Presentation on theme: "Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation"— Presentation transcript:
1Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation Kitchens, Kitchenettes &Comparable SpacesTexas Accessibility Standards
2Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation Architectural Barriers Program
3This presentation will identify the compliance requirements of the 2012 Texas Accessibility Standards (TAS) for kitchens, kitchenettes, and other comparable spaces such as break rooms.
4Kitchens, Kitchenettes, This topic is also addressed in:RAS BulletinKitchens, Kitchenettes,andComparable SpacesThe contents of this bulletin have been incorporatedinto this presentation.
5Portions of the following scoping and technical sections of the 2012 TAS will be discussed during this presentation:
6Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements 106.3 Undefined Terms 201.1 Scope 212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks225StorageChapter 6: Plumbing Elements and Facilities606SinksChapter 8: Special Rooms, Spaces, and Elements804Kitchens and Kitchenettes811
8106.3 Undefined TermsThe meaning of terms not specifically defined in or in regulations issued by TDLR to implement Chapter 469, or in referenced standards, are as defined by collegiate dictionaries in the sense that the context implies.The following terms are not defined in TAS, therefore, based on 106.3, they shall have the following meanings:
9Kitchen Kitchenette A place (as a room) with cooking facilities. A small kitchen or alcove containing cooking facilities.These terms are used interchangeably.Excerpt from
10Cooking FacilitiesThis term is not defined in collegiate dictionaries, however, “Cook” means “To prepare food for eating especially by means of heat.”Therefore, based on this definition and input from the U.S. Access Board, cooking facilities shall include the following:RangeOvenCooktopMicrowave OvenConvection OvenExcerpt from
11A bar used for purposes other than drink preparation is not a wet bar. A bar for mixing drinks that contains only a sink with running water.A bar used for purposes other than drink preparation is not a wet bar.
13201.1 ScopeThese standards apply to fixed or built-in elements of buildings…
14Since TAS only applies to fixed or built-in elements based on 201 Since TAS only applies to fixed or built-in elements based on 201.1, the “cooking facilities” provided in a space must be fixed or built-in for the space to be considered a kitchen or kitchenette.The following is the criteria to be used when determining if an appliance is fixed or built-in:
15FixedThe appliance is attached to a cabinet, shelf, or other surfaces or to a gas supply.Built-InThe cabinetry design or location of utilities (i.e. gas supply or 220V electrical outlet) creates a dedicated shelf or space for the appliance.The following are examples offixed and built-in cooking facilities:
16Fixed Microwave OvensAttached to CabinetAttached to Shelf
17Built-In Microwave Ovens Cabinetry design and location of electrical outletcreates dedicated space for the microwave oven.
18Built-In Convection Oven Cabinetry design and location of 220V outlet creates a dedicated space for the convection oven.
24Built-In Cooking Facilities Spaces With Fixed orBuilt-In Cooking FacilitiesThe space must comply with 212 and 804 if at least one of the following fixed or built-in cooking facilities is provided:RangeOvenCooktopMicrowave OvenConvection Oven
25Spaces Without Fixed or Built-In Cooking Facilities The space is not required to comply with 212 and 804 if no fixed or built-in cooking facilities are provided.However, the space must stillcomply with applicable provisions of TAS.
26This space has no fixed or built-in cooking facilities Example: NOT a KitchenThis space has no fixed or built-in cooking facilities
27Compliance Requirements Not a Kitchen:Compliance RequirementsCompliance with TAS is based on the elements provided.Example:Typical requirements for spaces that are not kitchensOperable parts must comply with 309 based on 205.At least one of each type of storage must comply with 309 based on5% of the sinks must comply with 606 based on
28Counter Height Not a Kitchen No counter height requirement (except at a sink) for spaces that are not kitchens since is applicable only to work surfaces in residential and transient lodging kitchens.Example: Storage and operable parts must comply but not the counter height.Excerpt from
33201.1 ScopeThese requirements (TAS) are to be applied to all areas of a facility:Unless exempted* orWhere scoping limits the number of multiple elements required to be accessible.*Exemptions are identified in Rule and TAS 203 and will not be discussed during this presentation.
34common and public use spaces? How does apply tocommon and public use spaces?Common and public use spaces (defined below) such as break rooms and classroom kitchens are not exempted by Rule or TAS 203.Common Use: …spaces made available for the shared use of two or more people. ( ).Public Use: …spaces in privately or publically owned buildings that are made available to the public. ( ).
35Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes, In addition, the scoping for kitchens (noted below) does not limit the number of common or public use kitchens required to be accessible.Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes,and sinks shall comply with 212. (212.1).Therefore, 100% of all common and public use kitchens must be accessible.
