Presentation on theme: "Rotary Switch BasicsUsing Rotary Switches in Your Design."— Presentation transcript:
Rotary Switch BasicsUsing Rotary Switches in Your Design
Electroswitch Rotary Switches Electroswitch offers many varieties of rotary switches for different application requirements. Electroswitch has acquired rotary switch lines from Stackpole, Shallcross, ASM, CRL / Centralab and Oak Grigsby.
Rotary Switch Design Considerations & Common Specifications How many poles? Open or enclosed Frame switch? Changing Torque or Actuation Feel? Contact Material Advantages? Sealing Requirements? Size requirements or limitations? How many positions? Mounting Style – PCB or panel mount?
What is a Pole? A pole is the input or common terminal. It is an electrically isolated switching circuit. Common Pole Output Terminals Rotating Contact The rotating contact will channel the signal from the pole to the output terminals. The number of output terminals required determines how many positions a switch will have.
What is a Section? A section is also referred to as the deck, wafer or module. Sections are made up of the common and position terminals of the switch. Switches can be made of several sections to obtain multiple poles. sections
Poles vs Section
In open frame switches the moving parts are visible. The enclosed frame switches the parts are not visible. –Open Frame switches have more flexibility on custom contact configurations –Open Frame have a bifurcated wiping or self cleaning contact system ensuring reliable operation. –Open Frame switches can have sections sold separately –Enclosed Frame offers more protection from dust and contamination –Enclosed frame switches are generally less expensive –Enclosed frame switches are generally more compact What is the difference between enclosed and open frame?
Can you change the "Feel" or Torque of the switch? Yes. Changing the spring or number of springs in many switches will create a lighter or heavier detent actuation feel. This is done during the manufacturing process at Electroswitch. spring
When Should You Specify Gold Contacts? Gold plated contacts should be used when your product needs a longer shelf life. Also, if the switch will not be actuated for a long period of time after installation you may want gold contacts.
What is the difference between Current Carrying Capacity & Current / Voltage Rating? Current carrying capacity, measured in amps, is the maximum load that a switch will carry with the contacts in a closed position. Current / voltage rating is the tested amperage and voltage capacity when switching contact positions under load (with current). An electrical arc occurs when switching between positions under load. Over a period of time, this arc may cause contact wear. A switch with the contacts closed has no arc, and the carrying capacity is higher.
What is the difference between Shorting & Non-shorting contacts? Non-shorting contacts break before make (narrower contact) Shorting contacts make before break (wider contact)
Different Stop Types A stop limits the rotation of the switch to the desired number of positions. Fixed Stop –Stops are built into the switch at the factory –Better for volume production requirements so customer does not have to adjust each switch –These stops are not changeable by the customer Adjustable Stop –Stop type where customer can adjust switch to desired number of positions –Standard switches are supplied with adjustable stops preset at 2 positions –Good Choice for low volume requirements Continuous Rotation –Switch with no stops
Adjustable Stop Mechanisms
Can Electroswitch rotary switches be water resistant sealed? Yes. Most Switch series offer a shaft and panel seal option. This allows the switch to be front panel sealed. In addition, our C series switches have the option to be completely sealed to meet an IP67 (submersion) rating.
Applications Test and Measurement Pro and High end Audio Military and Aerospace Construction and Agricultural Equipment Medical and Diagnostic Equipment Transportation and Off Road Vehicles Military and Commercial Communication Rotary switches can be used in many applications. A rotary switch offers an easy way to switch more combinations than what is offered by other switches. It also offers the user a definite tactile feedback for position location. Rotary switches are generally more robust than other types of switches or potentiometers.
Rotary Switch Features Choosing the Right Switch for Your Design The Electroswitch C series is an ideal choice for enclosed switch requirements. The C series is an economical option for lower current rotary switch needs. It is ideal for requirements that need a low profile compact switch. The C series has many available options including BCD or binary coded decimal outputs, water resistant sealing, push to turn and dual concentric shaft designs. Many available options Sealing to Meet IP67
Low Cost Smallest Switch, Only 362 in diameter Options include a boot seal which prohibits contamination of contacts during cleaning. Enclosed TO5 Series
Rotary Switch Features Choosing the Right Switch for Your Design The Electroswitch D series is the ideal choice for open frame switch requirements. This series has lots of design flexibility. The D series has many available options including water resistant sealing and dual concentric shaft options. The Electroswitch D1, D3 and D4 were originally designed to meet Mil Spec requirements. Many available options D1, D3 and D4 made to Mil Spec
Electroswitch has recently added several open frame series. These switches have unique features that include; Unidex housing, T-Slug terminals, tri-concentric shafts, and uncommon index angles. Several of the series also meet Mil spec requirements and have water resistant sealing options. Unique Index Angles T-Slug Terminals and Tri Concentric Shafts Rotary Switch Features Choosing the Right Switch for Your Design
Unidex Housing (A and F series) Utilizing dual ball detent indexing on a rugged star wheel. This detent offers 100,000 cycles of mechanical life, with the torque remaining constant and crisp throughout the life of the switch. Unidex Housing
T Slug Terminals (SK, 7M & 4M Series) Wedgelock method of clip assembly Stronger, Longer Life Switch Patented "T" slug design eliminates rotation and twisting of contacts Electroswitch T Slug Terminals for added strength Stator
Tri-Concentric Shafts For Multiple Functions (7M, LK and RK Series) This assembly may consist of three switches in one frame or two switches & a potentiometer within the same frame limitations as a single shaft switch
Rotary Switch Features Choosing the Right Switch for Your Design The Electroswitch E series has standard options for special requirements. The E5 series is designed to meet the needs of a 24 position pc mount switch. The E3 series is a standard spring-return rotary switch. The E4 series has a current rating to switch 11 28VDC. Standard Switches for: Spring-Return, High Current, 24 Position PC mount
Rotary Switch Features Choosing the Right Switch for Your Design The Electroswitch M series were originally designed to meet Mil Spec requirements. These switches are used in a variety of military, avionic and industrial applications. The M6 and M7 have the capability to go up to 32 and 48 positions. M6 and M7 can go up to 32 and 48 positions
Special readouts (BDC or other) Made Specific to Drawing Special Testing / Ratings Required Overmolding Key Lock Cable Harness Sealing (to IP67) Special Grease (Temp or Life) Knurled Shaft Push to Turn Shaft Dual Concentric Shafts Value-Added Options Contact Digi-Key Design Support services: