Presentation on theme: "Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation"— Presentation transcript:
1Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation Chapter 3Building BlocksTexas Department of Licensing and Regulation2012 Texas Accessibility Standards
2Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation Architectural Barriers Program
3This presentation will identify the compliance requirements of the 2012 Texas Accessibility Standards (TAS).
4The elements and spaces to be discussed during this presentation are addressed in Chapter 3 and in limited cases, Chapter 2, of the TAS and include the following:
5Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements 204 Protruding Objects 205 Operable PartsChapter 3: Building Blocks301General302Floor or Ground Surfaces303Changes in Level304Turning Space305Clear Floor or Ground Space306Knee and Toe Clearance307308Reach Ranges309
7Chapter 3 - Building Blocks The provisions of Chapter 3 shall apply where required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this document (301.1).
8What are Building Blocks? Defined as: “Elements or components contributing to a plan or system.”308 Reach Ranges309 Operable Parts307 Protruding Objects302 Floor or Ground Surfaces303 Changes in Level304 Turning Space305 Clear Floor or Ground Space306 Knee and Toe ClearanceThe components of Chapter 3 create the basic system for building accessible rooms, elements, and spaces.
9302 Floor or Ground Surfaces Technical: 302302 Floor or Ground Surfaces
10Floor or Ground Surfaces 302.1 GeneralFloor or Ground SurfacesFloor or ground surfaces shall be stable, firm, and slip resistant and shall comply with 302.The following excerpts from Advisory address the minimum requirements for stable, firm, and slip resistant surfaces.
11What is a stable surface? One that remains unchanged by contaminants or applied force, so that when the contaminant or force is removed, the surface returns to its original condition.Grass and sod surfaces are not prohibited, however, they typically will not meet this criteria.
12do not meet this criteria. What is a firm surface?One that resists deformation by either indentations or particles moving on its surface.Soft or loose materials such as sand, gravel, bark, mulch, or wood chips surfacesdo not meet this criteria.
13What is slip resistance? One that provides sufficient frictional counterforce to the forces exerted in walking to permit safe ambulation.Slip resistance is the most controversial and difficult to measure since there are many types of surfaces and testing methods and compliance is applicable when wet or dry.In 2009, the National Floor Safety Institute issued the ANSI/NFSI B101.1 which is a new national safety standard for testing dry, hard surfaces.
14It was recommended to DOJ that they apply an American Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM) standard (with modifications) to the 2010 SAD to assess whether or not a floor surface is "slip resistant”…DOJ declined the recommendation since there is no generally accepted test method for the slip-resistance of all walking surfaces under all conditions.
15However, DOJ did include ASTM standards in the 2010 SAD applicable to safe surfaces under and around playground equipment.ASTM standards are referenced in:(Referenced Standards)(Play Areas: Ground Surfaces)
16“ADA /TAS – Seal of Approval”? What surfaces have the“ADA /TAS – Seal of Approval”?ADA-ApprovedNone…neither DOJ nor TDLR endorses or approves any products or manufacturers.ADA-CertifiedTAS-CompliantCompliance is typically dependent on theinstallation and maintenance.
17(Concrete with small pebbles) Example:Exposed Aggregate(Concrete with small pebbles)Some factors that affect compliance with 302:Size of aggregateTamping and leveling of the aggregate
18302.1 Floor or Ground Surface Exception 1Within animal containment areas, floor and ground surfaces shall not be required to be stable, firm,or slip resistant.Not applicable to public circulation routes where animals may travel, such as in petting zoos (Advisory ).
19302.1 Floor or Ground Surface Exception 2 Areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 302.Area of Sport Activity. That portion of a room or space where the play or practice of a sport occurs ( ).
20302.2 Carpet Carpet or carpet tile shall: be securely attached have a firm cushion, pad or backing or no cushion or pad.
21302.2 Carpet, Contd.Level Cut PileCarpet or carpet tile shall have a level loop, textured loop, level cut pile, or level cut/uncut pile texture.PadPile height shall be exceed ½” maximum.Thickness is measured to the backing, cushion, or pad (302.2 Advisory).
22302.2 Carpet, Contd.Exposed edges of carpet shall be fastened to floor surfaces and shall have trim on the entire length of the exposed edge.Carpet trim shall comply with 303.
23Roll Resistance Carpets and permanently affixed mats can significantly increase theamount of force (roll resistance) needed to propel a wheelchair over a surface (Advisory 302.2).The firmer the carpeting and backing, the lower the roll resistance (Advisory 302.2).