36The following slides identify additional entities that must comply with 804 (Kitchens and Kitchenettes).
38Residential Facilities Residential facilities include the following:Social Service Establishments(See 224.1, Exception 2)Graduate Student and Faculty Housing(See 224.6, Exception 3)Crew Quarters for Emergency Response Personnel (See RAS Bulletin )
39809 Residential Dwelling Units 809.3 Kitchen. Where a kitchen is provided, it shall comply with 804.Excerpt from
40Major Differences Between Kitchens in Residential Facilities & Other Kitchens Accessible work surface is required based on (optional in other types of kitchens but recommended except in housing at a place of education based on Exception 1).Knee and toe spaces under sinks and work surfaces can contain cabinetry if the exception criteria of 606.3(2) and are met.804.3 and the referenced exceptions will be discussed later in the presentation.
42Transient Lodging Facilities Transient lodging facilities include the following:Hotels, Motels, and Other Places of Lodging Including Timeshares (224.1)Housing at a Place of Education (224.6 and Exception 1)
43806 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms 806.2 Guest Rooms with Mobility FeaturesKitchens and Kitchenettes.Kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with 804.Excerpt from
45Not Required to be Accessible Employee Work AreasNot Required to be AccessibleEmployee work areas are not required to be accessible except to the extent required by based on the following definition:All or any portion of a space used only by employees and used only for work ( ).
46Examples: Employee Work Areas RestaurantKitchenWork Area of Demonstration Kitchen
47Required to be Accessible Break RoomsRequired to be AccessibleKitchenettes and break rooms are not employee work areas also based on the definition of “Employee Work Area” in
53Pass Through Kitchen 804.2 Clearance Where a pass through kitchen is provided, clearances shall comply with
54Pass Through KitchensIn pass through kitchens where counters, appliances or cabinets are on two opposing sides, or where counters, appliances or cabinets are opposite a parallel wall, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, counter tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 40” minimum.
55804.1 Advisory Measuring Clearances Clearances are measured from the furthest projecting face of all opposing:base cabinetscounter topsapplianceswalls……excluding hardware.
56Pass through kitchens shall have two entries (804.2.1). Cabinets on opposing sides.Cabinets opposite a wall.40” min.40” min.
57Example: Measuring Clearances Furthest projecting face of applianceFurthest projecting face of wallAB40” min.
58Example: Measuring Clearances Measured from all opposing base cabinets
59U-Shaped Kitchen 804.2 Clearance Where a U-shaped kitchen is provided, clearances shall comply with
60U-Shaped KitchenIn U-shaped kitchens enclosed on three contiguous sides, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, counter tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 60” minimum.
61Acceptable: The 30” clear floor space for the work surface can be used as part of a T-shape turning space, if the clear floor space is increased to 36” ( Advisory).EXAMPLE:Knee and toe clearance atbase of “T”.60” front of “T” shall always be unobstructed.BaseArm
62Unacceptable: Both clearances cannot be used under the work surface and the sink, as part of a T-shape turning space, since the knee and toe clearance is permitted only:ArmAt the end of the baseorOne arm.Base(see and )
63Clear Floor Space in Alcoves A forward approach requires 6” of additional maneuvering clearance when the clear floor space is located in an alcove deeper than 24” ( ). >24”>24”36”If, therefore, the counter depth is more than 24”, the clear floor space must be 36” min. in lieu of 30” min. ( ).
64(Spaces without Cooktop or Range) 804.2 Exception:Clearances(Spaces without Cooktop or Range)Spaces that do not provide a cooktop or conventional range are not required to comply with the clearance requirements of (804.2 Exception).
65These U-shaped kitchen designs can be used without the 60” clearance where there is no conventional range or cooktop is provided based on the Exception to
67804.3 Kitchen Work SurfaceIn residential dwelling units required to comply with 809, at least one 30” wide minimum section of counter shall provide a kitchen work surface that complies withResidential Dwelling Units Required to Comply with 809Social Service Establishments224.1, Exception 1Crew Quarters for Emergency Response PersonnelGraduate Student and Faculty Housing at Places of Education224.6, Exception 3
68Housing at a Place of Education Kitchen Work SurfaceHousing at a Place of EducationAlthough housing at a place of education is subject to transient lodging requirements based on 224.6, kitchen work surfaces must also comply with based on 224.6, Exception 1.**Exception: Housing for graduate students and faculty is subject to residential requirements based on (3).
69804.3.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space: Kitchen Work Surface A clear floor space complying with 305 positioned for a forward approach shall be provided.The clear floor or ground space shall be centered on the kitchen work surface and shall provide knee and toe clearance complying with 306.
