birth determines which rank a person will occupy. The distinctive features of the traditional houses (tongkonan) of the Toraja are the "buffalo horns", the roof design and the rich decoration on the walls. The buffalo is a symbol of status, courage, strength and fighting spirit.Designed as a representation of the universe, the tongkonan is constructed in three parts: the upper world (the roof), the world of humans (the middle of the building), and the underworld (the space under the floor). The highly distinctive roofs constructed by the Toraja have given rise to various ingenious interpretations. Certainly the roof is something of deep significance for the Toraja, and even today they build "modern" (in other words houses built with cement) houses with such roofs. A tongkonan - Toraja area, Sulawesi (Celebes).
http://www.google.co.id/images?hl=id &gbv=2&tbs=isch:1&q=rumah+mewah +modern&revid=1652885001&sa=X&ei= pMlPTY3aF4L4vwPUgbHrDw&ved=0CDI Q1QIoAw&biw=1024&bih=574 These are some modern houses around my neighborhood
I chose the traditional home for the traditional house is more attractive than its shape. And many modern houses which follow the shape. Traditional houses in Indonesia are becoming rare and I want to bring back memories of traditional houses as I am proud of what my ancestor made in the past.