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Creation through to David, 1000 BCE USE RIGHT OR LEFT ARROWS TO GO FORWARD OR BACK For Introduction to Judaism course Unit 4 session 2, part 1 Rabbi Jonathan.

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Presentation on theme: "Creation through to David, 1000 BCE USE RIGHT OR LEFT ARROWS TO GO FORWARD OR BACK For Introduction to Judaism course Unit 4 session 2, part 1 Rabbi Jonathan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creation through to David, 1000 BCE USE RIGHT OR LEFT ARROWS TO GO FORWARD OR BACK For Introduction to Judaism course Unit 4 session 2, part 1 Rabbi Jonathan Keren-Black, 2012/5772. All illustrations are Wikipedia Commons copyright free

2 Images in this presentation Most of the images used in this presentation are from the classical artists, who often used the rich and well known stories of the Hebrew Bible. Most of the images used in this presentation are from the classical artists, who often used the rich and well known stories of the Hebrew Bible. They rarely knew the landscapes and styles of the original settings and periods, and used their experience or imagination. They rarely knew the landscapes and styles of the original settings and periods, and used their experience or imagination. Therefore, rich and magnificent as they are, do not expect them to look authentic! Therefore, rich and magnificent as they are, do not expect them to look authentic!

3 Pre-Abrahamic – please note The initial part of the Torah should not be taken literally. The initial part of the Torah should not be taken literally. Judaism and Science do not need to be in conflict. Judaism and Science do not need to be in conflict. We know that the universe was not created in six days (not days as we know them!) We know that the universe was not created in six days (not days as we know them!)

4 We call The Big Bang theory creation ex nihilo (creation from nothing)

5 Explaining the world Creation explains the world with its plants and animals, the universe with the stars, the sun and moon – and human beings. Creation explains the world with its plants and animals, the universe with the stars, the sun and moon – and human beings. Human beings have a special relationship with God – Gods children, partners in Gods work, care-takers of Gods world. Human beings have a special relationship with God – Gods children, partners in Gods work, care-takers of Gods world.

6 God in the Garden of Eden Lucas Cranach the Elder, Germany,

7 Eden is Paradise Eden is Paradise (this is the name of the previous picture). Eden is Paradise (this is the name of the previous picture). Eden can also be taken as childhood – naivety, protected, looked after, before growing up and having to work to live. Eden can also be taken as childhood – naivety, protected, looked after, before growing up and having to work to live. Eden is the model of peace and perfection – the time of perfection to which we yearn to return (Shabbat gives us a weekly taste of it) Eden is the model of peace and perfection – the time of perfection to which we yearn to return (Shabbat gives us a weekly taste of it)

8 Noahs Ark and the flood Charles Willson Peale, 1819, English, Noah and His Ark, oil on canvas

9 Noah is only one of many flood stories It seems likely they are recording memories of a huge regional flood. It seems likely they are recording memories of a huge regional flood. Evidence suggests it could be a record of the end of the last ice age. Evidence suggests it could be a record of the end of the last ice age. There are striking similarities between Noah and the Utnapishtim flood story. There are striking similarities between Noah and the Utnapishtim flood story. But there is a key difference. In that story, the flood is the result of colateral damage from a fight between the gods. But there is a key difference. In that story, the flood is the result of colateral damage from a fight between the gods.

10 The Tower of Babel Hendrick van Cleve III, Antwerp b.1525, oils

11 They knew what was what! Our ancestors may not have had the benefit of TV news and websites. Our ancestors may not have had the benefit of TV news and websites. However they certainly knew about other parts of the world, closer and far away. However they certainly knew about other parts of the world, closer and far away. In Babylon (Bavel = Babel), they built towers to worship the gods (Ziggurats) In Babylon (Bavel = Babel), they built towers to worship the gods (Ziggurats) The story also explains why the distant peoples speak different languages The story also explains why the distant peoples speak different languages

12 From legend towards history From the legendary pre-history of these stories of the development of humanity, Genesis moves to a genealogy (11:10- 32). From the legendary pre-history of these stories of the development of humanity, Genesis moves to a genealogy (11:10- 32). This introduces Avram, and links him back to Noah and thus back to Adam and Eve. This introduces Avram, and links him back to Noah and thus back to Adam and Eve. The Israelite story starts at chapter 12. The Israelite story starts at chapter 12.

13 The story tells us Avram and Sarai were born in Ur, and travel with his father, who dies in Haran, to Canaan

14 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran

15 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars

16 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan

17 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Avram and handmaid have Ishmael

18 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Renamed AvraHam (Abraham) and SaraH Renamed AvraHam (Abraham) and SaraH

19 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Renamed AvraHam (Abraham) and SaraH Renamed AvraHam (Abraham) and SaraH The added letter hey (H) indicates their awareness of the One God of the world The added letter hey (H) indicates their awareness of the One God of the world

20 Circumcision Abraham circumcises himself at the age of 99 – the sign of the covenant with God Abraham circumcises himself at the age of 99 – the sign of the covenant with God He also circumcises his son Ishmael, who is thirteen, and all the men in his camp. He also circumcises his son Ishmael, who is thirteen, and all the men in his camp. He is sitting at the entrance of his tent when visitors appear (angels) to announce Sarah will have a child. He is sitting at the entrance of his tent when visitors appear (angels) to announce Sarah will have a child.

