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ART THERAPY FOR Alzheimers disease & dementia Charles A. Sourby MS Ed. HTR 11/11/2006
Key Words Dementia of the Alzheimers type Memory Loss Safety & Supervision
ALZHEIMERS DISEASE Alzheimer's disease is a progressive form of dementia that causes an impairment of intellectual functioning
ALZHEIMERS DISEASE Patients have difficulties with decision making, judgment, attention span, memory loss, swallowing, speaking & recognizing close family members
ALZHEIMERS DISEASE Early in the disease process, patients present deficits in executive functioning: such as performing tasks involving multiple steps like balancing a checkbook or preparing a meal
ALZHEIMERS DISEASE Some individuals show personality changes or increased irritability. In the middle and later stages psychotic symptoms are common.
ALZHEIMERS DISEASE Patients tend to develop incontinence, gait and motor disturbances, eventually becoming mute and bedridden.
SYMPTOMS Frontal Lobe: Irrational Parietal Lobe: Disoriented Occipital: Can't recognize people/objects Brain Stem: Sleep-Disturbed Temporal Lobe: Tongue-Tied Hippocampus: Forgetful Amygdala: Moody
Improving Quality of Life Art Therapy Fosters social interaction Cognition Creative expression
Presenting Problems Decreased attention span Increased wandering & agitation
Art Therapy Uses creative expression as a source of growth and sustenance Is a language of communication
Art Therapy Helps those who are unable to express their thoughts with words via creative expression through art
Art Therapy A process which fosters attention, spontaneity and originality of expression
Art Therapy Activities Foam sculpture Jackson Pollack
Art Therapy Activities Paper Mache Bracelets Decorating Bracelets
Art Therapy Activities Mandala Painting ILAC Cards
Art Therapy Activities Travel Collage Color Experiments
Art Therapy Activities Stamp Painting Painting Shells
Art Therapy Activities Art Samples: note the stereotypic scribbles
Stimulates active participation Facilitates creative expression in people who are nonverbal or have deficits in communication skills Art Therapy
–Provides the opportunity for experiences –Motivates learning in all domains of functioning
Art Therapy –Provides experiences not otherwise available to them –Creates the opportunity for positive, successful and pleasurable social activity
Art Therapy –Increases the ability to use energy purposefully, reduces mal-adaptive behaviors Self Portrait of artist William Utermohlen, an American diagnosed Alzheimers in 1995
Art Therapy –Increases interaction with peers & others –Increases independence & self-direction
Art Therapy –Reflects self-image & body awareness
Stimulates creativity and imagination Fosters memories Art Therapy
CONCLUSION Alzheimers disease is progressive. Art Therapy helps maintain a sense of dignity, purpose, and self direction through creative expression and socialization. FOR MORE INFO...
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