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A 2012 Tennessee Accessibility Standards Update All You Can Eat in One Hour! Presented by: Michael Allen Accessibility Specialist ICC Code Able Inc Pensacola,

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Presentation on theme: "A 2012 Tennessee Accessibility Standards Update All You Can Eat in One Hour! Presented by: Michael Allen Accessibility Specialist ICC Code Able Inc Pensacola,"— Presentation transcript:

1 A 2012 Tennessee Accessibility Standards Update All You Can Eat in One Hour! Presented by: Michael Allen Accessibility Specialist ICC Code Able Inc Pensacola, Nashville ADA Resources and Reviews Construction Specifications Institute, Nashville Chapter Annual Product Show, LP Field October 18, 2012 Eric Lundquist, Chapter President Robert Grummon, Product Show Chair

2 Goal of the course: Participants will use the handout documents and online resources to identify changes between the federal 1991 ADAAG and the updated 2010 Standards for Accessible Design, and also enabling them to apply updated accessibility standards to designs, plan submittals and inspections. Upon completion, participants will be able to: 1.Understand the structure of the ADA, DOJ regulations and the design guidelines, from discussion and the handout diagram. 2.Recognize when design issues are affected by recent accessibility code changes, using a combination of printed reference sheets and online resources. 3.Be alert to notable differences between the 2010 Standards and the IBC Building Code, by consulting bulleted lists prepared for the purpose. 4.Identify compliant and non-compliant architectural details by participating in class interaction during a slide show of example designs and blooper photos. 5.Quickly research current accessibility rules during design planning using the search and browse tools available online at

3 How the ADA works Americans with Disabilities Act of civil rights for disabled persons. ADA has 5 sections or titles – Congress told the Department of Justice (DOJ) to administer Titles 2 and 3, which cover government buildings and commercial buildings, respectively. To do so DOJ created the 2010 Standards (SAD- 10) by combining some regulations with a model code written by the Access Board (2004 AGAAG)

4 2010 Standards For Accessible Design The final result is … Title 2 = 11 regulations plus model code Title 3 = 24 regulations plus model code

5 The federal code There are about 250 changes from the old 91 code Chapter 1 – Housekeeping & Definitions Chapter 2 – Scoping Chapters 3-10 – technical design rules

6 Notable Scoping Changes 1 Accessible Routes and Egress 60% of entrances must be accessible – Egress is referenced to IBC 2000 or 2003 – Note: Newer IBC versions are more stringent Standby power is required at egress platform lifts and at elevators 4 stories from discharge Stairs must comply with ADA rules if they are part of an egress route – 210.1

7 Notable Scoping Changes 2 Toilets Clustered single user toilet rooms – only 50% must be accessible – Clustered means within sight or adjacent Ambulatory Stalls – required when six or more fixtures are provided – Urinals – accessible unit required only when more than one is provided –

8 Ambulatory Accessible Stall Required when six or more fixtures are provided.

9 Notable Scoping Changes 3 Other Changes 5% of lockers must be accessible. 3% of jail cells must be accessible. DOJ regulations now scope group homes, halfway houses, shelters & similar. Title 2 now scopes residential units built by local governments that will be offered for sale to individuals. Title 3 also scopes commercial residential units for sale like condos depending on usage, type and other factors. End of Notable Scoping Changes

10 Notable Design (Technical) Changes 1 Basic Building Block Changes Knee & toe clearance is streamlined Side reach max height lowered to 48 – You may use the knee space under the lavatory for turning space A 2% slope has been redefined as 1:48 (¼/ft)

11 ADAAG-91 Knee Space

12 Knee & Toe Clearance Knee & toe clearance is streamlined - 306

13 Notable Technical Changes 2 Accessible Routes Doors in series may swing inward provided you have min 48 between swings – Lowest 10 inches of door & gate surfaces must be smooth – Ramp handrails are only required when rise is greater than 6 inches (72 rule gone) – 405.8

14 Notable Technical Changes 3 Doors in Series

15 Smooth Toe Kick on Doors

16 Stairway risers min 4 to max 7 – Stairway treads min 11 – Handrail clearance between rail & wall is now *min* 1-1/2 (not exactly 1-1/2) – Bottom level extension at stair handrails has been eliminated. Level extension still required at top stair landing and also at ramps both top and bottom – Notable Technical Changes 4 Stairs

17 Notable Technical Changes 5 Lower Stair Handrail Eliminated

18 Stair Hazard for Visually Impaired

19 Notable Technical Changes 5 Water Closet offset from sidewall is now a range of 16 – 18. – – Unlike fixed dimensions, ranges have no tolerance. – We recommend decreasing your centerline-to- sidewall standard WC offset to 17 to give the plumber the same 2 of wiggle room they are used to. TP dispenser relocated to 7-9 in front of WC.

