Presentation on theme: "Early Homes – Native Americans – 17 th Century Mrs. Wagner Fashion & Interior Design."— Presentation transcript:
Early Homes – Native Americans – 17 th Century Mrs. Wagner Fashion & Interior Design
Native Americans 2 Main influences – Environment & Culture Common Characteristics: - Dirt Floors - No Windows/Chimney - Dark, Smokey & Crowded - Open Fire – Cooking/Warmth - Little Furniture
Types of Native American Housing Teepee/Wigwam – Hunters – easily moved Longhouse – Farming Tribes – permanent villages: Rectangular frame with barrel shaped roof – several families used Pueblos – houses built on top of each other into cliffs, caves and on level ground. Made from Adobe – clay formed into sun- dried bricks
Early Colonist English Styles - Jamestown VA, Plymouth MA – 1 st Settlements Good examples at Colonial Williamsburg, VA.
1. Half-Timbered House - Wood frame of the house formed part of outside wall – filled with brick or plaster - Thatch Roofs – bundles of reeds or straw - Shingles – thin oblong pieces of wood, laid in overlapping rows- cover roofs & sides - Clapboards – boards with one edge thicker than the other – laid in overlapping rows.
2. Cape Cod House (NE) Simple rectangular design – 4 rooms 1 – ½ stories – Wood siding, central doorway and small paned windows with shutters Central Chimney Pitched or Gable Roof – forms a triangle at ends (gables) – Symmetrical Gambrel Roof – 2 slopes on each side – upper slope being flatter – allowed more space on 2 nd Story – Called Cape Ann
4. The Garrison House 2 nd Story overhangs and projects from the 1 st Story – borrowed from medieval English Architecture Gable Roof & Central fireplace Wood siding on walls and corners of overhang are decorated with hand- carved brackets
German Influence Built in Pennsylvania – called Pennsylvania Dutch Colonial Homes Large houses with wood and quarry/field stone Small roof ledges called Hoods or Pent Roofs - between the first & 2 nd floors
Dutch Influence Dutch Colonial Stone and Brick houses – up to 5 stories Decorative Brick work & intricate steeped gables Dormers – Structures projecting through roof – add windows Dutch doors – divided in ½ horizontally Wide Front Porch – roof extends over Common in NY & Delaware Gambrel roof or steep pitched gable roofs, central entrance, non centered chimney, small paned windows and shutters
French Style NY State, Canada High steep roofs Small windows with heavy shutters French Normandy – earliest style: Rectangular with hip roofs or gable roofs with central turret 1 ½ - 2 ½ stories high with brick stone or stucco walls – some half-timbered South – added balconies – LA – and Plantation style added large porches