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Infinitives Home Sweet Home 6 Focus on Grammar 5 Part VI, Unit 16 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Infinitives Home Sweet Home 6 Focus on Grammar 5 Part VI, Unit 16 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Infinitives Home Sweet Home 6 Focus on Grammar 5 Part VI, Unit 16 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 Do You Want to Buy a House? When you are ready to purchase a home, it is essential to know how much you can afford to spend. Location will be an important factor. People who choose to buy a larger house in a rural area can expect to have a longer commute. If you love to garden, you may prefer to invest in a bigger lot. Dont forget to talk with the neighbors to learn more about the neighborhood. Your goal is to create a happy home and make the best possible investment.

3 Form and Function An infinitive is to + the base form of a verb. Infinitives function in a variety of ways. Infinitives can act like nouns in a sentence. Infinitives can act like nouns in a sentence. subject object subject complement

4 Infinitives as Subjects To buy To buy a house you really love is important. To find To find the right property takes time. subject

5 Infinitives as Objects People may choose to buy a larger house. You can expect to have a longer commute. object

6 Infinitives as Subject Complements A subject complement is a phrase that describes or explains the subject of a sentence. Your goalto make Your goal is to make the best investment possible. Their dreamto have Their dream was to have a big kitchen. subject complement subject complement

7 Infinitives Following Adjectives Adjectives followed by infinitives often express feelings about the action in the infinitive. readyto purchase They were ready to purchase a home. necessaryto inspect It will be necessary to inspect the property. infinitive adjective Examples: afraid, amazed, excited, fortunate, glad, happy, important, likely, necessary, proud, reluctant, sorry, and willing adjective infinitive

8 Infinitives vs. Gerunds 1 investing You may prefer investing in a bigger lot. Some verbs are followed by infinitives or gerunds with no change in meaning. infinitive gerund Examples: begin, cant stand, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, and start. to invest You may prefer to invest in a bigger lot.

9 Infinitives vs. Gerunds 2 talking Dont forget talking to the neighbors. Some verbs are followed by infinitives or gerunds with a significant change in meaning. You havent done it – but its a good idea. You talked to them – dont you remember? infinitive gerund Examples: forget, go on, quit, regret, remember, stop, and try. to talk Dont forget to talk to the neighbors.

10 Complete the sentences with the infinitive or gerund form of the verb. Example: A couple was jogging down the street. They stopped (talk) __ to the new neighbors. 1.The people who just moved in are unfriendly. We stopped (talk) __ to them. 2. She forgot (buy)__ paint. She has to go back to the store. 3. I hope I remember (go) __ to the neighborhood meeting next week. Practice 1 talking to buy to go to talk

11 Practice 2 Make sentences using infinitives and the adjective in parentheses. Example: Luckily, they found the perfect property. (fortunate) They were fortunate to find the perfect property. 1. The owner didnt want to hand over the keys. (reluctant) 2. They found some cracks in the foundation. (shocked) 3. I moved from my first apartment. (sorry) The owner was reluctant to hand over the keys. They were shocked to find some cracks in the foundation. I was sorry to move from my first apartment.

12 Passive Infinitives Use to + be or get + past participle to make a passive infinitive in the present. Use to + have + been + past participle for the past. to be shown Request to be shown houses in your price range. to have beendone The renovations were to have been done quickly. infinitive

13 References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.


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