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Photo Composition. Composition The pleasing arrangement of subject matter elements within the picture area The pleasing arrangement of subject matter.

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Presentation on theme: "Photo Composition. Composition The pleasing arrangement of subject matter elements within the picture area The pleasing arrangement of subject matter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Photo Composition

2 Composition The pleasing arrangement of subject matter elements within the picture area The pleasing arrangement of subject matter elements within the picture area Known as the rules of photography Known as the rules of photography Are known to work most of the time, but in some cases rules can be broken Are known to work most of the time, but in some cases rules can be broken

3 Photo Composition Ones we have already covered: Ones we have already covered: Filling the Frame Filling the Frame Lighting Lighting Angles Angles Lines Lines Rule of Thirds Rule of Thirds

4 Photo Composition Ones we will be covering today: Ones we will be covering today: Simplicity Simplicity Negative Space Negative Space Active Space Active Space Contrast Contrast Mergers & Background Mergers & Background

5 Simplicity Creating simple looking images Creating simple looking images Easiest way to do this is by limiting the amount of objects in your photo Easiest way to do this is by limiting the amount of objects in your photo Select uncomplicated backgrounds Select uncomplicated backgrounds Avoid unrelated subjects Avoid unrelated subjects Move in close Move in close

6 What is the main subject?

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9 Ways to Simplify?

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11 Negative Space Is the empty space around your subject Is the empty space around your subject Areas of a picture that contain nothing (negative space) are important visual elements that provide balance in an image Areas of a picture that contain nothing (negative space) are important visual elements that provide balance in an image Can be very challenging Can be very challenging Like all situations in photography, some images will come more natural then others. Like all situations in photography, some images will come more natural then others.

12 Negative Space

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18 Active Space The space in front of your moving subject or the space in the eyesight of your subject The space in front of your moving subject or the space in the eyesight of your subject Space behind your subject is called dead space Space behind your subject is called dead space Use the Rule of Thirds to place your subject, but use Active Space to determine the placement Use the Rule of Thirds to place your subject, but use Active Space to determine the placement

19 Active Space is this…

20 Not this….

21 Active Space is this….

22 Not this….

23 Active Space is this…

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25 Which one is Active Space?

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27 Active Space is this…

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29 Contrast The difference in the color and brightness of the objects in photos The difference in the color and brightness of the objects in photos Your eyes are naturally drawn to the light areas before the dark Your eyes are naturally drawn to the light areas before the dark For example, if you want to draw attention to a light colored subject, place it against a dark background, vice versa For example, if you want to draw attention to a light colored subject, place it against a dark background, vice versa Types of Contrast Types of Contrast Tonal Contrast- used in B&W photography Tonal Contrast- used in B&W photography High- More defined B&WHigh- More defined B&W Low- Blacks & White are less defined; More GREY!Low- Blacks & White are less defined; More GREY! Color Contrast Color Contrast Color Wheel (Next Slide)Color Wheel (Next Slide) Includes High (very different colors) & Low contrast (very similar colors) Includes High (very different colors) & Low contrast (very similar colors) High Contrast- big difference between dark & light areas (see examples for better understanding) High Contrast- big difference between dark & light areas (see examples for better understanding) Low Contrast- Subtle: small difference between dark & light areas (see examples for better understanding) Low Contrast- Subtle: small difference between dark & light areas (see examples for better understanding)

30 High & Low Contrast

31 High Contrast

32 Low Contrast

33 Contrast Color Wheel The opposite color is one that compliments the other, resulting in a high- contrast photo. Using colors which are close to each other on the color wheel will create a low-contrast photo.

34 High & Low Color Contrast

35 Low Color Contrast

36 High Color Contrast

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38 High & Low Contrast

39 Background & Mergers The most overlooked part during the composing process of a photo The most overlooked part during the composing process of a photo Mergers can happen… Mergers can happen… Things that sprout from your subjects head or things that are placed very close to the subjects face. Things that sprout from your subjects head or things that are placed very close to the subjects face. The background should make your subject stand out and present it to best advantage The background should make your subject stand out and present it to best advantage Blur Effects can separate your subject from the background Blur Effects can separate your subject from the background

40 Mergers

41 Mergers

42 Mergers

43 Background

44 Background

45 Background


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