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Published byAldous Montgomery
Modified about 1 year ago
1 Ladders and Stairs Designed and used with safety in mind
2 Section I Introduction
3 Ladders & Stairs Hazards Rules Inspection Safe use Maintenance Stairways
4 Section II Hazards
5 Hazards of ladders Falls Slips Overreaching Weather
6 Hazards of ladders Oil or grease Not secured Electrocution Falling objects
7 Hazards of stairs Clutter Slippery surfaces Damage
8 Hazards of stairs Poor lighting Unsafe practices
9 Section III OSHA/State of Montana rules for most workplaces
10 Different kinds of ladders Portable wood – Portable metal – Fixed –
11 OSHA terms Ladder Single Extension
12 OSHA terms Stepladder Type 1 – Industrial Type 2 – Commercial Type 3 - Household
13 OSHA terms Fixed Individual-rung Rail Grab bars Pitch
14 OSHA terms Cage Well Ladder safety device
15 Design - Portable Materials Length Rung / step spacing Side rail width
16 OSHA design - Portable Non-skid Extension ladder overlap Stepladder spreaders
17 OSHA design - Fixed Materials Load limits Rungs and cleats Rung / step spacing
18 OSHA design - Fixed Rung / step length Clearance Cages / wells Platforms Ladder safety devices
19 OSHA design - Fixed Grab bars Step-across distance Pitch
20 Section IV OSHA construction rules
21 Construction rules Part 1926 Subpart X
22 Construction terms Portable ladder Fixed ladder Individual-rung/step ladders Job-made ladder
23 Construction terms Single-cleat ladder Double cleat ladder Step stool
24 Construction design - Portable Materials Length Rung / step spacing Side rail width
25 Construction design - Portable Non-skid Stepladder spreaders Load-carrying capacities
26 Construction design - Fixed Load limits Side rails Non-skid Clearance
27 Construction design - Fixed Grab bars Step-across distance Pitch or angle of the ladder
28 Construction design - Fixed Use of cages / wells Ladder safety devices Self-retracting lifelines
29 Section V Inspection
30 Inspection Frequent Portable metal - tips over Construction – competent person
31 Inspection Rungs / steps Side rails Corrosion Tight fit Grease / oil
32 Inspection Splinters Fittings Moving parts Fraying
33 Section VI Safe use
34 Safe use Inspect before use Length and load limits No metal by electrical lines
35 Safe use Intended purpose Firm, solid surface Secured / barricaded
36 Safe use Clear area Stepladders locked open 4-to-1 rule
37 Safe use Face the ladder Both hands Only one person
38 Safe use Top 2 steps of a stepladder Top 4 rungs of a straight ladder Do not move occupied ladder
39 Safe use Hoist material Work within side rails Proper storage
40 Section VII Maintenance
41 Maintenance Remove from service Tag “Do Not Use”
42 Maintenance Repair to original design Qualified personnel
43 Section VIII Stairways
44 General OSHA rule Fixed industrial stairs –
45 Construction rule Stairways –
46 Stairways Slippery conditions Clean up spills Snow and ice
47 Stairways No clutter Proper lighting Use handrails
48 Stairways Always walk — don’t run Carrying materials Report unsafe conditions
49 Section VII Conclusion
50 Summary Hazards Rules Inspection Safe use Maintenance Stairways
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