70804.3.1 Exception: Clear Floor Space: Kitchen Work Surface Cabinetry is permitted under the kitchen work surface provided that all of the following conditions are met:(a) the cabinetry can be removed without removal or replacement of the kitchen work surface;(b) the finish floor extends under the cabinetry; and(c) the walls behind and surrounding the cabinetry are finished.
71Example: Removal Cabinetry Standard sinkKnee clearancePipe protectionFair Housing Design Manual
72804.3.2 Height Kitchen Work Surface The kitchen work surface shall be 34” maximum above the finish floor or ground.
73Height: Kitchen Work Surface Exception:Height: Kitchen Work SurfaceA counter that is adjustable to provide a kitchen work surface at variable heights, 29” minimum and 36” maximum is permitted ( Exception)
74804.3.3 Exposed Surfaces Kitchen Work Surface There shall be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under the work surface counters.This requirement was formerly onlyapplicable to sinks and lavatories.
75Kitchens and Kitchenettes 804.4 SinksKitchens and Kitchenettes
76804.4 Sinks Sinks shall comply with 606. The sinks required by are considered “kitchen” sinks for purposes of compliance with 606.2, Exception 1.
78606.1 SinksIf soap and towel dispensers are provided, they shall be located within the reach ranges specified in 308 (606.1 Advisory).
79606.2 Clear Floor Space The following shall be provided: Clear floor space complying with 305.Positioned for a forward approach.Knee and toe clearance complying with 306.Unless specifically noted in the standards, clear floor space is not required to be centered on the element.
80606.2 Exception 1: Clear Floor Space Kitchen Sinks A parallel approach complying with 305 shall be permitted to a kitchen sink in a space:Where a cook top or conventional range is not provided (606.2 Exception 1)
81Kitchen Not a Kitchen Parallel approach Front approach With cooking facility;Must comply with 212 and 804.Parallel approachallowed to kitchen sink based on 606.2, Exception 1 since there is no cooktop or stove.Not a KitchenNo cooking facilities; Must comply with applicable provisions of TAS.Front approachrequired since Exception 1 is applicable only to kitchen sinks.
82Length of Accessible Sink Counter 30” min. length of accessible sink counter required for a forward approach (305.5).48” min. length of counter required for a parallel approach (305.5).Forward Approach (305.5)Parallel Approach (305.5)
83606.2 Exception 1, Contd.: Clear Floor Space Wet Bars A parallel approach complying with 305 shall be permitted to wet bars (606.2, Exception 1)Example: Wet Bar
84Clear Floor Space: Lavatories/Sinks Residential Dwelling Units 606.2 Exception 3:Clear Floor Space: Lavatories/SinksResidential Dwelling UnitsIn residential dwelling units, cabinetry shall be permitted under lavatories and kitchen sinks provided that all of the following conditions are met:(a) the cabinetry can be removed without removal or replacement of the fixture;(b) the finish floor extends under the cabinetry; and(c) the walls behind and surrounding the cabinetry are finished.
85Examples: Removal Cabinetry A kitchen sink and a lavatory (in a residential dwelling unit) that meets the criteria under 606.2, Exception 3 (a),(b),&(c).When the cabinetry is removed to allow for the clear floor space, it is important that exposed pipes and surfaces comply with
86606.2 Exception 4 & 5: Clear Floor Space Children’s Use 6 through 12 years:Knee clearance of 24” min. above the finish floor or ground is permitted at lavatories and sinks where rim or counter surface is 31” maximum (606.2 Exception 4).5 years and younger:A parallel approach is permitted to lavatories and sinks (606.2 Exception 5).Clear floor space not required to be centered on the elementexcept where specified in the standards
87606.2 Exception 6: Clear Floor Space Overflow The dip of the overflow is not considered in determining knee and toe clearances.
88606.2 Exception 7: Clear Floor Space Multi-Bowl Sink No more than one bowl of a multi-bowl sink is required to provide knee and toe clearance.
89Sink: DepthNo specific requirements in the 2012 TAS for sink depth since depth is dependent on the approach allowed or required.Forward Approach:27” min. knee clearance ( ).34” maximum sink height (606.3).Typically, the maximum sink depth will be 7”.Parallel Approach:Knee clearance not required so no maximum sink depth.
90606.3 Height SinksSinks shall be installed with the front of the higher of the rim or counter surface 34” maximum above the finish floor or ground (606.3).
