Presentation on theme: "Chelsey Nelson Chad Clower. Completed in 1913, the dorms were the first example of Maryland Style Colonial Architecture in southern Minnesota."— Presentation transcript:
Chelsey Nelson Chad Clower
Completed in 1913, the dorms were the first example of Maryland Style Colonial Architecture in southern Minnesota.
There are two varieties of Colonial Architecture. Georgian Colonial Colonial Architecture is an off-shot of the Cape Cod style of architecture. Real Colonial style can only be found in the 13 colonies.
Georgian style was transported directly from England. It only had slight differences from the English Style.
Colonial Style is completely distinct from the Georgian and English style. It evolved only in America. It is less complex than the Georgian Style and is thought to be less glamorous.
There are four forms. The first is found primarily in New England. The second is mainly in New York with some examples found in Long Island and Northern New Jersey. The third originated in Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey. The last is in rare existence found only in Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas.
Rectangular Symmetrical Protruding Entry with Columns Gabled Roof Chimney at Each End Sometimes Seen Only at One End
Double-Hung Windows Shutters Small Equally Sized Window Panes Clapboard Siding Central door way Two windows on either side Five windows across second floor
Post and Beam Construction Frame of Vertical Posts Every Six Feet Horizontal Mortared to Ends to Form Rooms Dirt Floors Wood Floors White Limestone Walls Small Windows Conserve Heat Central or Offset Chimney Steep Thatch Roof Lowered with Use of Shingles
The first Colonial houses were merely one room deep and two stories. Occasionally single story hall parlors. Added space in 1700s to make 1 ½ room deep Saltbox home. Had unique sloping rear roof line.
Late 1700s evolved to four-over-four houses. Central hall with stairs Living Room 2 rooms deep Dining Room opposite living room Kitchen behind Dining room
Bedrooms Upstairs Bathrooms Upstairs
Maryland houses used brick construction More protection from the elements Produced architecture second only to Virginia Wealth from tobacco fields Few examples left in Maryland Chose more elegant style as wealth increased
Grand Central Chimney Brick Construction Eave Pattern Perched Windows Original Peaked Roof
Peaked Roof Brick Construction Three Window Pattern
Perched Windows Brick Construction Intricate Columns Peaked Roof Eave Pattern