20 Toilet Clear Floor Space

21 Large Roll Dispenser Problem

22 New TP dispenser dimensions

23 Notable Technical Changes 6 Side approach is now allowed to kitchen sinks (or kitchenette sinks or wet bars) … – As long as the kitchen does not have a range or cooktop – The height must be max 34 AFF top of counter or sink rim, whichever is higher – The rest of the counter may be max 36 AFF but we do not recommend it in order to comply with the side reach over an obstruction rule at

24 Lo-Hi Sink Counter in Staff Lounge

25 Side Reach Over Obstruction

26 Notable Technical Changes 7 Roll-in showers may now have thresholds – max ½ high if beveled both sides – Rubber shower dams OK Grab bars diameter relaxed – now 1-1/4 – 2 – Shower and tub seat sections have been rewritten and illustrated – & 3

27 New Tub Illustrations

28 Notable Technical Changes 8 Room ID sign mounting height has changed to min 48 bottom of bottom text row to max 60 bottom of top text row.

29 Notable Technical Changes 9 Assembly area lines of site have been carefully defined. See section 802.

30 Notable Technical Changes 10 Dressing, Fitting & Locker Rooms – 803 – Must have a bench – Door cannot swing inward *unless* you have a wheelchair CFS beyond the arc of the door. – You must have a turning space within the room if you have a door – If other dressing rooms have doors then the ADA dressing room must also – you must have similar levels of privacy. – Coat hooks max 48 AFF in the ADA dressing room – Shelves shall be AFF top of shelf

31 New dressing bench style and CFS updated 903

32 ANSI 2009 Bench CFS

33 Newly Added 2010 ADA Sections In Chapter 8 – Special Rooms & Spaces Kitchens Holding & Housing Cells 808 – Courtrooms 809 – Residential Dwelling Units All new Chapter 10 – Recreational Amusement Rides Boating Exercise Machines Fishing Piers Golf Mini Golf Play area (playgrounds) Pools & Spas Shooting Range Firing Positions

34 Which rules cover our facility? Answer: Both federal & local rules apply Comply with the Most Stringent Rule. Make allowances for the cost of reviews or for fixing design errors. Include notes in the CDs that alert the contractor to obscure ADA requirements. Insure that your civil makes the site fully accessible with correct signage and striping. Ensure your lobbies and public RRs comply.

35 Federal Accessibility violations are civil rights issues enforced by civil suit. Courts have the final word but DOJ sometimes issues opinions. IBC is enforced by the local & state building permit department. The local Building Official (BO) has the final word about IBC rules. Usually the local Building Officials do not mention anything about the federal rules. Federal ADA system vs IBC accessibility

36 The IBC and accessibility IBC is a model code – like ADAAG Is not a legal standard until adopted by a government authority IBC Chapter 11 is accessibility scoping IBC Chapter 10, Section 1007 covers accessible egress IBC Chapter 9 covers alarms including strobes ANSI contains the technical rules

37 ANSI A117.1 only covers technical rules – IBC has the scoping ANSI, like IBC, is created & modified by the International Code Council. ANSI serves as the framework for ADA ANSI & ADA are closely aligned and are getting closer.

38 Some differences - IBC vs ADA (1) Chapter 11 scoping is structured differently although provisions are similar. ADA has mandatory provisions that are optional in IBC. ( in Appendix E, which must be adopted separately) Examples are: – Transient Lodging rules – Portable toilets, ATMs & vending – Telephones – Signage – Transportation Facilities & Bus Stops

39 Some differences - IBC vs ADA (2) Recreational Facilities are not covered in IBC- 09 and ANSI-03 The IBC-12 references the new ANSI-09 which *does* cover Recreational Facilities. States are working on adopting 2012 now. Expect to see these adopted in many states over the next 3 years. Some may skip from 2003 or 2006 to 2012.

40 Some differences - IBC vs ADA (3) ANSI assembly area rules are more precise. ANSI requires vertical grab bars in toilet rooms, but not ADA. IBC mandates an ISA sign at Accessible Loading Zones. This should be included in building signage if the civil does not include it.

41 PLZ Sign

42 Some differences - IBC vs ADA (4) IBC defines fire door opening forces ( ). ADA defers to the local authority. IBC limits Non-Accessible ramps to 1:8 slope (1010.2). ADA does not address non- accessible ramps. ANSI says curb ramps must be located or protected to prevent obstruction by parked vehicles. Not always possible to comply.


44 Some differences - IBC vs ADA (5) IBC 1009 covers stairway design in exact detail. ADA is less stringent. In both codes showers may have thresholds max ½ high AFF. Transfer shower thresholds do not have to be beveled, roll-ins *do*. ADA has rules for saunas at 612, IBC does not.

45 Summary of Recent ADA Changes The updated 2012 Standards has about 250 changes from the 1991 ADAAG. North Carolina has been retired in almost all jurisdictions. IBC/ANSI are mostly the same but provisions are often more complex and structured very differently.

46 Thank You for Coming! Copyright 2012 Michael Allen and Code Able, Inc

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