4 Anatomical Directions Objectives Students will be able to:Define terminology relative to anatomical direction.Identify terminology relative to anatomical direction.Demonstrate proper use of terminology relative to anatomical direction.
5 Terminology-Anatomical Directions AnteriorFront of the bodyThe knee cap is ANTERIOR to the knee joint.
6 Terminology-Anatomical Directions PosteriorBack of the bodyThe shoulder blade is POSTERIOR to the rib cage.
7 Terminology-Anatomical Directions SuperiorSituated aboveThe head is SUPERIOR to the neck.
8 Terminology-Anatomical Directions InferiorSituated belowThe ankle is INFERIOR to the hip.
9 Terminology-Anatomical Directions MedialTo the middleThe pinky finger is MEDIAL to the thumb.*You must be in anatomical position!
10 Terminology-Anatomical Directions LateralTo the sideThe ears are LATERAL to the nose.
11 Terminology-Anatomical Directions DistalLocated farthest away from the median plane or point of attachmentThe fingers are distal to the elbow.
12 Terminology-Anatomical Directions ProximalLocated closest away from the median plane or point of attachment
13 Terminology-Anatomical Directions PlantarPertaining to the sole of the footThe PLANTAR surface of the right foot is sore.
14 Terminology-Anatomical Directions DorsalPertaining to the back or rearThe dorsal surface of the right foot got stepped on.
15 Terminology-Anatomical Directions PalmarPertaining to the palm of the handThe PALMAR surface had a laceration.
16 Terminology-Anatomical Directions ProneLying face down
17 Terminology-Anatomical Directions SupineLying face up
18 Terminology-Anatomical Directions DeepAway from the surfaceSuperficialOn or close to the surfaceSuperficialDeep
19 Opposites are partners! Anterior is opposite of ___________________.Inferior is opposite of ___________________.Medial is opposite of ___________________.Distal is opposite of ___________________.Deep is opposite of ___________________.Prone is opposite to __________________.Palmar is opposite to __________________.
20 Examples: The thumb is _________ to the index finger. The spine is ___________ to the shoulder.__________ is lying on your stomach.___________ is lying on your back.The skin is ____________ to the bone.The lungs are _________ to the rib cage.The spine is ___________ to the breast bone.The abs are ___________ to the back.The head is ___________ to the neck.The chin is ___________ to the nose.The elbow is __________ to the fingersThe toes are __________ to the ankle.
21 ClosureOn a sheet of paper, come up with 5 examples using the terminology reviewed todayDon’t use examples from wkst!(Knees are proximal to toes)