Presentation on theme: "APH Intervention Continuum of Communication Skills"— Presentation transcript:
1APH Intervention Continuum of Communication Skills byKerry Isham,Field Services Representative
2APH provides a line of products which – when used sequentially - helps teach individuals with no formal means of communication methods of effectively making their wants and needs known.Sensory Learning KitSymbols and MeaningTactile Connections
3These three products help nonverbal individuals with visual impairments shift seamlessly from haphazard movements and touch to purposeful actions and use of symbols to communicate.SAMTactile ConnectionsSLK
4Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor – 1st stage – Trying to make sense of the world using senses and movement.Preoperational – 2nd stage – Onset of language and use of symbols, pretending. Still lacks concrete logic.Operational – 3rd stage – Beginning to think logically and abstractly.
6Sensory Learning Kit (SLK) Builds cognitive skills at the sensorimotor level of cognition, which is the first of Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive development – trying to make sense of the world using senses and movement. The SLK uses highly attractive materials.
7Sensory Learning Kit An educational intervention designed to Build a positively bonded relationship between the learner and the practitionerProvide social experiences that facilitate access to sensory informationstimulates curiositymotivates interactionsdevelops skills
8Sensory Learning Kit Target population Cognitive age: 0-2 years Chronological age: 0 and upCould includeInfants with atypical responsesToddlers with atypical responses and mild to moderate delaysPre-school and early elementary students with moderate to severe delaysLate elementary and secondary students with severe to profound delays
9Sensory Learning KitCan assist in increasing one’s quality of life in these areas:Agency - Control over people and eventsAnticipation - Something to look forward toParticipation - Shared experience
10Sensory Learning KitUse of Routines – highly structured activities to encourage reactions and interactions with the SLK components.Routines:Are familiarAre predictableAllow for controlled pacingMinimize sensory clutterAre consistentAre frequentAre low-stress
11Sensory Learning KitRoutines can address these 3 levels of sensorimotor learning:Quiet alert - Attention to stimulation provided by partnerActive alert - Exploration of learning mediaPartial Participation - Outcome directed motor sequences
13The second APH product in the sequence is Symbols and Meaning
14Symbols and Meaning (SAM) Target population -students with visual and multiple impairments and pre-school children with visual impairments who are just beginning to use symbols - the late sensorimotor, early preoperational stage of cognitive development
15Symbols and MeaningLate sensorimotor and early preoperational level cognitive skills are the focus.Again, recall from Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development that Preoperational is the 2nd stage – the onset of language, the use of symbols, & pretending. The individual still lacks concrete logic.
16Symbols and MeaningSAM includes a guidebook which provides strategies that help develop a strong sensory foundation for concepts about people, objects, actions, and places. Through use of these strategies, such symbols become meaningful.
17Symbols and MeaningGames and activities focus on symbology (words & objects) representing:People: The self and others Objects: Tangible things Actions: Body movements of the self and others Places: Where things are, contexts for groups of things
18Symbols and MeaningOnce meaning is established by pairing symbols and concrete referents, additional games give individuals the opportunity to use object and word symbols in communication contexts. Videos of each game are included.
19Symbols and MeaningSAM enables learners to understand: • What is it? • What does it do? • How does it relate to other things?
20Symbols and Meaning kit contents: • 2 baskets • Digital recorder • 25 plastic story pages • Assessments and Games book • Electronic assessment forms • Flash drive • Large Print Guidebook • SAM videos • Sport bag
21Symbols and Meaning kit contents, cont’d: • 3 sizes of story bags • 3 sizes of story binders • Vinyl story box liners • 6 story boxes • Non-glare plastic tray liner • Vinyl tray liners • Two trays • Black Velcro strip and coins • White Velcro strip and coins
22The last product in the continuum is Tactile Connections
23Tactile Connections - Symbols for Communication Allows teachers to create a tactile card system that is individualized for visually impaired and blind learners who have additional disabilities and/or lack a formal means of communication or literacy.Tactile symbols are created when part of an object is mounted on a hand-sized card representing core vocabulary categories (e.g. people, places, actions, objects, etc.).
24Tactile Connections Target population – Allows practitioners to create communication symbols for learners in the late preoperational through the operational stage of cognitive development, where use of symbols is more extensive and complex.
25Tactile ConnectionsSymbols such as words and pictures become tools for problem-solving, pretending and socializing.
26Tactile ConnectionsThis kit can help build skills for the use of tactile symbols (objects and parts of objects organized into categories) as communication tools in environments where sighted peers might use pictures.
27Tactile ConnectionsThis kit contains many of the essential components needed to create an effective tactile communication system – from an individual’s use of only simple nouns and verbs to fairly complex sentence construction.
28APH worked with a number of knowledgeable professionals when creating the products in this much needed intervention continuum. For the most effective learning experience, it is recommended that practitioners and parents use these three products sequentially.Sensory Learning KitSymbols and MeaningTactile Connections
29Kerry Isham, Field Services Representative Can you think of at least one individual with whom you work who could benefit from the APH Intervention Continuum?Kerry Isham, Field Services Representative