24No longer called “gratings” 302.3 OpeningsNo longer called “gratings”Openings in floor or ground surfaces shall not allow passage of a sphere more than ½” diameter except as allowed.Elongated openingsshall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular to the dominant direction of travel.
26303.1 Changes in Level General Where changes in level are permitted in floor or ground surfaces, they shall comply with 303.Where changes in level are not permitted,the surface must be level(slope of 1:48 max.).
27Changes in Level Not Permitted Turning Space (304.2)*Clear Floor and Ground Space (305.2)*Door Maneuvering Clearance ( )*Ramp Runs (405.4)Landings ( )**Slopes not steeper than 1:48 permitted.
28Changes in Level Not Permitted Parking Spaces and Access Aisles (502.4)*Passenger Loading Zones (503.4)*Stair Treads (504.4)*Surfaces- Assembly Wheelchair Spaces ( )**Slopes not steeper than 1:48 permitted.
29303.1 Changes in Level Exception 1 Animal containment areas shall not be required to comply with 303.Not applicable to public circulation routes alongside animal pens in a State Fairs ( Advisory).
30303.1 Changes in Level Exception 2 Areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 303.
31303.2 Vertical Changes in Level Changes in level of 1/4 inch high maximum shall be permitted to be vertical.
32303.3 Beveled Changes in Level Changes in level between 1/4 inch high minimum and 1/2 inch high maximum shall be beveled with a slope no steeper than 1:12.
33303.4 RampsChanges in levelChanges in level greater than 1/2 inch shall be ramped, and shall comply with 405 (ramps) or 406 (curb ramps).
35304.2 Floor or Ground Surfaces Turning SpacesFloor and ground surfaces of a turning space shall comply with 302.Changes in level are not permitted.
36304.2 Floor or Ground Surfaces ExceptionSlopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
37304.3 SizeTurning SpaceTurning space shall comply with andCircular Space( )T-Shaped Space( )
38Circular SpaceThe turning space shall be a space 60 inches diameter minimum.The space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance complying with 306.
39T-Shaped SpaceThe turning space shall be a T-shaped space within a 60 inch square minimum with arms and a base 36 inches wide minimum.ArmArms – shall be clear of obstructions 12” minimum in each direction.Base – shall be clear of obstructions 24” minimum.Base
40T-Shaped Space, Contd.The space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance complying with 306 only at the end of either the base or one arm.(See Advisory )EXAMPLE:Knee and toe clearance atbase of “T”60” front of “T” shall always be unobstructed.BaseArm
41304.4 Door Swing Turning Space Doors shall be permitted to swing into turning spaces.
42305 Clear Floor or Ground Space Technical: 305305 Clear Floor or Ground Space
43305.2 Floor or Ground SpaceFloor or ground surfaces of a clear floor or ground space shall comply with 302.Changes in level are not permitted.
44305.2 Floor or Ground Space Exception Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
45305.3 SizeThe clear floor or ground space shall be 30 inches minimum by 48 inches minimum.
46Unless Otherwise Specified… 305.4 Knee and Toe ClearanceUnless Otherwise Specified……clear floor or ground space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance.
47Unless Otherwise Specified… 305.5 PositionUnless Otherwise Specified……clear floor or ground space shall be positioned for either a forward or parallel approach to an element.
48305.6 ApproachOne full unobstructed side of the clear floor or ground space shall adjoin an accessible route or adjoin another clear floor or ground space.
49305.7 Maneuvering Clearance AlcovesWhere a clear floor or ground space is located in an alcove or otherwise confined on all or part of three sides, additional maneuvering clearance shall be provided in accordance with and
50The depth shall exceed 24 inches on both sides of the alcove depth. Forward ApproachAlcovesAlcoves shall be 36 inches wide minimum where the depth exceeds 24 inches.The depth shall exceed 24 inches on both sides of the alcove depth.
51The depth shall exceed 15 inches on both sides of the alcove depth. Parallel ApproachAlcovesAlcoves shall be 60 inches wide minimum where the depth exceeds 15 inches.The depth shall exceed 15 inches on both sides of the alcove depth.
53Where Required Drinking Fountains Lavatories and Sinks Dining and Work SurfacesCounters (forward approach)Knee & Toe ClearanceExcerpt from
54306.1 Knee and Toe ClearanceWhere space beneath an element is included as part of clear floor or ground space or turning space, the space shall comply with 306.Additional space shall not be prohibited beneath an element but shall not be considered part of the clear floor or ground space or turning space.