91Residential Dwelling Units 606.3 Exception 2:Height: Kitchen SinkResidential Dwelling UnitsIn residential dwelling unit kitchens, sinks that are adjustable to variable heights, 29” minimum and 36” maximum are permitted where rough-in plumbing permits connections of supply and drain pipes for sinks mounted at the height of 29” (603.3 Exception 2).
92606.4 Faucets 606.5 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces Faucet controls shall comply with operable part requirements in 309 (606.4).Hand operated metering faucets shall remain open 10 seconds min. (606.4).Water supply and drain pipes shall be insulated or configured to protect against contact (606.5).
93Kitchens and Kitchenettes 804.5 StorageKitchens and Kitchenettes
94Kitchens and Kitchenettes 804.5 StorageKitchens and KitchenettesAt least 50% of shelf space in storage facilities shall comply with the storage requirements of 811.
95Storage: Kitchens & Kitchenettes Calculate storage by linear feet.15” min.to 48” max.EXAMPLE: Unobstructed forward reach ( ).
96Storage: Not a KitchenStorage in comparable spaces must comply with 225 and 811, therefore, at least one of each type of storage must be accessible (225.2).
98811 Storage General. Storage shall comply with 811. Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground space complying with 305 shall be provided (811.2).Height. Storage elements shall comply with at least one of the reach ranges specified in 308 (811.3).
99Obstructed High Reach: 10” Obstruction This scenario is unlikely due to the depth of base cabinets.48 maxFigure (a) shows wheelchair user reach of 48” maximum when the counter is at 34” maximum and the depth of the counter is 10” maximum ( ).
100Obstructed High Reach: 24” Obstruction 46 maxThis scenario is will apply the most often due to the depth of base cabinets.Figure (b) shows the upper reach lowered to 46” maximum when the counter top is 34” maximum but the depth of the counter exceeds 10” (24” maximum) ( ).
101811.4 Operable Parts – Storage Operable parts shall comply with 309.**309 (Operable Parts) includes requirements forclear floor space, height, and operation.
102Kitchens and Kitchenettes 804.6 AppliancesKitchens and Kitchenettes
103Appliances All kitchen appliances must be comply with: – Clear Floor or Ground Space– Operable PartsHowever, there are more specific requirements for the following:DishwashersRanges or CooktopsOvensRefrigerators/Freezers
104Kitchens and Kitchenettes 804.6 AppliancesKitchens and KitchenettesWhere provided, kitchen appliances shall comply withClear Flooror Ground SpaceA clear floor or ground space complying with 305 shall be provided at each kitchen appliance.Clear floor or ground spaces are permitted to overlap.
105804.6.2 Operable Parts Appliances All appliance controls shall comply with 309.
106Operable Parts: Appliances Exceptions 1 & 2:Operable Parts: AppliancesAppliance doors and door latching devices shall not be required to comply with (operation requirement of) ( , Exception 1).Bottom-hinged appliance doors, when in the open position, shall not be required to comply with (height requirements of) ( , Exception 2).Examples of accessible appliance controls
107DishwasherClear floor or ground space shall be positioned adjacent to the dishwasher door.The dishwasher door, in the open position, shall not obstruct the clear floor or ground space for the dishwasher or the sink.
108Example: Dishwasher 30” x 48” Clear Floor Space Adjacent to Dishwasher Not obstructed by open dishwasher door
109Clear floor space is not required to be centered. Range or CooktopWhere a forward approach is provided, the clear floor or ground space shall provide knee and toe clearance complying with 306.30” x 48”Clear floor space is not required to be centered.
110, Contd.Where knee and toe space is provided, the underside of the range or cooktop shall be insulated or otherwise configured to prevent burns, abrasions, or electrical shock.
111Parallel Approach: Range or Cooktop 48”36”Either a forward or parallel approach is allowed to ranges and cooktops( ).
112, Contd.The location of controls shall not require reaching across burners.
113804.6.5.1 Side-Hinged Door Ovens Side-hinged door ovens shall have the work surface required by positioned adjacent to the latch side of the oven door.
114Bottom-Hinged Door Ovens Bottom-Hinged Door OvensBottom-hinged door ovens shall have the work surface required by positioned adjacent to one side of the door.Work Surface804.330” x 48”Work surface must be at least 30” in length since a forward approach is required by
115804.6.6 Refrigerator / Freezer Combination refrigerators and freezers: shall have at least 50% of the freezer space 54” maximum above the finish floor or ground.Clear Floor or Ground Space: shall be positioned for a parallel approach to the space dedicated to a refrigerator/freezer with the centerline of the clear floor or ground space offset 24” maximum from the centerline of the dedicated space.
