Presentation on theme: "Philadelphia Row Houses By Don Letts and Lindsey Kieffaber."— Presentation transcript:
Philadelphia Row Houses By Don Letts and Lindsey Kieffaber
Penn's Plan Penn's initial design for his 'green country town' was framed partly in response to his negative view of london- (pg. 10. Spaces, inside and outside in Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia by Sharon V Salinger) Philadelphia was the first large-scale gridiron. He designed the town for large mansions per block surrounded by gardens. A truly suburban setting Ironically,...by 1750 the aspect of the toen bore a closer resemblance to London than to Penn's vision of a disciplined community. (pg. 1. Houses and Early Life in Philadelphia, by Grant Miles Simon)
Row House Comprimise Row Houses were Philadelphias dominant building type for 300 years… (pg. 14, The Comparative Row House Study: an Introduction to Architectural Design, by Paul Hirsorn) Row House design is essentially a comprimise between what Penn wanted, and what London was. The majority of the row houses did not have gardens in front of them. However row houses allowed for individuals to own property rather than the appartment style New York. Penn encouraged, and there still remains a psychology within Philadelphia (especially the old Philadelphia area) that the inhabitants are city people, but country people at heart.
Used in Germany and London (before the great fire of 1666) Relevance: the first row houses were constructed in half-timber construction (Budds Row- the earliest recorded row in Philadelphia… dating from about 1691 (pg. 140, Robert Mills and the Philadelphia Row House, by Kenneth Ames) Half Timber Construction A few examples of half-timber construction:
South Side of Elfreth's Alley Georgian architecture - pediments - paneled shutters Elfreth's alley - upper to middle class inhabitants one side is primarily Georgian architecture, and the other federal.
North Side of Elfreths Alley Federal Architecture -collumns around the door -more aymewtrical and balanced. -have elevated entrances more often - pedimented gable - three full stories - roof pitch reduced
York Row: South side of walnut street facing sansom row originally very grand Built by BHL in , shortly before Mills created Franklin row
Franklin Row: Built in 1810 by Robert Mills South 9 th St, between Chestnut and Walnut St.
Colonade Row Corner of Fifteenth and Chestnut Streets residential four-storey buildings 1830 John Haviland
Sansom Row: Brown Stone Façade – (16 of 18…2 westward have common Philadelphia brick) Imbricated Shingles – overlapping edges Mansards - upper story formed by a slanted roof Paired Doorways Continuous bracketed cornices – molding Built in 1860s By Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Elfreth's Alley Budd's Long Row Franklin Row York Row Sansom Row
Bibliography Bridenbaugh, Carl. Cities in the Wilderness. New York: The Ronald Press Company. Burt, Nathaniel. The Perennial Philadelphians. Philadelphia: University of Pennslyvania Press, Salinger, Sharon V. Spaces, Inside and Outside in Eighteenth Century Philadelphia. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 26, No Ames, Kenneth. Robert Mills and the Philadelphia Row House. The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 27, No. 2. May, Schweitzer, Mary M. The Spatial Organization of Federalist Philadelphia, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 24, No The Octavia Hill Association. Certain Aspects of the Housing Problem in Philadelphia. Annals of the American academy of Political and Social Science.Vol. 20. July 1902,
Bibliography cont Simon, Grant Miles. Houses and Early Life in Philadelphia. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. New Ser, Vol. 43, No Murtagh, William John. The Philadelphia Row House. The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 16 No. 4. December Smith, Robert C. Two Centuries of Philadelphia Architecture Transations of the American Philosophical Society, New Ser, Vol 43, No Hirshorn, Paul. The Comparative Rowhouse Study: An Introduction to Architectural Design. JAE, Vol. 36, No