Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Single Acting A single acting cylinder develops thrust in one direction only The piston is usually returned by a spring, but can be returned by some external.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Single Acting A single acting cylinder develops thrust in one direction only The piston is usually returned by a spring, but can be returned by some external."— Presentation transcript:

1 Single Acting A single acting cylinder develops thrust in one direction only The piston is usually returned by a spring, but can be returned by some external means as well(ex. vertical load) Cylinders and Actuators

2 Single Acting A single acting cylinder develops thrust in one direction only The piston is usually returned by a spring, but can be returned by some external means as well(ex. vertical load) Advantages lower air consumption compared to double acting 3 way valve needed instead of 4 way (lower cost) Cylinders and Actuators

3 Single Acting A single acting cylinder develops thrust in one direction only The piston is usually returned by a spring, but can be returned by some external means as well(ex. vertical load) Advantages lower air consumption compared to double acting 3 way valve needed instead of 4 way (lower cost) Disadvantages Reduction in piston thrust Longer length body due to size of spring Cylinders and Actuators

4 Single Acting Spring Return

5 Rest state. No pressure applied. Cylinder is retracted.

6 Single Acting Spring Return Rest state. No pressure applied. Cylinder is retracted. Air pressure applied. Cylinder extends. Spring is compressed.

7 Single Acting Rest state. No pressure applied. Cylinder is retracted. Air pressure applied. Cylinder extends. Spring is compressed. Air pressure exhausted. Cylinder retracts due to the force of the spring and is returned to rest state. Spring Return

8 Single Acting Rest state. No pressure applied. Cylinder is extended. Spring Extend

9 Single Acting Spring Extend Rest state. No pressure applied. Cylinder is extended. Air pressure applied. Cylinder retracts. Spring is compressed.

10 Single Acting Spring Extend Rest state. No pressure applied. Cylinder is extended. Air pressure applied. Cylinder retracts. Spring is compressed. Air pressure exhausted. Cylinder extends due to the force of the spring and is extended to rest state.

11 Thrust is developed in both extending and retracting directions as air pressure is applied to the appropriate ports. Double Acting Cylinders

12 Thrust is developed in both extending and retracting directions as air pressure is applied to the appropriate ports. Advantages More compact body when compared to single acting Higher force with smaller bore size due to absence of spring Double Acting Cylinders

13 Thrust is developed in both extending and retracting directions as air pressure is applied to the appropriate ports. Advantages More compact body when compared to single acting Higher force with smaller bore size due to absence of spring Disadvantages Force on retraction(piston rod side) is different than the extension due to the reduced surface area where the piston rod attaches to the piston Double Acting Cylinders

14 A B Cylinder is at rest when neither port is energized. Double Acting

15 A B Cylinder is at rest when neither port is energized. When A is pressurized the piston extends out and B exhausts air. Double Acting

16 A B Cylinder is at rest when neither port is energized. When A is pressurized the piston extends out and B exhausts air. When B is pressurized, the piston retracts and A exhausts air. The cylinder is now back to its original state. Double Acting

17 Tandem Type 1 Variations in Cylinders Double Rod Type 23

18 Variations in Cylinders Double Rod Type

19 Tandem Type 1 Variations in Cylinders Double Rod Type 23

20 Rodless cylinders can typically be installed in 1/2 the space of that of a standard cylinder. They are offered in much longer strokes and have higher side load capabilities. Rodless Cylinders

21 Rodless cylinders can typically be installed in 1/2 the space of that of a standard cylinder. They are offered in much longer strokes and have higher side load capabilities. Magnetically Coupled The cylinder is coupled to the piston by magnetic force requiring no physical attachment between the body and the piston. Coupling permits smooth load transfer without allowing seal contamination. Rodless Cylinders

22 Mechanically Coupled(Band Cylinder) The cylinder is joined by a lip sealing mechanism suited for very high loads while maintaining high accuracy. It has much higher side load capabilities but is not as totally leak free when compared to the magnetically coupled type.

