The Do's and Don'ts of Maneuvering Flight Nearly one-third of all fatal accidents occur during maneuvering flight, in part because maneuvering at low altitude limits the amount of time a pilot has to recover. Maneuvering flight is basically any type of flying performed close to the ground -- even the traffic pattern is considered maneuvering! Want to know more? Go to the Courses page on www.FAASafety.gov and look for Course ALC-34, Maneuvering: Approach and Landing www.FAASafety.gov
The Do's of Maneuvering Flight Do remember that the majority of fatal stall/spin accidents occur at low altitudes, because the closer you are to the ground the less time you will have for a successful recovery. Do practice stalls or approaches to stalls at a safe altitude. If youre rusty take a CFI with you. Do fly at a safe altitude so that you wont be surprised by obstacles that may require abrupt maneuvers to avoid. Do remember that turns and sudden climbs increase the wing loading which will increase the stall speed, sometimes dramatically.
The Don'ts of Maneuvering Flight Dont explore the flight envelope close to the ground. Dont exceed 30 degrees of bank in the traffic pattern. Dont buzz or otherwise show off with an aircraft. Not only are you putting yourself at risk, but your pilot certificate too. The FAA gets lots of complaints that include cell phone pictures and videos. Dont attempt maneuvers for which you have not been trained. Get an Instructor on board the first time!
Eye Protection Gotta wear shades 40% of eye injuries happen at home Each year 125,000 eye injuries result from accidents with household chemicals 90% of eye injuries can be prevented by wearing appropriate eye protection
If your eye has been cut or punctured Do gently place a shield over the eye Do not rinse with water Do not remove the object stuck in the eye Do not rub the eye Avoid aspirin or ibuprofen See a physician immediately
A particle or foreign material in your eye Do not rub the eye Left upper eyelid over the lashes of lower lid Blink several times and allow tears to flush out the particle If the particle remain keep your eye closed and seek medical attention
A chemical burn to the eye Immediate flush the eye with plenty of clean water Seek emergency medical treatment
A blow to the eye Apply cold compress to reduce pain and swelling Do not apply any pressure If a black eye or visual disturbance occurs, immediately contact your eye doctor Even light blows can cause a significant eye injury
Sand in the eye Use eye wash to flush the eye out Do not rub the eye If debris does not come out, lightly bandage the eye and see the eye doctor.
Sizzling Heat illness Heat can be a silent killer Do you know the difference between: – heat cramps – heat exhaustion – heatstroke
Heat cramps Symptoms – Painful muscle cramps and spasms – Heavy sweating Treatment – Apply firm pressure on cramping muscle or gently massage – Give sips of water – If nausea occurs, discontinue water intake
Heat exhaustion Symptoms – Heavy sweating, weakness, cool skin, pale and clammy – Weak pulse – Normal temperature possible – Possible muscle cramps, dizziness, fainting, nausea and vomiting Treatment – Move individual out of the sun, lay him or her down and loosen clothing – Apply cool, wet cloths – Fan or move individual to air- conditioned room – Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue – If vomiting continues, seek medical attention
Heatstroke severe medical emergency Symptoms – Altered mental state – Possible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea and dizziness – High body temperature – Rapid and strong pulse – Possible unconsciousness – Skin may be hot and dry or patient may be sweating Treatment – Summon emergency medical assistance – Move to a cooler, air- conditioned environment – Reduced body temperature with water mist – Use air conditioners, or use fans if heat index is below the 90s – Remove clothing – Do not give fluids
Sizzling quiz 1 Q: Using an electric fan will prevent heat related illness? A: Maybe – Skin must be polished for a fan to be effective – In temperatures over 100° moving hot air over the body can add heat to the body
Sizzling quiz 2 Q: You should avoid exercise during the summer months. A: Maybe – Staying physically fit can decrease your chance of heat related illness – Avoid exercise during the middle of the afternoon – Stay hydrated
Sizzling quiz 3 Q: As long as you are sweating, you are not at risk for heat related illness. A: Maybe – Heavy sweating cools the body – Heavy sweating may be a sign of heat exhaustion
Sizzling quiz 4 Q: If someone exhibit signs of heat exhaustion, give them something cool to drink. A: Possibly – If someone has overheated, administer cool water or sports drink. – However observe persons symptoms carefully. Nausea and vomiting are signs of heat related illness. Do not give fluids to someone showing signs of heat stroke
Top 10 motorcycle safety tips 1.Be visible 2.Watch for idiots 3.Follow the rules of the road 4.Signal, signal, signal 5.Dress for road impact 6.Dont be distracted 7.Ride sober 8.Watch the weather 9.Know the road conditions 10. Know your equipment
Motorcycle defensive driving tips Be especially alert at intersections. 70% of motorcycle vehicle collisions occur there. Check rearview mirrors before changing lanes or stopping. Watch road surface and traffic had to anticipate problems and road hazards.
Lightning facts 58 people are killed and 300 injured from lightning strikes each year in the US There are 25 million cloud to ground lightning strikes every year The Empire State building gets struck about 25 times each year Air near lightning can heat to about 50,000°F, five times hotter than the suns surface 1bolt can contain 100,000,000 Volts of electricity
Lightning facts A single flash of lightning can light a 100 W light bulb for three months Lightning can turn seat into steam, blowing shoes and clothing off the victim You can be struck when the sky is clear, known as bolts from the blue If you can hear thunder you are generally within 10 miles of a storm and within traveling distance of lightning Lightning can branch off an object like a tree or fence and then hit a person Lightning to thunder in seconds, divided by 5 is the distance in miles
Lightning safety Stay inside If outside – Find shelter – Dont be the tallest isolated object – Dont lay flat on the ground – Find a low-lying area away from trees – Squat low to the ground on the balls of your feet and place your head between your knees – Stay away from water and metal