Presentation on theme: "Alley Landscapes of Washington James Borchert. Borchert, James Alan. "The Rise and Fall of Washington's Inhabited Alleys, 1852-1972." Columbia Historical."— Presentation transcript:
Alley Landscapes of Washington James Borchert
Borchert, James Alan. "The Rise and Fall of Washington's Inhabited Alleys, " Columbia Historical Society Records 48 ( ): Borchert, James Alan. "Alley Life in Washington: Analysis of 600 Photographs." Columbia Historical Society Records 49 ( ): Borchert, James Alan. "American Mini-Ghettoes: Alleys, Alley Dwellings and Alley Dwellers in Washington, D. C., " Ph.D. Thesis. University Of Maryland College Park, 1976 Borchert, James Alan. "Alley Landscapes of Washington", Landscape 23, No. 3 (1979): Borchert, James Alan. Alley Life in Washington: Family, Community, Religion, and Folklife in the City, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, Borchert, James Alan. "Builders and Owners of Alley Dwellings in Washington, D.C., ", Records of the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C. 50 (1980): Borchert, James Alan. "Analysis of Historical Photographs: A Method and a Case Study," Studies in Visual Communication 7 (Fall 1981): Borchert, James Alan. "Historical Photo-Analysis: A Research Method." Historical Methods 15 (1982): Borchert, James Alan. "Urban Neighborhood and Community: Informal Group Life, " Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 11:4 (Spring 1981), James and Susan Borchert. Lakewood: The First Hundred Years. Virginia Beach, VA.: Donning Publishers, Borchert, James Alan. "Cities in the Suburbs: Heterogeneous Communities on the U.S. Urban Fringe, " Urban History (1996) Borchert, James Alan. "Residential City Suburbs: The Emergence of a New Suburban Type, " Journal of Urban History (1996) Borchert, James Alan. "Visual Landscapes of a Streetcar Suburb." Understanding Ordinary Landscapes ed. Todd Bressi and Paul Groth. New Haven : Yale University Press, Borchert, James Alan. "Historical Analysis of Photographs" in A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing (1998) Borchert, James Alan. "Viewing the "Underclass" and Ghetto from the Top Down." Journal of Urban History 25, no. 4 (1999): Borchert, James Alan. "From City to Suburb: The Strange case of Cleveland's Disappearing Social Elite and Their Changing Residential Landscapes, " Spring 1999 Ohio Academy of History meeting. James and Susan Borchert. "Downtown, Uptown, Out of Town: Diverging Patterns of Upper Class Residential Landscapes in Buffalo, Pittsburgh, and Cleveland, " Social Science History 26, no. 2 (2002): Borchert, James Alan. "The Swan and the Ostrich: The Mysterious Origins of Oakland's Last Fifth Avenue Villa." Western Pennsylvania History (2003). Borchert, James Alan. "Deindustrialization" in the Encyclopedia of Homelessness (2004)
Walking City Washington is a walking city in mid 19 th century lack quick cheap transportation system. requires servant domestic space –visually separated from avenues of social elites, hence alleys. –Didn't develop more intensive tenement occupations.
Early 20 th topographic map
Alley form Alley shapes H plan narrow ingress feet interior alley 30 feet.
Temple Court Alley off 6 th & 7 th near C Street
Alley in Temple Court Alley resident between D & C
African American landscape Alley life created social world extended kinships pooled resources. not through change of physical fabric, but behavioral or symbolic world. moved furniture out of dwellings into street, turning houses inside out. Didn't use backyards because of privies.
Threats to alley life Threatens alleys. construction of trolleys 1890s ban on alley house construction business encroachments on alleys need for automobile garages
Evolving landscapes opened and closed use of space adding porch as mediating space. inclusion of plants. Connoisseurship talking "Renewed exteriors look far more aesthetically pleasing but their pristine appearance makes them colder than the dark red brick of earlier years."
Landscape used by historian what are the causes and effects of the alley landscape? landscape is the result of changes in the physical fabric made by residents and the behavioral uses made of the spaces that inject social and symbolic meaning into the environment. can an environment have behavior?