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THE SELECTION AND ARRANGEMENT OF SUBJECTS WITHIN THE PICTURE AREA Composition.

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Presentation on theme: "THE SELECTION AND ARRANGEMENT OF SUBJECTS WITHIN THE PICTURE AREA Composition."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE SELECTION AND ARRANGEMENT OF SUBJECTS WITHIN THE PICTURE AREA Composition

2 Major Principles Simplicity Tension

3 Simplicity Eliminating distracting and unimportant material Simplifying the visual elements satisfies viewer’s need to identify the main subject (point of interest) Simplicity is a matter of organizing your subject in a clear, concise manner

4 Ways to achieve simplicity: Move closer, include only necessary elements (ex)ex Change lenses – telephoto to zoom closer (ex)ex Use shallow depth of field (ex)ex Change point of view (ex)ex Selective focus (ex)ex Choose darker background (ex)ex Remove objects if possible (ex)ex Move subject if possible next

5 Move Closer

6

7

8 back

9 Change lens to telephoto

10 back

11 Shallow depth of field

12

13 back

14 Change point of view

15 back

16 Selective focus

17 back

18 Choose darker background

19

20 Choose darker background (with zoom) back

21 Remove objects

22 and move closer back

23 Tension Arises from the feeling of movement and interplay among the visual elements Creates a variety of messages depending on how elements are organized or balanced against each other Produces the picture’s tone and makes it interesting  ex: gentle, forcefulgentleforceful next

24 Gentle tone

25 Forceful tone back

26 Techniques for tension: Create motion with wide angle lens (ex)ex Use diagonal lines (ex)ex Combine thick and thin lines (ex)ex Through use of color (ex)ex Frame your subject as disproportionately small (ex)ex next

27 Wide angle

28 back

29 Diagonal lines

30 back

31 Combine thick and thin lines back

32 Through use of color back

33 Frame your subject as disproportionately small back

34 Techniques to help see creatively and compose better photos True seeing is not a function of the camera. How you arrange your subject is the real creative act. Fill the frame (ex)ex Define the horizon (landscapes) (ex)ex Apply rule of thirds (ex)ex Vertical vs horizontal (ex)ex Skew the point of view (ex)ex Frame the subject (ex)ex Silhouette the subject (ex)ex Break the rules (ex)ex

35 Fill the frame

36

37

38

39

40 back

41 Define the horizon back

42 Define the horizon

43 back

44 Apply rule of thirds

45

46 back

47 Vertical vs horizontal

48

49

50 back

51 Skew the point of view (tilt camera) back

52 Frame the subject

53

54

55 back

56 Silhouette the subject

57 back

58 Silhouette the subject back

59 Break the rules

60

61

62 Other techniques: Leading lines (ex)ex Lead the subject  looking space (ex)ex Avoid mergers  tonal mergers – (ex)ex  dimensional mergers – (ex)ex  border mergers – ex: cutting subject off at edge of frameex

63 Leading lines back lines that lead the viewer’s eyes through the photo

64 Lead the subject room in front of the subject within the frame of the photo

65 Not leading the subject back

66 Tonal mergers back when important objects in a scene appear to blend together and lose their identity.

67 Dimensional mergers important scene elements run together because the eye sees 3D, camera doesn’t

68 Dimensional mergers back

69 Border mergers when subject matter is cropped too tightly or cut off by the edge of the frame at an inappropriate point

70 Fini!


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