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 Hebrew Civilization thrived from 1800 B.C.E. – 70 C.E.  Originally From Mesopotamia, moved to land of Canaan  Hebrews were founders of Judaism 

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Presentation on theme: " Hebrew Civilization thrived from 1800 B.C.E. – 70 C.E.  Originally From Mesopotamia, moved to land of Canaan  Hebrews were founders of Judaism "— Presentation transcript:

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3  Hebrew Civilization thrived from 1800 B.C.E. – 70 C.E.  Originally From Mesopotamia, moved to land of Canaan  Hebrews were founders of Judaism  Transformed from Hebrews to Jews

4  Origins and basic laws come from the Torah (God’s teaching)  Torah consists of first five books of the Christian Bible (Old Testament)  Historians study to understand history of Judaism  Historians also study artifacts left behind

5  According to Torah, Abraham: ancestor of the Hebrews, lived in Mesopotamia  1950 B.C.E. Abraham led many to Canaan, herded sheep & goats  1800 B.C.E. Hebrews fled to Egypt due to a famine  Hebrews became slaves, Moses led Hebrews out of Egypt

6  After escaping Egypt, Hebrews wandered for 40 years, return to Canaan  1,000 B.C.E. Hebrews set up Kingdom of Israel  Canaan under rule of Kind David & son, King Solomon  Solomon built a temple in capital city Jerusalem

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8 AbrahamMoses King David King Solomon

9  “Father of the Hebrews”: introduced Judaism  Based on belief of one God (Uncommon for this era)  Torah: God told him to move his family to Canaan  God promised to make him the father of a blessed nation  Descendants known as Jewish People

10  “Greatest Leader”: led his people out of slavery in Egypt  Moses told Hebrews: God lead them to Canaan for their faithful obedience  Canaan is known as the promise land  God gave Moses 10 most important laws  Became foundation of Jewish beliefs

11  Back to Canaan, ruled under Kings David and Solomon  Jerusalem became Holy City  King Solomon built the first great temple.

12  Judaism began with a covenant between God & Abram  God visited Abram as an old man, told to leave his country  Mesopotamia to Canaan  At age 99, made another covenant with God

13  God promised to protect Abram’s descendants  Mark of covenant: gave a new name, Abraham  Abraham means “father of many”  Covenant meant: Jews would set an example for how God wanted people to live

14  God often tested Abraham’s faith  Sacrifices common of animals  God tested his faith by sacrificing Abraham’s son  Abraham agreed, took Isaac to sacrifice him  Stopped by an angel at last minute

15  God promised again to bless Abraham’s descendants  Hebrews flourished, nation made of 12 tribes  Abraham introduced idea of one God  Jews believe they should set an example of how people should live

16  Moses became leader around 1250 B.C.E.  Hebrews became very powerful and large in numbers  Pharaoh felt threatened, made Jews be slaves  Moses with God’s strength went to the Pharaoh to free the Jews

17  Pharaoh wouldn't free the slaves  God punished Egypt with 10 different plagues  Locusts devoured all crops, Nile turned into blood  Angel sent by God killed first born son of watch family  Pharaoh finally gave in.

18  Moses started to lead the Hebrews out of Egypt  Egyptian Army caught up with the Hebrews by Red Sea  Moses raised his stick and the sea parted  Hebrews got across, water came back while army tried to cross drowning the soldiers

19  10 laws, foundation of Judaism  Given to Moses at Mt. Sinai  Commandments remind Hebrews to only worship one God  Sabbath- seventh day of the week to rest and worship

20  Basic Moral Laws  Hebrews obey commandments to honor covenant with God.  Had to make moral laws known to the world  Moses: led Jews out of Egypt, still celebrated today, brought the 10 Commandments, and worship one God

21  David’s time: 1000 B.C.E.  Hebrews at war with Philistines  Philistines agreed to be Hebrews slaves if could beat their strongest warrior  Teenage David agreed to fight Goliath  Goliath was mocking God

22  One mighty throw, Goliath fell  David later became King due to strength and courage  David ended wars and united the Kingdom of Israel  New Kingdom had government, courts, army,  David served as nation’s chief priest

23  David chose Jerusalem as capital city  Jerusalem: center of religious and political life  Ark of the Covenant to Israel  Ten Commandments in a wood and gold chest

24  Death of David, Solomon takes over  Built temple in Jerusalem to house the Ark of the Covenant  Hebrew people built temple  Over 3,000 officials needed to oversee the project  Taxed his people a lot to pay for gold, wood, and copper

25  Kingdom divided near Solomon’s death  Solomon angered the Hebrew people  David & Solomon’s descendants ruled Southern Kingdom  David & Solomon laid foundation for Jews to be governed by Kings: 400 years


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