55Example: Additional Space Maximum depth for knee and toe clearance is 25 inches. If the depth of the floor space is 36 inches; the additional 11 inches cannot be part of the 60 inch turning space.Clearances are measured in relation to the usable clear floor space and the space should be clear of obstructions (306.1 Advisory).36”
58Toe ClearanceSpace under an element between the finish floor or ground and 9 inches above the finish floor or ground shall be considered toe clearance.9”Excerpt fromFinish Floor or Ground
59306.2.2 Minimum Depth 306.2.3 Minimum Required Depth Toe clearance shall extend 25” maximum under an element.MinimumRequired DepthWhere toe clearance is required at an element as part of a clear floor space, the toe clearance shall extend 17” minimum under the element.17” min;25” max9”
61306.2.4 Additional Clearance Space extending more than 6 inches beyond the available kneeclearance at 9 inchesabove the finish flooror ground shall not beconsidered toe clearance.
62Clearance past 16” is not toe clearance.* Example:Additional ClearanceIf available knee clearance is 10 inches at 9 inches; any space extending more than 6 inches beyond 11 inches (10” + 6” = 16”) would not be considered toe clearance.9”11”6”*17” minimumrequired byClearance past 16” is not toe clearance.*
63*Also applicable to the width of the knee clearance based on 306.3.5. Toe clearance shall be 30 inches wide minimum.*30” min.*Also applicable to the width of the knee clearance based on
66Knee ClearanceSpace under an element between 9 inches and 27 inches above the finish floor or ground shall be considered knee clearance.27”9”Excerpt from
67Minimum depth is 11” based on 303.3.3. Maximum DepthKnee clearance shall extend 25 inches maximum under an element at 9 inches.Minimum depth is 11” based on25” max.9”
68Maximum depth is 25” based on 303.3.2. MinimumRequired DepthKnee clearance shall extend:11 inches deep minimum at 9 inches.8 inches deep minimum at 27 inches.27”8” min.11” min.9”Maximum depth is 25” based on
69Clearance ReductionBetween 9 inches and 27 inches above the finish floor or ground, the knee clearance shall be permitted to reduce at a rate of 1 inch for each 6 inches in height.9”27”Slope 1:6Excerpt from
70Summary: Maximum Depths Toe and Knee ClearanceToe clearance shall extend 25 inches maximum under an element ( ).Knee clearance shall extend 25 inches maximum under an element at 9 inches ( ).Excerpt from
71Summary: Clearances Toe and Knee Excerpt from U.S. ACCESS BOARD TECHNICAL GUIDE
73204.1 Protruding ObjectsProtruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with 307.These requirements address barriers to persons that are blind or visually impaired or even persons that are temporarily distracted.
74Circulation Path. An exterior or interior way of passage provided for pedestrian travel, including but not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, elevators, platform lifts, ramps, stairways, and landings ( ).Circulation paths can be identified by wearing a blindfold like many people do on White Cane Day, a national observance in the United States celebrated on October 15 of each year since 1964.
75204.1 Protruding Objects Exception 1 Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 309.
76204.1 Protruding Objects Exception 2 Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths are not required to comply with 307 provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with
78307.2 Protrusion Limits Protruding Objects Objects with leading edges more than 27 inches and not more than 80 inches above the finish floor or ground shall protrude 4 inches maximum horizontally into the circulation path.
84Typical Toilet Room Examples: Protruding ObjectsHand dryers and towel dispensersShelvesDiaper changing tables**Applicable in open and closed position.
85Post-Mounted ObjectsThis section addresses two different types of post-mounted objects:Free-standing object mounted on posts or pylons.Signs or other obstructions mounted between posts or pylons.
86307.3 Post-Mounted Objects On Posts or Pylons Free-standing objects mounted on posts or pylons shall overhang circulation paths:80”27”12” max.12 inches maximum when located between 27 inches minimum and 80 inches maximum.
87307.3 Post-Mounted Objects Between Posts or Pylons Where a sign or other obstruction is mounted between posts or pylons and the clear distance between the posts or pylons is greater than 12 inches:The lowest edge of such sign or obstruction shall be 27 inches maximum or 80 inches minimum.
88307.3 Post-Mounted Objects Exception The sloping portions of handrails serving stairs and ramps are not required to comply with34” – 38” allowed for the sloped portion of handrails in lieu of 27” maximum required bySloped portionThis does not apply to the handrailextensions which shall be horizontal( and ).
