The Journey to the Underworld Archetypes relating to death Archetypal ritual for the summoning of the dead
Encounter with Elpenor Summary of encounter What Greek cultural concept does this encounter reflect? Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness?
Encounter with Tiresias Background of Tiresias The Prophecy –What does it echo? –What will the rest of Odysseuss journey involve? –What must he do? –What, essentially, does Tiresias warn against?
Encounter with Anticleia Summary of the encounter Relationship between Odyssey and Anticleia – What can we conclude? How does this encounter characterize Odysseus? Think about the characteristics of an epic hero.
The Rest of the Underworld Reads like a whos who of dead Greek people –Tyro –Antiope –Alcmena –Jocasta –Chloris –Leda –Iphimedeia –Phaedra –Procris –Ariadne –Clymene –Maera –Eriphyte The interlude on pp. 260-262 reflects the strong oral culture of the Greeks. In the Underworld, Odysseus learns of many of the other Achaean heroes who either never made it home or didnt make it home for long. –Agamemnon –Achilles –Patroclus –Antilochus –Ajax –Minos –Orion –Tityus –Tantalus –Sisyphus –Heracles (Hercules)
Encounter with Achilles Concepts of nostos and kleos What does Achilles say about nostos and kleos? (lines 550-560) How might this relate to the rest of the epic?
Circes Instructions Relation to Tiresiass prophecy What is Circes opinion of how Odysseus should handle these situations? What is revealed about her by this?
The Sirens Summary of events What do we make of Odysseuss actions here? Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness? Metaphorical meaning – restraint, knowledge of lifes risks, lack of control
Scylla and Charybdis Summary of the event Epic simile – p. 279 Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness? Metaphorical meaning – difficult decisions, being caught between a rock and a hard place What can we learn about dealing with difficult decisions based on Odysseuss experience of being caught between a whirlpool and a six-headed, man-eating monster? Evaluate Odysseuss leadership based on this event. How do we perceive his leadership?
Thrinacia – Helioss Cattle Summary of events Role of Eurylochus and his rationale Imagery Motif – temptation, monster, or folly/recklessness? Metaphorical meaning – respect for authority and law What can we learn about the Greeks perception of the relationship between the individual and law/authority? Evaluate Odysseuss leadership based on this event.