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FIREFIGHTER I LESSON 7. RESCUE VS. EXTRICATION Rescue Rescue Removal and treatment of victims from situations involving natural elements, structural collapse,

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Presentation on theme: "FIREFIGHTER I LESSON 7. RESCUE VS. EXTRICATION Rescue Rescue Removal and treatment of victims from situations involving natural elements, structural collapse,"— Presentation transcript:

1 FIREFIGHTER I LESSON 7

2 RESCUE VS. EXTRICATION Rescue Rescue Removal and treatment of victims from situations involving natural elements, structural collapse, elevation differences, or any other situation not considered to be an extrication incident Extrication Extrication Removal and treatment of victims who are trapped by some type of man-made machinery or equipment TS 7–1

3 ASSESSMENT PRIOR TO BUILDING SEARCH Look at the entire building and its surroundings on approach. Look at the entire building and its surroundings on approach. Question occupants who have escaped to obtain information about those who may still be inside and where they may be found. Question occupants who have escaped to obtain information about those who may still be inside and where they may be found. TS 7–2

4 BUILDING SEARCH OBJECTIVES/PRIORITIES First Priority Searching for life Second Priority Searching for fire extension TS 7–3

5 GUIDELINES FOR PRIMARY BUILDING SEARCH Conduct before or during fire suppression operations. Conduct before or during fire suppression operations. Be rapid but thorough. Be rapid but thorough. Look in known or likely locations for victims. Look in known or likely locations for victims. Verify fire conditions. Verify fire conditions. Report surprises. Report surprises. TS 7–4

6 SECONDARY BUILDING SEARCH Is conducted after fire is under control and hazards are somewhat abated Is conducted after fire is under control and hazards are somewhat abated Is conducted by personnel other than those who conducted primary search Is conducted by personnel other than those who conducted primary search Is thorough and painstaking Is thorough and painstaking TS 7–5

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9 SEARCHING MULTISTORY BUILDINGS Prioritize critical areas: Prioritize critical areas: 1 st priority Fire floor 2 nd priority Floor directly above the fire 3 rd priority Topmost floors Search critical areas immediately (remaining occupants will be in the greatest jeopardy in these places). Search critical areas immediately (remaining occupants will be in the greatest jeopardy in these places). TS 7–6a

10 SEARCHING MULTISTORY BUILDINGS (cont.) Search intervening floors after critical areas. Search intervening floors after critical areas. Close doors to rooms not involved in fire to prevent fire spread. Close doors to rooms not involved in fire to prevent fire spread. Keep exits, hallways, and stairs clear to reduce tripping hazards. Keep exits, hallways, and stairs clear to reduce tripping hazards. TS 7–6b

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12 TYPES OF MARKING SYSTEMS Chalk or Crayons Masking Tape Door Markers Latch Straps Two-part systems are best. TS 7–7

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14 GENERAL SAFETY DURING BUILDING SEARCHES Be alert for weakened or hazardous structural conditions. Be alert for weakened or hazardous structural conditions. Continually feel the floor in front with hands or a tool. Continually feel the floor in front with hands or a tool. Be alert for signs that floor/ceiling assembly has weakened. Be alert for signs that floor/ceiling assembly has weakened. Be cautious when opening doors. Be cautious when opening doors. Open doors slowly to check for possible victims. Open doors slowly to check for possible victims. TS 7–8

15 WHAT TO DO IF TRAPPED OR DISORIENTED Stay calm. Stay calm. Retrace steps to original location. Retrace steps to original location. Seek an exit from the building or fire area. Seek an exit from the building or fire area. Shout for help periodically. Shout for help periodically. If a hoseline can be found, feel for couplings If a hoseline can be found, feel for couplings Female is toward the nozzle Male is toward the water source Make radio contact as quickly as possible. Make radio contact as quickly as possible. TS 7–9a

16 WHAT TO DO IF TRAPPED OR DISORIENTED (cont.) If you cant find a way out If you cant find a way out Find place of relative safety. Stay close to a wall. Activate PASS device. Shine flashlight toward ceiling. If exhausted or close to losing consciousness If exhausted or close to losing consciousness Lie flat on floor next to exterior wall, hallway, or doorway. Shine flashlight toward ceiling. TS 7–9b

17 SEARCHING FOR A LOST OR DISORIENTED FIREFIGHTER First try to quickly obtain an idea of firefighters last location. First try to quickly obtain an idea of firefighters last location. Stop every so often and become perfectly quiet to hear calls for help or downed firefighters PASS device tone. Stop every so often and become perfectly quiet to hear calls for help or downed firefighters PASS device tone. Use any safe means possible to remove downed firefighter from hostile atmosphere. Use any safe means possible to remove downed firefighter from hostile atmosphere. If downed firefighter has functioning SCBA, carefully move firefighter so as not to dislodge SCBA facepiece. If downed firefighter has functioning SCBA, carefully move firefighter so as not to dislodge SCBA facepiece. TS 7–10a

