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El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos

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1 El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos

2 El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos
Born in Candia, Crete in 1541 Studied in Italy under Titian Influenced by Rafael, Titian(Tiziano), y Michelangelo ( Miguel Ángel) Was very critical of Michelangelo – extended offer to Pope to repaint the Sistine Chapel Is known as the most religious painter of the Spanish artists Moved to Spain – Toledo was the religious capital at the time Was hoping to paint for the king and win his favor by doing some paintings for Felipe II for El Escorial – a new monastery

3 El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos
• Was commissioned to paint for the Church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo – El Espolio, and Trinity and Assumption of the Virgin (Chicago Art Institute), Painted 2 for the king: Allegory of the Holy League and Maryrdom of St. Maurice and the king didn’t like them, so he didn’t contract him to paint, possibly for mixing living people in religious paintings Was NOT a court painter Spent the majority of his life in Toledo, painting portraits for money, paintings for the church, sculpture, and architecture, and surrounded himself with intellectuals of the time. Never married, but had 1 son, Jorge with Jerónima de las Cuevas • Died in 1614 He lived well but wasn’t rich Obra Maestra – “El Entierro del Conde Orgáz” and “Asunción de la Virgen” He was considered Spanish for his mixed Greek, Italian, and Spanish style, and his dedication to religion

4 El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos His Style
• 3 themes: portraits, landscapes, and religious scenes from the Bible Spiritual, religious, mystical • Rich in bright, brilliant and contrasting dark colors Independent in organization of space Elongation of figures and bodies, eerie Idealist painting, not realist Horror Vacue: fear of unused space, but did leave some unworked, portraits Supernatural 2-3 levels in paintings Cold and pale figures Preferred color over form, Picasso called his form cubist Interweaves time and space, uses figures to join heaven and earth Light in paintings comes from unseen sources Was not really appreciated until early 1900’s

5 Mt. Sinai

6 Last Supper

7 The Entombment of Christ – late 1560’s

8 La Anunciación

9 Purification of the Temple 1571-1576

10 La Trinidad 1577

11 San Sebastian

12 Expolio

13 Asunción de la Virgen 1577-1579

14 The Adoration of the Name of Jesus 1578-1579

15 El Hombre con la Mano en el Pecho 1580

16 The Martyrdom of St. Maurice. 1580-82

17 El Entierro de Conde Orgaz 1586-1588

18 Conde de Orgaz: Detalle 1

19 Conde de Orgaz: Detalle 2

20 Conde de Orgaz: Detalle 3

21 Conde de Orgáz: Detalle 4

22 Cristo con la Cruz 1580s

23 Julián Romero de las Azanas and his Patron Saint 1585-1590

24 La Sagrada Familia 1590

25 St. Peter and St. Paul

26 The Resurrection

27 Christ Carrying the Cross 1590-1595

28 Retrato de un Hombre Desconocido 1595

29 The Agony in the Garden 1595

30 St. Andrew and St. Francis 1590-1595

31 La Vista de Toledo

32 St. Joseph and the Christ Child 1597-1599

33 St. Martin and the Beggar 1597-1599

34 Crucifixion

35 Purificación del Templo - 1600

36 Hombre Viejo

37 St. John the Baptist 1600

38 Pentecoste

39 Portrait of a Cardinal 1600

40 San Juan Evangelista

41 St. John the Evangelist and St. Francis 1600’s

42 St. Bernardino

43 St. Ildefonso

44 The Repentant Peter 1605

45 St. Jerome as Cardinal

46 View and Plan of Toledo - 1610

47 Laöcoon

48 San Pedro

49 El Salvador

50 Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse - Vision of St. John 1608-1614

51 Adoration of the Shepherds - 1614


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