2 Lower East Side Tenement The first multiple dwellings were the tenements that were built largely for poor immigrants.In the 1860’s and 70’s, hundreds of tenements were built, primarily on the Lower East Side of New York City, as more and more poor immigrants arrived.Originally, there were little laws governing tenement construction, and most were filthy, crowded and lacked electricity and running water.Conditions were absolutely horrible.Source: Andrew Dolkart, Tenements: The First Multiple Dwellings.
3 Tenement Floor planTenements were overcrowded, unsanitary, and often lacked heat, electricity, water and proper sewage.This picture is a floor plan of a typical dumbbell tenement built to house working-class families.
5 A Tale of Two-HalvesDuring the Gilded Age, the wealthy entrepreneurs and the middle-class managers formed one-half of society, while the working-poor made up the other half.The rich lived lavish lifestyles in beautiful, spacious homes.Immigrants families faced harsh realities: long hours, low pay, and unsanitary and crowded living conditions.
6 Jacob RiisDuring the Gilded Age photography was used as a method of documentation and a tool for social reform.Jacob Riis attempted to capture the realities of 19th Century America for the “other half” by photographing how much of New York City lived during the Gilded Age.
7 Jacob Riis Continued…Jacob Riis was trying to show the world a problem and convince people to work together to find a solution.We will now view pictures from How the Other Half Lives.