5 Write a summary of 17; read 18 Online edition of Le Petit Prince is here. AP link to listening to accompany practice exam are here. Note on present participles and their very limited USE
6 Notes present participle- VERBALS PRESENT PARTICIPLES*Take the nous form of the verb ; drop –ons and add –antVerb”ing” parlant=speaking *ayant=having *étant=being*sachant=knowing changeant commençantUse these forms with the preposition EN and no other preposition. Remember this is NOT a verb form instead this is an adjective type verbal or a gerund verbalM. Ed est un cheval parlant La fille souiante Sachant est important! Try these : Watching Waiting Working LivingRemember these can only be Adjectives (agree with the noun being described) or Nouns in French language.EN= while, by, during, wearing, upon….*There are 3 irregular present participles: ayant, étant, and sachant
7 COMPOSED PARTICIPLESUse the present participle of avoir or être as the helping verb + a past participlenote: please remember that this is a compound tense and therefore agreement rules applyayant vu= having seenétant tombée=having fallenUpon having lost the game, they….Having heard the truth, he…..
8 What verbal does one use with all other prepositions? The INFINITIVE or past infinitive!After all prepositions except en and après use the infinitive of past infinitive regardless of what we use in English!Without talking = sans parlerInstead of saying= au lieu de direBefore starting= avant de commencer-French adjectives may never be followed directly by an infinitive, either à or de will split them.use de after an adjective of feelinguse à after an adjective not describing a feelingNot applicable if the subject is itwith ce as a subject, use àwith il/elle as a subject, use deIl est bon de vous voir.C’est bon à vous voir.