Low energy ~5-20 m Porites compressa branching Moderate energy ~2-8 m Porites lobata massive High energy ~0-2 m Porites lobata encrusting Shallow, high energy ~0-5 m Porolithon sp. High energy ~2-10 m Pocillopora meandrina stout branching Shallow, high energy ~0-10 m Montipora sp.
LONO HARBOR HALE O LONO SITE: -High wave exposure -Sparse coral cover -Shore parallel ridge and runnel morphology HIKAUHI SITE -Medium wave exposure -Abundant coral cover -Shore normal spur and groove morphology HIKAUHI SITE HALE O LONO SITE High bed shear
Modern Ecosystem Investigations: Results Modified from Storlazzi et al. (in press) Study Sites
Modern Ecosystem Investigations: Results Modified from Storlazzi et al. (in press)
Bindstone (algal pavement) Angular silt to pebble clasts (coral and algal) encrusted and bound by coralline algae, encrusting foraminifers and bryozoans; Extensive micritization of skeletal grains; Microcrystalline Mg- Calcite fills inter- and intraparticle pores
Framestone (reef framework) Intraskeletal pores lined by aragonitic accicular cement; Pores filled by peloidal Mg- calcite grading out to silt- sized skeletal debris; Thick crusts of coralline algae, encrusting foraminifers (Homotrema, Planorbulina?), bryozoans and serpulids