23 Commonly used in very precision type applications which require compact and low profile dimensions. Precisely machined work mounting surfaces and parallel piston guide rods ensure accurate and straight line movement. Slide Units

24 Commonly used in very precision type applications which require compact and low profile dimensions. Precisely machined work mounting surfaces and parallel piston guide rods ensure accurate and straight line movement. Either the body can be fixed and the rods with end bars can move or the end bars can be fixed and the body can move Slide Units

25 Designed to grip components using 2, 3, or 4 fingers Air Chucks (Grippers)

26 Rack and Pinion Type The output shaft has an integral pinion gear driven by a a rack attached to a double piston. Standard angles of rotation are 90° and 180°. Rotary Actuators

27 Vane Type Air pressure acts on a vane which is attached to the output shaft. The vane is sealed against leakage by a lifted rubber seal or elastomer coating. Standard angles of rotation are 90°, 180° or 270°.

28 In certain applications, it is necessary to specify air cushions or shock absorbers due to high speeds and considerable end of stroke forces. Cushioning

29 In certain applications, it is necessary to specify air cushions or shock absorbers due to high speeds and considerable end of stroke forces. Rubber Cushions Often used on smaller size bore and stroke cylinders to absorb shock and prevent internal damage. Cushioning

30 In certain applications, it is necessary to specify air cushions or shock absorbers due to high speeds and considerable end of stroke forces. Rubber Cushions Often used on smaller size bore and stroke cylinders to absorb shock and prevent internal damage. Adjustable Air Cushions Often used on larger size bore and stroke cylinders to decelerate the piston over the last portion of the stroke. This cushion traps some of the exhausting air near the end of the stroke before allowing it to bleed off slowly through an adjustable needle valve. Cushioning

31 Special “Sine” Cylinder Cushion Rapid load transfer while allowing smooth acceleration and deceleration of load which dramatically reduces shock/impact.

32 Special “Sine” Cylinder Cushion Rapid load transfer while allowing smooth acceleration and deceleration of load which dramatically reduces shock/impact. Shock Absorbers Used for very high speed and heavy load applications to consistently decelerate loads without requiring additional adjustment. Can withstand impacts of 16 ft/second.

33 Locking Cylinder - Allows for +/-.5mm incremental stopping accuracy Cylinder Options

34 Locking Cylinder - Allows for +/-.5mm incremental stopping accuracy Non-Rotating - Prevents piston rod and the load from rotating Cylinder Options

35 Locking Cylinder - Allows for +/-.5mm incremental stopping accuracy Non-Rotating - Prevents piston rod and the load from rotating Low Friction/Low Speed - Special internal seals and lubricants allows speeds of 2mm per second Cylinder Options

36 Locking Cylinder - Allows for +/-.5mm incremental stopping accuracy Non-Rotating - Prevents piston rod and the load from rotating Low Friction/Low Speed - Special internal seals and lubricants allows speeds of 2mm per second High Speed - Enlarged orifices are added to maximize speed Cylinder Options

37 Copper Free - all components can be electroless nickel plated for copper free environments

38 Copper Free - all components can be electroless nickel plated for copper free environments High Temperature - up to 300°F applications

39 Copper Free - all components can be electroless nickel plated for copper free environments High Temperature - up to 300°F applications Low Temperature - down to -58 °F applications

40 Copper Free - all components can be electroless nickel plated for copper free environments High Temperature - up to 300°F applications Low Temperature - down to -58 °F applications Heavy Duty Rod - enlarged piston rod for heavy side load applications

41 Copper Free - all components can be electroless nickel plated for copper free environments High Temperature - up to 300°F applications Low Temperature - down to -58 °F applications Heavy Duty Rod - enlarged piston rod for heavy side load applications Adjustable Stroke - allows final extension or final retraction to be adjusted

42 Auto Switch Mount - allows stroke feedback/conformation to controller to confirm work has been completed

43 Auto Switch Mount - allows stroke feedback/conformation to controller to confirm work has been completed High Magnetic Field Capability - special auto-switches and internal magnets allow cylinder to be used in applications 2” away from magnetic field displacing 20,000 Amps

44 Determining Which Cylinder Bore Size to Use For a double acting cylinder: Extending Stroke: Fe = (  / 4) * D² x P Retraction Stroke: Fr = (  / 4) * (D²-d²) x P For a single acting cylinder: Extending Stroke: Fes = (  / 4) * D² x P - Fs D = Piston DiameterF = Force d = Piston Rod Diameter Fs = Spring Force at the End of Stroke P = Gauge Pressure


Download ppt "Single Acting A single acting cylinder develops thrust in one direction only The piston is usually returned by a spring, but can be returned by some external."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google