21 Abraham, Sarah and the Angel (Angel to left, Sarah behind wall of tent to right!) Jan Prevost, , Bruges, oil on panel

22 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Renamed AvraHam-Abraham-and SaraH Renamed AvraHam-Abraham-and SaraH Then Abraham and Sarah have Isaac Then Abraham and Sarah have Isaac

23 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Avram and Sarai leave Haran Avram and Sarai leave Haran Worship God by setting up altars Worship God by setting up altars Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Dwell nomadically in land of Canaan Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Avram and handmaid have Ishmael Renamed AvraHam-Abraham-and SaraH Renamed AvraHam-Abraham-and SaraH Then Abraham and Sarah have Isaac Then Abraham and Sarah have Isaac Abrahams servant sent to find Isaac a wife Abrahams servant sent to find Isaac a wife

24 Isaac marries Rebekkah They have Jacob & Esau Isaac marries Rebekkah Benjamin West, British-American, , Esau and Jacob Presented to Isaac They have Jacob & Esau

25 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob and Esau are not identical twins! Jacob and Esau are not identical twins!

26 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob and Esau are not identical twins! They have a major falling-out. They have a major falling-out.

27 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob and Esau are not identical twins! They have a major falling-out. Mum thinks it would be a good idea for Jacob to go to Uncle Laban for a while. Mum thinks it would be a good idea for Jacob to go to Uncle Laban for a while.

28 Jacob meets Rachel at the well Luca Giordano, Italian, , oil on canvas dated c.1690

29 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob and Esau are not identical twins! They have a major falling-out. Mum thinks it would be a good idea for Jacob to go to Uncle Laban for a while. Jacob stays a while – works for Laban, and gets married (to Leah and Rachel). Jacob stays a while – works for Laban, and gets married (to Leah and Rachel).

30 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob and Esau are not identical twins! They have a major falling-out. Mum thinks it would be a good idea for Jacob to go to Uncle Laban for a while. Jacob stays a while – works for Laban, and gets married (to Leah and Rachel). He fathers at least twelve children and eventually decides to go back home! He fathers at least twelve children and eventually decides to go back home!

31 Return of Jacob with His Family Jacopo Bassano, Italian, 1510–1592, oil on canvas, c.1580

32 A bit concerned? Jacob is told that his brother Esau has come to meet him with 400 men! Jacob is told that his brother Esau has come to meet him with 400 men! Jacob is by now a very rich man, and sends many gifts ahead of him to Esau. Jacob is by now a very rich man, and sends many gifts ahead of him to Esau. He sends his family and his flocks across the river. He sends his family and his flocks across the river. But he stays on the far side. However, he doesnt get a good nights sleep! But he stays on the far side. However, he doesnt get a good nights sleep!

33 Jacob and the Angel Alexander Louis Leloir, 1843–1884, French, dated 1865

34 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob struggles with an angel Jacob struggles with an angel

35 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob struggles with an angel Jacob struggles with an angel He is renamed YISRAEL He is renamed YISRAEL

36 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob struggles with an angel Jacob struggles with an angel He is renamed YISRAEL: He is renamed YISRAEL: One who struggles with God One who struggles with God

37 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob struggles with an angel Jacob struggles with an angel He is renamed YISRAEL: He is renamed YISRAEL: One (lit. he) who struggles with God One (lit. he) who struggles with God Therefore, his children are called The Children of Israel Therefore, his children are called The Children of Israel

38 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacob struggles with an angel Jacob struggles with an angel He is renamed YISRAEL: He is renamed YISRAEL: One who struggles with God One who struggles with God Therefore his children are called The Children of Israel Therefore his children are called The Children of Israel Or the Israelites! Or the Israelites!

39 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt

40 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt

41 Joseph and his Brothers Franz Anton Maulbertsch (1724–1796), d , oil on canvas

42 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt The rest of the family come to Egypt because of famine in Canaan The rest of the family come to Egypt because of famine in Canaan

43 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt The rest of the family come to Egypt because of famine in Canaan The rest of the family come to Egypt because of famine in Canaan The Israelites thrive, prosper and grow in Egypt The Israelites thrive, prosper and grow in Egypt

44 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Jacobs favourite son, Joseph, is sold as a slave and taken to Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt Eventually he becomes vizier in Egypt The rest of the family come to Egypt because of famine in Canaan The rest of the family come to Egypt because of famine in Canaan The Israelites thrive, prosper and grow in Egypt The Israelites thrive, prosper and grow in Egypt Until a new Pharaoh (dynasty) arises Until a new Pharaoh (dynasty) arises

45 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The Israelites are enslaved The Israelites are enslaved

46 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The Israelites are enslaved The Israelites are enslaved Many measures are used against them Many measures are used against them

47 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The Israelites are enslaved The Israelites are enslaved Many measures are used against them Many measures are used against them They are given hard labour, building the store cities of Pitom and Ramses They are given hard labour, building the store cities of Pitom and Ramses