116Example: Clear Floor Space: Refrigerator/Freezer Note:36” is the typical size of the dedicated space for a refrigerator/freezer.
118No! Yes! This is a kitchen since it has cooking facilities. Is a parallel approach allowed to the kitchen sink?The kitchen does not meet Exception 1 because it has a cooktop.Yes!Does 50% of the storage have to be accessible?Kitchens must comply with based on
119Yes! No! This is a wet bar with no cooking facilities. Is a parallel approach allowed to the sink?Wet bars are allowed to have a parallel approach based on Exception 1.Does 50% of the storage have to be accessible?No!Only one of each type is required based on
120This is a not kitchen since it has no cooking facilities. Is a parallel approach allowed to the sink?No!606.2, Exception 1 is applicable only to kitchen sinks.No!Only one of each type is required to be accessible based onDoes 50% of the storage have to be accessible?
1221 of these 3 outlets is not required to comply. 205.1 Exception 3:Kitchen OutletsWhere two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet is not be required to comply with 309(205.1, Exception 3).Electrical outletEXAMPLE:1 of these 3 outlets is not required to comply.
124What is a Kitchen or Kitchenette? A place (as a room) with cooking facilities.Definition based on (Undefined Terms)
125What are Cooking Facilities? They include the following fixed or built-inappliances used to cook food:RangeOvenCooktopMicrowave OvenConvection OvenDefinition and types of appliances based on201.1 (Scope) and (Undefined Terms)and input from the U.S. Access BoardExcerpt from
126Scoping & Technical Requirements Kitchens and Kitchenettes Kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with 804.Conclusion: If a subject kitchen or kitchenette is provided (including those provided in a space used as a break room), it must comply with 804 based onExcerpt from
127Specifically Addressed in TAS Compliance with 804Specifically Addressed in TASCompliance with 804 is also specifically referenced in the 2012 TAS for the following:Transient lodging facilities ( )Residential dwelling units (809.3)Excerpt from
128Scoping & Technical Requirements Kitchen Sinks804.4 Sinks shall comply with 606.(Applicable to all sinks provided in a kitchen or kitchenette.)The scoping for sinks that are not provided in kitchens or kitchenettes is in(Requires at least 5%, but not fewer than one of each type to comply with 606.)Excerpt from
129606.2 Exception 1: Clear Floor Space Kitchen Sinks A parallel approach complying with 305 shall be permitted to a kitchen sink in a space:Where a cook top or conventional range is not provided.
130Summary – Kitchen Sink Range Oven Cooktop Microwave Oven Convection OvenA parallel approach is allowed by with a kitchen that has a fixed or built-in oven, microwave, or convection oven.
131Spaces Without Fixed or Built-In Cooking Facilities The space without fixed or built-in cooking facilities is not considered a kitchen or kitchenette, therefore, the sink provided in these space is not considered a “kitchen” sink.”A front approach to the sink is required by
132SUMMARY: Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Comparable Spaces 2012Public or Common UseResidential(233 & 809)¹Transient Lodging(224 & 806)²EmployeeWork AreasWITH Cooking FacilitiesKitchens and Kitchenettes(212 and 804)Yes(100% based on 212.2)(As required by 809.3)(As required by )No(Based on 203.9)Kitchen Work Surface(804.3)(Based on 804.3)(Based on (1))Storage(804.5)Yes (Based on 212.2)Yes (Based on 809.3)Yes (Based on )WITHOUT Cooking FacilitiesApplicable provisions of TAS¹Applicable to social service establishments, graduate student and faculty housing, and crew quarters for emergency response personnel .²Applicable to places of lodging including timeshares and housing at a place of education.
134Website developed through a contract with DBTAC* and the U.S. Access Board.*Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center
135U.S. Department of Justice Guidance on the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible DesignTitle II – Revised*Title III – Revised*Primer for Small Businesses*Appendix A to each regulation includes a section-by-section analysis of the rule and responses to public comments on the proposed rule.*Appendix B to the title III regulation discusses major changes in the 2010 ADA and responds to public comments received on the proposed rules.
136Updated Small Business Guide U.S. Departmentof JusticeADA UPDATE: A PRIMER FOR SMALL BUSINESSUpdated Small Business Guide
137Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation Texas Department of Licensing and RegulationAB Advisory Board Working Document October 1, 20101994 TAS Comparison to 2010 ADA and ABA
138Fair Housing Design Manual U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)Fair Housing Design Manual
139Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation 2012 TASTechnical AssistanceToll Free in Texas(512) (Phone)(512) (Fax)
140United States Access Board 2010 ADATechnical AssistanceVoice: (202) or (800) TTY: (202) or (800)