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1 Ladders and Stairs Designed and used with safety in mind.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Ladders and Stairs Designed and used with safety in mind."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Ladders and Stairs Designed and used with safety in mind

2 2 Section I Introduction

3 3 Ladders & Stairs Hazards Rules Inspection Safe use Maintenance Stairways

4 4 Section II Hazards

5 5 Hazards of ladders Falls Slips Overreaching Weather

6 6 Hazards of ladders Oil or grease Not secured Electrocution Falling objects

7 7 Hazards of stairs Clutter Slippery surfaces Damage

8 8 Hazards of stairs Poor lighting Unsafe practices

9 9 Section III OSHA/State of Montana rules for most workplaces

10 10 Different kinds of ladders Portable wood – Portable metal – Fixed –

11 11 OSHA terms Ladder Single Extension

12 12 OSHA terms Stepladder Type 1 – Industrial Type 2 – Commercial Type 3 - Household

13 13 OSHA terms Fixed Individual-rung Rail Grab bars Pitch

14 14 OSHA terms Cage Well Ladder safety device

15 15 Design - Portable Materials Length Rung / step spacing Side rail width

16 16 OSHA design - Portable Non-skid Extension ladder overlap Stepladder spreaders

17 17 OSHA design - Fixed Materials Load limits Rungs and cleats Rung / step spacing

18 18 OSHA design - Fixed Rung / step length Clearance Cages / wells Platforms Ladder safety devices

19 19 OSHA design - Fixed Grab bars Step-across distance Pitch

20 20 Section IV OSHA construction rules

21 21 Construction rules Part 1926 Subpart X

22 22 Construction terms Portable ladder Fixed ladder Individual-rung/step ladders Job-made ladder

23 23 Construction terms Single-cleat ladder Double cleat ladder Step stool

24 24 Construction design - Portable Materials Length Rung / step spacing Side rail width

25 25 Construction design - Portable Non-skid Stepladder spreaders Load-carrying capacities

26 26 Construction design - Fixed Load limits Side rails Non-skid Clearance

27 27 Construction design - Fixed Grab bars Step-across distance Pitch or angle of the ladder

28 28 Construction design - Fixed Use of cages / wells Ladder safety devices Self-retracting lifelines

29 29 Section V Inspection

30 30 Inspection Frequent Portable metal - tips over Construction – competent person

31 31 Inspection Rungs / steps Side rails Corrosion Tight fit Grease / oil

32 32 Inspection Splinters Fittings Moving parts Fraying

33 33 Section VI Safe use

34 34 Safe use Inspect before use Length and load limits No metal by electrical lines

35 35 Safe use Intended purpose Firm, solid surface Secured / barricaded

36 36 Safe use Clear area Stepladders locked open 4-to-1 rule

37 37 Safe use Face the ladder Both hands Only one person

38 38 Safe use Top 2 steps of a stepladder Top 4 rungs of a straight ladder Do not move occupied ladder

39 39 Safe use Hoist material Work within side rails Proper storage

40 40 Section VII Maintenance

41 41 Maintenance Remove from service Tag “Do Not Use”

42 42 Maintenance Repair to original design Qualified personnel

43 43 Section VIII Stairways

44 44 General OSHA rule Fixed industrial stairs –

45 45 Construction rule Stairways –

46 46 Stairways Slippery conditions Clean up spills Snow and ice

47 47 Stairways No clutter Proper lighting Use handrails

48 48 Stairways Always walk — don’t run Carrying materials Report unsafe conditions

49 49 Section VII Conclusion

50 50 Summary Hazards Rules Inspection Safe use Maintenance Stairways

51 51 Questions?


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