89307.4 Vertical Clearance Shall be 80 inches high minimum. Guardrails or other barriers shall be provided where the vertical clearance is less than 80 inches high.The leading edge of such guardrail or barrier shall be located 27 inches maximum.
90Potential Protruding Objects Examples:Potential Protruding ObjectsSlanted walls can also be protruding objects.
91307.4 Vertical Clearance Exception Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (in lieu of 80 inches) minimum above the finish floor or ground.
92307.5 Required Clear WidthProtruding objects shall not reduce the clear width required for accessible routes.
94308 Reach Ranges New 54 inches no longer allowed for high side reach. 9 inches no longer allowed for low side reach.48” maximum high and 15 inches minimum low is required for both unobstructed side and forward reach ranges (308.2 & 308.3).
95Reach ranges shall comply with 308. Permitted: Children’s Reach RangesRequired: Adult Reach RangesIf the option for children’s reach ranges is not used; adult reach ranges is required.
97These dimensions apply to either forward or side reaches. Advisory Reach RangesChildren’s UseThe following table provides guidance on reach ranges for children according to age where building elements such as coat hooks, lockers, or operable parts are designed for use primarily by children. These dimensions apply to either forward or side reaches.
98Children's Reach Ranges Children’s reach ranges are advisory since the reach ranges shown in this table are also allowed for adults.Advisory GeneralChildren's Reach RangesForward or Side ReachAges 3 and 4Ages 5 through 8Ages 9through 12High (max)36 in(915 mm)40 in(1015 mm)44 in(1120 mm)Low (min)20 in(510 mm)18 in(455 mm)16 in(405 mm)
99Example: Not a Violation Unobstructed Forward Reach.48 inches maximum and 15 inches minimum.A reach of 44” maximum and 16” minimum (as recommended for children) is not a violation of
100Advisory 308.1, Contd. Children’s Use Accessible elements and operable parts designed for adult use or children over age 12 can be located outside these ranges but shall be within the adult reach ranges.
102308.2.1 Unobstructed Forward Reach Where a forward reach is unobstructed, the following is required:High Forward Reach: 48 inches maximum.Low Forward Reach: 15 inches minimum.
103308.2.2 Obstructed High Reach Forward Reach Where a high forward reach is over an obstruction, the clear floor space shall extend beneath the element for a distance not less than the required reach depth over the obstruction.18” clear floor space18” obstructionExample:If the obstruction is 18” deep; the clear floor space must extend at least 18” beneath the element.
104308.2.2 Obstructed Reach, Contd. Forward ReachWhere the reach depth is 20 inches maximum:High Forward Reach: 48 inches maximum.
107308.3.1 Unobstructed Side Reach Where a clear floor or ground space allows a parallel approach to an element and the side reach is unobstructed:High Side Reach:48 inches maximum.Low Side Reach:15 inches minimum.
108308.3.1 Unobstructed Side Reach Unacceptable Examples Exception 1An obstruction shall be permitted between the clear floor or ground space and the element where the depth of the obstruction is 10 inches maximum.Unacceptable Examples
109308.3.1 Unobstructed Side Reach Exception 2Operable parts of fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 inches maximum from the surface of the vehicular way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.
110308.3.2 Obstructed High Reach Side Reach Where a clear floor or ground space allows a parallel approach to an element and the high side reach is over an obstruction:Height of Obstruction: 34 inches maximum.Depth of Obstruction: 24 inches maximum.
111308.3.2 Obstructed High Reach Exception 1 The top of washing machines and clothes dryers shall be permitted to be 36 inches high maximum above the finish floor.
112308.3.2 Obstructed High Reach Exception 2 Operable parts of fuel dispensers are permitted to be 54 inches maximum from the surface of the vehicular way if installed on existing curbs.
113308.3.2 Obstructed Reach, Contd. Side ReachWhere the reach depth is 10 inches maximum:High Side Reach:48 inches maximum.Reach Depth:10 inches maximum.
114308.3.2 Obstructed Reach, Contd. Side ReachWhere the reach depth exceeds 10 inches:High Side Reach:46 inches maximum.Reach Depth:24 inches maximum.
116205.1 Operable PartsOperable parts on accessible elements, accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with 309.Operable Part: A component of an element used to insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the element ( ).
