Presentation on theme: "Dorothy Conway, CTRS James L. West Alzheimers Center Fort Worth, TX."— Presentation transcript:
Dorothy Conway, CTRS James L. West Alzheimers Center Fort Worth, TX
Objectives for session Be able to define meaningful activity. To identify the therapeutic value of an activity. To identify the criteria for creating success in activity participation. To identify the four qualities or domains of an activity. List possible appropriate activities for various levels of dementia. Explain how a variety of staff members can assist in providing activities. Design a meaningful activity from a simple object and apply to the four domains based on the functional level of the participant.
The purpose of life is a life of purpose. - Robert Byrne Purpose serves as principle around which to organize our lives. - author unknown
What is meaningful to a person with dementia? Get to know the persons background – previous interest, career, hobbies. Determine the persons abilities – what are they able to do? Be prepared to adapt and adjust. Meaningful activity means different things for different people.
Groups with Purpose Teachers love to interact with students.
Groups with Purpose Gardeners like to garden.
Groups with Purpose Woodworkers still like to tinker.
Defining point of meaningful activity Makes the person an active participant, not an attendee.
The Four Qualities of an Activity Cognitive Physical Psychosocial Spiritual
Cognitive qualities of an activity: Enhances memory Encourages verbalization Fosters abilities to make choices Encourages sequencing of thought process
Physical qualities of an activity: Promotes well being Physical fitness Improve balance Promotes normal sleep patterns An outlet for stress and anxiety
Psychosocial qualities of an activity: Provides a sense of belonging Provides feelings of accomplishment Fosters dignity and self-esteem Provides a way to express feelings Provides a method to distract/change mood Provides feelings of security
Spiritual qualities of an activity: Opportunities to have personal faith journey upheld Opportunities to be part of a faith community Opportunities for sacredness in daily living
Practice in finding the qualities Attending Chapel Cooking Club
Exercise Group Valentines Party
Life is an activity! Common objects and items found in a typical household can become an opportunity for a therapeutic activity. Example: flag *Hands on practice in finding the qualities of an activity in common objects*
Now you know the Who and the What – How? Understanding who the residents are both past and present, and knowing the qualities of an activity, you can then focus on enabling the residents abilities in a successful way.
For an activity to be successful, consider the following: Modification – the more impaired the person, the simpler the activity should be. Attention span shortens as the disease progresses. Repetitiveness – does not mean boring! Often the routine, familiar tasks learned in the past, can be meaningful and successful. Multisensory Cueing – using cues that involve several of the senses (visual, auditory, and touch more effective than visual and auditory only). Emphasis sensory abilities that are still intact. Cultural – is it relevant to the persons past value systems, morals, and life situations? Design activities around the interests of the participants. Approach and Communication – demonstrate what to do and use appropriate encouragement. Try to group participants with similar functional levels.
Determining the Therapeutic Value in an Activity What is your goal for a particular resident? Will the outcome be reached in having this participant take part in this certain program? The therapeutic value of an activity is changeable based on the participants responses, abilities, etc. Examples of activities and their therapeutic values
Providing Activities by Cognitive Levels: Ideas to promote meaningful and therapeutic activity based on stages of dementia: Early stage Middle stage Late stage
Early Stage: GDS Stage 4 & 5 Games (continues to recognize the concept, may need cues to go to the next step etc.) Cooking Activities Puzzles Assisting duties (delivering mail, stuffing envelopes…) Setting the table Sorting and matching Small group discussions (continues to recognize the group process)
…Late Stage 5 and Early 6 Continue to enjoy and function in the same activity pursuits, but need additional, frequent cuing to be successful. Changes in vision (depth perception and peripheral vision) may affect participation.
Stage 6 Gross motor games (may hit or kick at a target) Folding laundry Music programs (with singing, clapping, swaying) Cooking Household chores (dusting, washing tables, stirring) Simple crafts (sanding, coloring) Encourage conversation with scrapbooks, life story books, photos
Stage 7 Tactile stimulation (hand massage, feeling differing textures…) Music May play catch but will not be able to throw back Reminiscing and validating the person
Dorothy Conway, CTRS James L. West Alzheimer's Center 1111 Summit Ave. Fort Worth, TX