48 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The Israelites are enslaved The Israelites are enslaved Many measures are used against them Many measures are used against them They are given hard labour, building the store cities of Pitom and Ramses They are given hard labour, building the store cities of Pitom and Ramses Their male babies are to be killed at birth Their male babies are to be killed at birth

49 Moses exposed on the water Nicolas Colombel, French, c , Rome influence

50 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The Israelites are enslaved The Israelites are enslaved Many measures are used against them Many measures are used against them They are given hard labour, building the store cities of Pitom and Ramses They are given hard labour, building the store cities of Pitom and Ramses Their male babies are to be killed at birth Their male babies are to be killed at birth One is apparently saved, named Moses, and brought up in the Egyptian Court One is apparently saved, named Moses, and brought up in the Egyptian Court

51 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert

52 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert His encounter with God at the Burning Bush forces him to return to Pharaoh His encounter with God at the Burning Bush forces him to return to Pharaoh

53 Moses removes his shoes at the Burning Bush Domenico Fetti, Italian, 1588 – 1623, c.1615/17, oil on canvas

54 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert His encounter with God at the Burning Bush forces him to return to Pharaoh His encounter with God at the Burning Bush forces him to return to Pharaoh With the help of the Ten Plagues, Pharaoh is persuaded to let the Israelites go free – The Exodus from Egypt With the help of the Ten Plagues, Pharaoh is persuaded to let the Israelites go free – The Exodus from Egypt

55 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert Moses flees the Court and becomes a shepherd in the desert His encounter with God at the Burning Bush forces him to return to Pharaoh His encounter with God at the Burning Bush forces him to return to Pharaoh With the help of the Ten Plagues, Pharaoh is persuaded to let the Israelites go free – The Exodus from Egypt With the help of the Ten Plagues, Pharaoh is persuaded to let the Israelites go free – The Exodus from Egypt They pass through the Sea of Reeds They pass through the Sea of Reeds

56 Crossing of the Sea Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665, c.1634

57 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God

58 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God The concept of Shabbat is introduced The concept of Shabbat is introduced

59 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God The concept of Shabbat is introduced The concept of Shabbat is introduced They come to Mount Sinai and receive Torah They come to Mount Sinai and receive Torah

60 Moses with the Ten Commandments Rembrandt 1606–1669, oil on canvas, 1659

61 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God The concept of Shabbat is introduced The concept of Shabbat is introduced They come to Mount Sinai and receive Torah They come to Mount Sinai and receive Torah They construct The Tabernacle to worship God They construct The Tabernacle to worship God

62 Furniture of the Biblical Tabernacle Illustration from the 1890 Holman Bible, New York American Bible Society

63 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God In the desert, they are free from slavery – free to worship God The concept of Shabbat is introduced The concept of Shabbat is introduced They come to Mount Sinai and receive Torah They come to Mount Sinai and receive Torah They construct The Tabernacle to worship God They construct The Tabernacle to worship God They spend 40 years in the desert They spend 40 years in the desert

64 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The generation who knew slavery die out and a new generation are born The generation who knew slavery die out and a new generation are born

65 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The generation who knew slavery die out and a new generation are born The generation who knew slavery die out and a new generation are born Moses sees the Promised Land but God tells him he will die without entering it. Moses sees the Promised Land but God tells him he will die without entering it.

66 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The generation who knew slavey die out and a new generation are born The generation who knew slavey die out and a new generation are born Moses sees the Promised Land but God tells him he will die without entering it. Moses sees the Promised Land but God tells him he will die without entering it. Moses ordains Joshua to lead the people Moses ordains Joshua to lead the people

67 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII The generation who knew slavey die out and a new generation are born The generation who knew slavey die out and a new generation are born Moses sees the Promised Land but God tells him he will die without entering it. Moses sees the Promised Land but God tells him he will die without entering it. Moses ordains Joshua to lead the people Moses ordains Joshua to lead the people Joshua leads the people into the Promised Land and conquers Jericho Joshua leads the people into the Promised Land and conquers Jericho

68 The Seven Trumpets of Jericho 1904, J. James Tissot

69 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges

70 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Charismatic individuals appear, speaking in the name of God, called Prophets Charismatic individuals appear, speaking in the name of God, called Prophets

71 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Charismatic individuals appear, speaking in the name of God, called Prophets Charismatic individuals appear, speaking in the name of God, called Prophets But the people want a king, like the surrounding nations But the people want a king, like the surrounding nations

72 BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA BCE – BEFORE THE COMMON ERA CE – COMMON ERA IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Canaan is conquered/settled and the Israelites are ruled by the Judges Charismatic individuals appear, speaking in the name of God, called Prophets Charismatic individuals appear, speaking in the name of God, called Prophets But the people want a king, like the surrounding nations But the people want a king, like the surrounding nations The Prophet Samuel annoints the first Israelite king, Saul. The Prophet Samuel annoints the first Israelite king, Saul.

73 Saul and the Witch of Endor Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen, Dutch, c , oil on panel, 1526

74 End of part 1 This unit (4.2) is continued with part 2 This unit (4.2) is continued with part 2


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