Presentation on theme: "Artists Renaissance painters, sculptors, and architects drew inspiration from the classical Greek and Roman artists rather than their medieval predecessors."— Presentation transcript:
1 ArtistsRenaissance painters, sculptors, and architects drew inspiration from the classical Greek and Roman artists rather than their medieval predecessorsArtists used the technique of linear perspective to represent the three dimensions of real life on flat, two dimensional surfaces
2 Difference in Painting Renaissance (The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne by da Vinci, 1510)Medieval
3 Difference in Painting MedievalRenaissance (Pope Julius II by Raphael)
4 I. Self-Portrait -- da Vinci, 1512 ArtistSculptorArchitectScientistEngineerInventor
5 Leonardo, the Artist: From hisNotebooks of over 5000 pages (1508-1519)
6 Leonardo da Vinci ( )A great artist, but more than any other person of his age, personified the idea of the “Renaissance man”Someone of broad interests who is accomplished in both the arts and sciencesShows value of individualism- depicts ppl as they really lookedMona Lisa uses light and shadow and perspective to make the figures fully human, enigmatic, and mysterious
7 The Last Supper captures the emotions of each of Jesus’ disciples at the exact moment of their learning one will betray Him
9 The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 verticalhorizontalWhat is the major difference between the foreground & the background of the painting? What is the effect of this difference?Gives effect of 3 dimensions, vanishing point, etcPerspective!
10 Leonardo da Vincida Vinci’s study of the proportions of the human bodyda Vinci’s plans for a helicopter
11 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.
12 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook
13 “The Mourning of Christ,” painted c.1305 Giotto di Bondone ( )Overcame the obstacle of flat forms by skillfully contrasting light and shadow to create an illusion of depth that made human figures look solid and round“The Mourning of Christ,” painted c.1305
14 Masaccio (Tomassco Guidi) (1401-1428) Used atmospheric perspective to show objects receding into a background and to make figures appear round and truly three dimensionalTrinity Fresco
15 El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (1541-1614) Used severe colors and elongated features to express Spanish religious zeal in powerful and emotional paintingsThe Burial of Count Orgaz conveys the Catholic spirit of communion among God, saints, and humans
16 SculptorsSculptors depicted their subjects in natural poses that reflected the actual workings of human muscles rather than the awkward and rigid poses often found in earlier sculptures
17 II. Michelangelo Buonorrati 1475 – 1564He represented the body in three dimensions of sculpture.
18 Michelangelo Buonarotti (1475-1564) Considered himself a sculptor first and painted with a sculptor’s eyeMade the muscular masculine figure his ideal beautyMichelangelo’s David and Moses show dramatic and emotional postures and expressions
20 The Popes as Patrons of the Arts The PietaMichelangelo Buonarroti1499marble
21 The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo Buonarroti 1508 - 1512
22 Sistine ChapelMichelangelo’s frescos covering the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican are perhaps the single greatest achievement in Renaissance art
23 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens
24 III. Donatello (Donato di Niccoli di Betto) (1386-1466) Traveled to Rome to study the classics of antiquityEmployed models and created studies of anatomy and the human bodyDonatello’s David was the first nude statue of the Renaissance and is known for its grace, proportionality, and balance
25 IV. Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520) Self-Portrait, 1506Portrait of the Artist with a Friend, 1518
26 St. George Fighting the Dragon, 1505 Raphael Sanzio ( )Excelled in composition and use of soft colorsRaphael is famous for his warm, pious, and graceful Madonnas such as The Small Cowper Madonna, c. 1505St. George Fighting the Dragon, 1505
27 Raphael’s Madonnas (1)Sistine MadonnaCowpepper Madonna
29 The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 One point perspective.All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts!A great variety of poses.Located in the papal apartments library.Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel.No Christian themes here.
30 The School of Athens – Raphael, details Plato: looks to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm].Aristotle: looks to this earth [the here and now].
31 The School at Athens, with lines to show perspective
32 The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 Da VinciRaphaelAlso Socrates in brown robe in back left arguing w/ young men & Pythagoras in pinkish on top & white on bottom is drawing a lesson on a slate on front left & Ptolemy is holding a globeMichelangelo
33 Portrait of Pope Julius II by Raphael, 1511-1512 More concerned with politics than with theology.The “Warrior Pope.”Great patron of Renaissance artists, especially Raphael & Michelangelo.Died in 1513
34 Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.