Presentation on theme: "Working with Accessible Pedestrian Signals Lisa Martellaro-Palmer Transportation Engineering Associate City of Los Angeles, Department of Transportation."— Presentation transcript:
Working with Accessible Pedestrian Signals Lisa Martellaro-Palmer Transportation Engineering Associate City of Los Angeles, Department of Transportation (LADOT)
Old Version: Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS) Cuckoo and Peep-Peep Resembled birds chirp Circuit Board set to one volume Problem for visually impaired seniors that are hard of hearing
New Version: Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS) Rapid Tick Sound for Walk then returns to a locator tone for remainder of Walk interval. Flashing Dont Walk and Solid Dont Walk only use locator tone Adjusts to ambient noise Vibrotactile Arrow for those persons hard of hearing
The 2012 MUTCD The 2012 MUTCD has more guidelines for design and installation APS shall be used for new installations and during maintenance Audible tones such as a Tick Tone Vibrotactile arrows on the pushbutton Verbal messages
The 2012 MUTCD APS shall have both audible and vibrotactile WALK indications If two APS pushbuttons are less than 10 ft apart or on the same pole, each APS pushbutton shall be provided with the following features: A locator tone on the pushbuttonA vibrotactile arrow A speech WALK message symbolizing the WALK indication
Audible Tones Locator Tone – a repeating sound that informs approaching pedestrians that they are required to push a button and enables visually impaired pedestrians to locate the pushbutton WALK Tone - a Rapid Tick Tone for a maximum of 7 seconds. If walk tone is similar to locator tone, the Walk tone shall have a faster repetition rate.
Audible Tones Automatic Volume Adjustment in response to ambient traffic noise should be provided up to 100 dBA (previously 89). Automatic Volume Adjustment tones should be no more than 5 dBA louder than ambient sound Audible WALK shall repeat at 8 to 10 ticks/sec Audible WALK shall consist of multiple frequencies with a dominant component at 880 Hz
Audible Tones Alert Tone – a very brief burst of high frequency sound at the beginning of the audible WALK indication that rapidly decays to the frequency of the WALK tone and may be used to alert pedestrians to the beginning of the WALK interval during heavy traffic conditions.
Audible Tones Flashing Dont Walk and Sold Dont Walk During the WALK interval, the Rapid Tick lasts for a maximum of 7 seconds and then returns to the locator tone for the remainder of the WALK Interval. The Flashing Dont Walk and Solid Dont Walk only use the locator tone.
Vibrotactile Arrows A Vibrotactile Device communicates information about ped timing through a vibrating surface by touch. Vibrotactile Devices shall indicate that the WALK Interval is in effect and for which direction it applies through the use of a vibrating directional arrow on the pushbutton. During the WALK Interval, the vibration on the PPB lasts for 7 seconds. The arrows are aligned with the direction of travel on the associated crosswalk. Walk Tone and Vibrotactile require actuation on PPB
Verbal Messages Verbal Messages are used to communicate the pedestrian interval and they shall provide a clear message that the WALK Interval is in effect as well as to which crossing it applies. The verbal message that is provided at regular intervals throughout the WALK Interval shall be the term WALK SIGN which may be followed by the name of the street to be crossed. A verbal message is not required at times when the WALK Interval is not timing but if provided it shall be the term WAIT and it does not need to be repeated while the WALK Interval is not timing. Speech WALK messages may transmitted with a receiver
Reasons for Installing APS Increasingly quiet cars Right Turn on Red Continuous Right Turn Movements Complex Signal Operations Traffic Circles Wide Streets Low Traffic Volumes (difficult to discern signal phase changes) Factors that might make crossing difficult: