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The Ever Changing World of Internet Security in the Digital World Tbilisi, Georgia December 4, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "The Ever Changing World of Internet Security in the Digital World Tbilisi, Georgia December 4, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Ever Changing World of Internet Security in the Digital World Tbilisi, Georgia December 4, 2013

2 Introduction Salient connections between us – United Nations for 13 years doing technology transfer – Ran ISOC Workshops, helped to birth CEENET workshops – Directed computer centers Brookings, Northwestern, NYU Were going to have a conversation – Wide ranging, informal – Not necessarily complete, please help to identify gaps – Arranged loosely by major topic – Clarifying questions/longer discussions – Only person in the room whose native language is English? These are all my own opinions, not necessarily those of ICANN

3 CEENET Workshop, Tbilisi, 15 October 1999 The Internet: Past, Present and Future Moores law? No. of IP addresses, IP on mobiles? Georgraphic spread in countries? Internet-2? Governance issues? Digital divide, growth-equity (Dot Force) Internet a threat to local cultures? English- dominated? Cultural clashes-sexual, political religious on Internet Future of distance education, Blackboard and more

4 CEENET Workshop, Budapest, 20 August 2000 Factors Affecting the Future Evolution of the Internet Futurists generally have a bad record Supply push/pull: IPR issues, micropayments, UNICODE Demand push/pull: home market, next killer application, OS: Windows vs. MacOS Governance issues: ITU/UN reaching for authority Developing country issues: connectivity, human resources, ignorance of Internet policy Entering golden age of digital appliances

5 Topics for Exploration Infrastructure – computing and communications Human Resources – computing and comunications Navigation and Access Human communication and behavior Content on the Internet Services on the Internet New phenomena Governance Mr. Snowden and the NSA Cybersecurity User experience

6 Computer/device Infrastructure A digital world: TV, images, video, POTS, VoIP, DNA Quantitative: Smaller, better, cheaper, more reliable – Drivers: Moores law, expanding markets Qualitative: phones, tablets, GPS, iWatch? – Digital devices abound, many more will come – Drivers: innovation, ingenuity, greed Summary: evolution, creation of amazing stuff

7 Communications Infrastructure Internet users: 200M to 2.5B and growing, Metcalfes law Geography: all countries connected. ATT Africa-1, SAT-3, new cables – topology – from UC-centric to mesh, – massive fiber capacity 40G/freq, 100s of lambdas in lab 7- 8 years ago Fiber to the home spreading rapidly in developed countries Access, extent and reachability, broadband, last mile issue The mobile revolution – Spectrum utilization 1G to 4G

8 Human Resources: Computing 1950-1970++ severe shortage of tech programmers – Computer software: assembler to HLL, specialized software – Development of software production methodologies – Growth of UNIX, FOSS movement – Explosion of app builders: tools and platforms are ready – The situation is relatively good

9 Human Resources: Communications PTT controlled for a long time Digital communications, 1970+ (20+ year lag) ISOC NTWs (1993++), brought persons to one place on the globe Technical shortage of skilled persons, especially in developing countries Critical links to cybercrime, forensic training

10 Navigation and access IP address space and domain names IPv4 to IPv6 transition, rate of transition still low UNICODE now embedded by many applications IDNs and new gTLDs have been introduced, but embedded links in applications need work ITU supports Bob Kahn, and a handles approach to information location.

11 Human Communication and Behavior 1-1 voice and video services Facetime, Skype Social connectivity – Facebook plus 150 others All forms of behavior have moved to Internet Crime, bullying, extortion Terrorism use of the Internet Implications for cyber-oriented legislation

12 Content on the Internet Continued migration (mostly) to the web, billions of web pages Major personal data – dates, jobs, harvested Wikipedia, maps, audio, video, webinars, TV Google book scanning project Retrospective input Cultural collision: DRM tools in HTML 5 by WWW consortium (Information wants to be free???)

13 Services on the Internet Entertainment – games, videos, Netflix (NYU radio in 1994 episode) Commerce – can buy almost anything from Amazon – Niche markets thoroughly enabled – Mapping, adds location based service points, CH, ex. But: ad tracking, location popups, loss of privacy – Revolution in sale and delivery of audio, video Education – MOOCs vis-à-vis distance education For developing countries, early eLance, services like it Transcription, translation, interpretation

14 New phenomena User-producer cooperation: reputational profiling, crowdsourcing (Web 2.0) Cloud computing Big data: crop insurance, weather prediction, materials science, NSA PRISM data base Location awareness Internet of things Domination of the advertising model, (Google) monetizing of personal data (tracking apps) Digital money, e.g. BitCoin and others

15 Governance Administration and governance – rules vs. policy – Opposing cultures re boundaries: nation state vs. Internet – Govts aware of IG – 2000 DOT Force, 2003-5 WSIS, IGF, multi- stakeholder model – But hear much less of digital divide Privacy and Security in a digital world – Robust markets for information – Attackers: governments, competitors, hackers, private organizations – Much information voluntarily given away – Social engineering, (spear) phishing, pharming, purchasing – Defenses: encryption, – The authentication issue – no adoption of SAV

16 Mr. Snowden and the NSA – Revelations of Snowden, published by Guardian My reaction: ambivalence – Vivian Reding: ED should create own spy agency – Dynamic balance between privacy and security – NSA intentionally weakened crypto algorithm development? Loss of trust throughout USG? – IETF strong response for open source cryptography – Weakening of trust a casualty

17 Cybersecurity From a governance point of view – International cross-jurisdictional clash among states – Inadequate resources and knowledge, centrally and locally – Central authority very weak, not ready From a legal point of view – Separate legal structure for online crime? – Proportional response seems lacking Criminals may be winning – Cybercrime a large and profitable industry – Entire judicial system needs help – Easy to lay a complex path, difficult to dissect – Law enforcement always catching up – Behavioral issue: Source address validation not adopted

18 User experience Internet now in adolescence, not yet mature – But survival and operation essential to whole world – Vint Cerf: Experiment that escaped from the lab – Built for small cooperative groups, used in real world – Absence of strong authentication, security very damaging Achieving plug and play status – Users need more education because the Internet is NOT plug and play If Internet environment were a company … – Historical baggage, gaps: WHOIS, immediate domain granting, SAV, etc. Ignorant user gets little help. Will current Internet survive? Alternative plans in the works

19 Thank you!

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