18 SEARCHING FOR A LOST OR DISORIENTED FIREFIGHTER (cont.) If downed firefighter does not have functioning SCBA, connect mask to buddy breathing connection on rescuers SCBA, or quickly remove victim from hazardous atmosphere. If downed firefighter does not have functioning SCBA, connect mask to buddy breathing connection on rescuers SCBA, or quickly remove victim from hazardous atmosphere. Do not remove your facepiece at any time or in any way compromise the proper operation of your SCBA in an attempt to share them with another firefighter or victim. Do not remove your facepiece at any time or in any way compromise the proper operation of your SCBA in an attempt to share them with another firefighter or victim. TS 7–10b

19 GUIDELINES FOR SEARCH OPERATIONS WITHIN BUILDINGS Do not enter a building in which viable victims are not likely to be found. Do not enter a building in which viable victims are not likely to be found. When backdraft conditions exist, attempt entry only after ventilation is accomplished. When backdraft conditions exist, attempt entry only after ventilation is accomplished. Work from a single operational plan. Work from a single operational plan. Maintain contact with command. Maintain contact with command. Monitor fire conditions constantly. Monitor fire conditions constantly. TS 7–11a

20 GUIDELINES FOR SEARCH OPERATIONS WITHIN BUILDINGS (cont.) Have a rapid intervention team constantly available. Have a rapid intervention team constantly available. Use the established personnel accountability system without exception. Use the established personnel accountability system without exception. Be aware of the secondary means of egress established for search personnel. Be aware of the secondary means of egress established for search personnel. Wear full PPE. Wear full PPE. Work in teams of two or more. Work in teams of two or more. Stay in constant contact with team members. Stay in constant contact with team members. TS 7–11b

21 GUIDELINES FOR SEARCH OPERATIONS WITHIN BUILDINGS (cont.) Search systematically. Search systematically. Stay low and move cautiously. Stay low and move cautiously. Stay alert use all senses. Stay alert use all senses. Continually monitor the structures integrity. Continually monitor the structures integrity. Feel doors for excessive heat before opening them. Feel doors for excessive heat before opening them. TS 7–11c

22 GUIDELINES FOR SEARCH OPERATIONS WITHIN BUILDINGS (cont.) Mark entry doors into rooms, and remember the direction turned when entering the room. Mark entry doors into rooms, and remember the direction turned when entering the room. Maintain contact with a wall when visibility is obscured. Maintain contact with a wall when visibility is obscured. Have a charged hoseline at hand when working on the fire floor. Have a charged hoseline at hand when working on the fire floor. The hoseline may be used as a guide for egress as well as for firefighting. TS 7–11d

23 SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR SEARCH OPERATIONS WITHIN BUILDINGS (cont.) Coordinate with ventilation teams before opening windows during search. Coordinate with ventilation teams before opening windows during search. Inform group/sector supervisor immediately of any room(s) that could not be searched. Inform group/sector supervisor immediately of any room(s) that could not be searched. Report promptly to the supervisor once the search is complete. Report promptly to the supervisor once the search is complete. TS 7–11e

24 VICTIM REMOVAL Do not remove the victim before treatment unless Do not remove the victim before treatment unless There is fire or danger of fire in the immediate area Explosives or other hazardous materials are involved It is impossible to protect the accident scene The victim is in cardiac arrest and must be moved to a different area so that rescuers can administer CPR TS 7–12a

25 VICTIM REMOVAL (cont.) Be aware that the chief danger of moving a victim quickly is the possibility of aggravating a spinal injury. Be aware that the chief danger of moving a victim quickly is the possibility of aggravating a spinal injury. Pull victims in the direction of the long axis of the body, not sideways. Pull victims in the direction of the long axis of the body, not sideways. Whenever possible, use two or more adults when attempting to lift or carry an adult. Whenever possible, use two or more adults when attempting to lift or carry an adult. Guard against losing your balance. Guard against losing your balance. TS 7–12b

26 VICTIM REMOVAL (cont.) Always lift as a team. Always lift as a team. Keep your back straight and lift with your legs, not with your back. Keep your back straight and lift with your legs, not with your back. Remember: Lifting incorrectly is one of the most common causes of injuries to firefighters. If immobilization of a fracture is not feasible until the victim has been moved a short distance, support the weight of the injured part while other rescuers move the victim. If immobilization of a fracture is not feasible until the victim has been moved a short distance, support the weight of the injured part while other rescuers move the victim. TS 7–12c

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