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Chapter 12 Lecture One of Two Myths of Death ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Lecture One of Two Myths of Death ©2012 Pearson Education Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 Lecture One of Two Myths of Death ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

2 Myths of Death Greeks mostly believed in a life after death, but it was a bleak vision It evolved and changed over time. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

3 THE GREEK VIEW OF DEATH ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

4 The Greek View of Death Not a “natural process” for the Greeks – Life ended from some violent intervention Hades (“the unseen one”) – Pluto (Dis) – Euphemisms: Polydemôn; Polyxenos Individuals continued as an eidolon – Breath (anemos > anima) psychê ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

5 The Greek View of Death The recently dead had to be satisfied with rituals – Morning, noise, even food Invited to parties: the anthesteria Some ghosts are beneficent, others malevolent Hermes led them to their place of rest (psychopompus) ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

6 ODYSSEUS’S JOURNEY TO DEATH’S REALM Homer's Odyssey, book 11 ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

7 Odysseus’s Journey Must get advice from the deceased Tiresias – Was once a woman; knew which enjoyed sex more Journey across the Ocean Blood sacrifice (vampirism) Elpenor – The fate of the unburied ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

8 Perspective 12.1 Modern vampires emanate from Serbian folklore, though tales of supernatural beings drinking blood from the living are attested in every culture. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Private Collection; Roger Perrin / The Bridgeman Art Library International

9 Odysseus’s Journey Catalog of Noble Women Achilles – “Better to be a peon...” The arbitrators of the underworld – Minos, Rhadymanthus, Aeacus The illustrious evil – Tityus, Tantalus, Sisyphus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

10 Fig Odysseus and the ghost of Elpenor. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Photograph © 2011 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

11 Odysseus’s Journey Heracles’s eidolon Elysium – Menelaüs ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.

12 Fig The tortures of the damned: Sisyphus, Orion, Tityus and the Danaïds. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Photo Vatican Museums

13 End ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.


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