117Examples of environmental controls: Controls subject to compliance with 309 include, but are not limited to:light switchescircuit breakersduplexes and other convenience receptaclesenvironmental and appliance controlsplumbing fixture controlssecurity and intercom systemsExamples of environmental controls:ThermostatSkylightCeiling Fan
118205.1 Operable Parts Exception 1 Operable parts that are intendedfor use only by service or maintenance personnel are not required to comply with 309.Machinery spaces frequented only by service personnel are also exempted by
119205.1 Operable Parts Exception 2 Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with 309.Dedicated use receptacles are typically set up with its own circuit breaker or line and intended for a single use such as a stove or closed-circuit telephone or security camera.
1201 of these 3 outlets is not required to comply. 205.1 Operable PartsException 3Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet is not be required to comply with 309.ElectricaloutletExample:1 of these 3 outlets is not required to comply.
121205.1 Operable Parts Exception 4 Floor electrical outlets shall not be required to comply with 309.
122HVAC diffusers are exempt environmental controls. 205.1 Operable PartsException 5HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with 309.HVAC diffusers are exempt environmental controls.
123Examples of accessible light switches: 205.1 Operable PartsException 6Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with 309.Examples of accessible light switches:
124205.1 Operable Parts Exception 7 Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be required to comply with (height).This exception does not applyto any other requirements of 309.
125205.1 Operable Parts Exception 8 Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be required to comply with 309.
127309.2 Clear Floor Space Operable Parts A clear floor or ground space complying with 305 shall be provided.
128Ceiling fan and light controls 309.3 HeightOperable PartsClear Floor SpaceElectrical outletCeiling fan and light controlsOperable parts shall be placed within one or more of the reach ranges specified in 308.
129309.4 Operation Operable Parts Operable parts shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist.The force required to activate operable parts shall be 5 pounds maximum.
130309.4 OperationExceptionGas pump nozzles shall not be required to provide operable parts that have an activating force of 5 pounds maximum.This exception does not apply toany other requirements of 309.
131Examples of accessible faucets: Rule of ThumbIf a faucet or other operable part can be operated with a closed fist and it takes less than 5 pounds force to operate, then it would be considered an accessible operable part.Examples of accessible faucets:
134Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and Fuel Dispensers 228.1 DepositoriesVending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and Fuel DispensersWhere provided, atleast one of each typeof depository, vending machine, change machine, and fuel dispenser shall comply with 309.
135228.1 Depositories Exception Drive-up only depositories shall not be required to comply with 309 (operable parts).Depositories include, but are not limited to, night receptacles in banks, post offices, video stores, and libraries (228.1 Advisory).
136228.2 Mail BoxesWhere mail boxes are provided in an interior location, at least 5%, but no fewer than one, of each type shall comply with 309.
137228.2 Mail BoxesIn residential facilities, where mail boxes are provided for each residential dwelling unit, mail boxes complying with 309 shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with throughResidential Facilities Include:Crew Quarters forEmergency Response PersonnelSocial Service EstablishmentsGraduate Student and FacultyHousing at Places of Education
139229 WindowsWhen glazed openings are provided in accessible rooms or spaces for operation by occupants, at least one opening shall comply 309.Each glazed opening required by an administrative authority to operable shall comply with 309.
140229.1 WindowsException 1Glazed openings in residential dwelling units required to comply with 809 shall not be required to comply with 229.
141229.1 WindowsException 2Glazed openings in guest rooms required to provide communication features and in guest rooms required to comply with (accessible doors only) shall not be required to comply with 229.
142Applicable when open and when closed. Operable elements shall also comply with requirements for protruding objects (307.2, Advisory).Example:Casement windows, when open, cannot encroach more than 4 inches into circulation paths (307.2 Advisory).Applicable when open and when closed.
143Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions Where shooting facilities with firing positions are designed and constructed at a site, at least 5%, but no fewer than one, of each type of firing position shall comply with 1010 (243.1).A circular turning space 60” diameter minimum with slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be provided at shooting facilities with firing positions (1010.1).
145Website developed through a contract with DBTAC* and the U.S. Access Board*Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center
146U.S. Department of Justice Guidance on the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible DesignTitle II – Revised*Title III – Revised*Primer for Small Businesses*Appendix A to each regulation includes a section-by-section analysis of the rule and responses to public comments on the proposed rule.*Appendix B to the title III regulation discusses major changes in the 2010 ADA and responds to public comments received on the proposed rules.
147Fair Housing Design Manual U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)Fair Housing Design Manual
148Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation 2012 TASTechnical AssistanceToll Free in Texas(512) (Phone)(512) (Fax)
149United States Access Board 2010 ADATechnical AssistanceVoice: (202) or (800) TTY: (202) or (800)