3 The Journey to the Underworld Archetypes relating to deathArchetypal ritual for the summoning of the dead
4 Encounter with Elpenor Summary of encounterWhat Greek cultural concept does this encounter reflect?Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness?
5 Encounter with Tiresias Background of TiresiasThe ProphecyWhat does it echo?What will the rest of Odysseus’s journey involve?What must he do?What, essentially, does Tiresias warn against?
6 Encounter with Anticleia Summary of the encounterRelationship between Odyssey and Anticleia – What can we conclude?How does this encounter characterize Odysseus? Think about the characteristics of an epic hero.
7 The Rest of the Underworld Reads like a “who’s who” of dead Greek people TyroAntiopeAlcmenaJocastaChlorisLedaIphimedeiaPhaedraProcrisAriadneClymeneMaeraEriphyteThe interlude on pp reflects the strong oral culture of the Greeks.In the Underworld, Odysseus learns of many of the other Achaean heroes who either never made it home or didn’t make it home for long.AgamemnonAchillesPatroclusAntilochusAjaxMinosOrionTityusTantalusSisyphusHeracles (Hercules)
8 Encounter with Achilles Concepts of nostos and kleosWhat does Achilles say about nostos and kleos? (lines )How might this relate to the rest of the epic?
10 Circe’s Instructions Relation to Tiresias’s prophecy What is Circe’s opinion of how Odysseus should handle these situations? What is revealed about her by this?
11 The Sirens Summary of events What do we make of Odysseus’s actions here?Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness?Metaphorical meaning – restraint, knowledge of life’s risks, lack of control
12 Scylla and Charybdis Summary of the event Epic simile – p. 279 Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness?Metaphorical meaning – difficult decisions, “being caught between a rock and a hard place”What can we learn about dealing with difficult decisions based on Odysseus’s experience of being caught between a whirlpool and a six-headed, man-eating monster?Evaluate Odysseus’s leadership based on this event. How do we perceive his leadership?
13 Thrinacia – Helios’s Cattle Summary of eventsRole of Eurylochus and his rationaleImageryMotif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness?Metaphorical meaning – respect for authority and lawWhat can we learn about the Greeks’ perception of the relationship between the individual and law/authority?Evaluate Odysseus’s leadership based on this event.