2 Do You Want to Buy a House? When you are ready to purchase a home, it is essential to know how much you can afford to spend. Location will be an important factor. People who choose to buy a larger house in a rural area can expect to have a longer commute. If you love to garden, you may prefer to invest in a bigger lot. Don’t forget to talk with the neighbors to learn more about the neighborhood. Your goal is to create a happy home and make the best possible investment.
3 Form and FunctionAn infinitive is to + the base form of a verb. Infinitives function in a variety of ways.subjectInfinitivescan actlike nounsin asentence.objectsubject complement
4 Infinitives as Subjects To find the right property takes time.subjectTo buy a house you really love is important.
5 Infinitives as Objects People may choose to buy a larger house.objectYou can expect to have a longer commute.
6 Infinitives as Subject Complements A subject complement is a phrase that describes or explains the subject of a sentence.subjectcomplementsubjectYour goal is to make the best investment possible.subjectcomplementsubjectTheir dream was to have a big kitchen.
7 Infinitives Following Adjectives Adjectives followed by infinitives often express feelings about the action in the infinitive.Examples: afraid, amazed, excited, fortunate, glad, happy, important, likely, necessary, proud, reluctant, sorry, and willingadjectiveinfinitiveThey were ready to purchase a home.adjectiveinfinitiveIt will be necessary to inspect the property.
8 Infinitives vs. Gerunds 1 Some verbs are followed by infinitives or gerunds with no change in meaning.Examples: begin, can’t stand, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, and start.infinitiveYou may prefer to invest in a bigger lot.gerundYou may prefer investing in a bigger lot.
9 Infinitives vs. Gerunds 2 Some verbs are followed by infinitives or gerunds with a significant change in meaning.Examples: forget, go on, quit, regret, remember, stop, and try.infinitiveYou haven’tdone it –but it’s agood idea.Don’t forget to talk to the neighbors.gerundYou talkedto them –don’t youremember?Don’t forget talking to the neighbors.
10 Complete the sentences with the infinitive or gerund form of the verb. Practice 1Example: A couple was jogging down the street They stopped (talk) __ to the new neighbors.to talkThe people who just moved in are unfriendly. We stopped (talk) __ to them.talking2. She forgot (buy)__ paint. She has to go back to the store.to buy3. I hope I remember (go) __ to the neighborhood meeting next week.to go
11 Make sentences using infinitives and the adjective in parentheses. Practice 2Example: Luckily, they found the perfect property. (fortunate)They were fortunate to find the perfect property.1. The owner didn’t want to hand over the keys. (reluctant)The owner was reluctant to hand over the keys.2. They found some cracks in the foundation. (shocked)They were shocked to find some cracks in the foundation.3. I moved from my first apartment. (sorry)I was sorry to move from my first apartment.
12 Passive Infinitives Request to be shown houses in your price range. Use to + be or get + past participle to make a passive infinitive in the present. Use to + have + been + past participle for the past.Request to be shown houses in your price range.infinitiveinfinitiveThe renovations were to have been done quickly.