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Published byAbner McDowell
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By 1900 only 2 African Nations remained independent... Ethiopia Liberia
Roots of Independence Movement Desire for freedom never abandoned Post WW1 &WW2 movements American Civil Rights Movement Nasser & Arab Nationalism
Struggle for Independence Traditional Colony Colonial Government Export Based Economy European Settled Colony Colonial Government Export Based Economy White Minority Rule Legalized Discrimination
Kwame Nkrumah Under his leadership, Ghana, becomes first African colony to achieve independence
Ghana Becomes Independent 1957 1st Colony to Achieve Independence Avoids Tribal Conflicts
OAU Nhrumah founded the OAU-- Organization of African Unity worked to promote African economic independence Nkrumah & WEB de Bois work on Pan-African Movement
Patrice Lumumba Became 1st independent leader of Congo considered a radical by west assassinated in military take over
Rebellion in Kenya British colony of Kenya heavily settled by White farmers Took land from Kikuyu and Masai people
Mau Mau Rebellion Mau Mau called themselves the Land & Freedom Party protested for Independence mass arrests
Jomo Kenyatta Kikuyu leader arrested for “terrorism” imprisoned for 8 years became President of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta Kenya becomes strongest democracy in Africa Kenyatta made Kenya an economic success
Jomo Kenyatta Kenyatta led fight for African stability and prosperity. He stays in power to long = corruption & abuse
Ending Apartheid in South Africa African National Congress Political Party began fight against Apartheid
Nelson Mandela Leader of ANC arrested and jailed for 28 years 120 ANC leaders were jailed
The Years of Struggle
Steve Biko Biko organized student protests against Apartheid banned person beaten to death by police
Bishop Desmond Tutu Anglican minister who led international protest against Apartheid South Africa sanctioned
Impact of Sanctions Worldwide Protest against Apartheid Ban on Trade & Banking Financial Crisis in South Africa
F.W. de Klerk & Nelson Mandela De Klerk, white prime minister negotiated with Mandela released him from Prison made agreement for free elections with all South African’s allowed to vote
South Africa Avoids Bloodbath
South African Independence 1994: first free elections Nelson Mandela became President of South Africa 1994 to present: South Africans work to create economic equality tribunal: trials for criminal acts under Apartheid
Wrapping It All Up. Although Kenya is a republic, individual states are more tightly controlled by the central government than states in the United.
Nationalist and Independence Movements after WWII Standard
Ind # 22 : South Africa Test tomorrow: 20 m/c questions only Collect classwork tomorrow: #19-23.
Unit 11 Review Post World War II Independence Movements in Africa & Asia.
Africa Review Colonial Times People to Know Terms to KnowWorld Wars & Independence Africa Since Independence Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100.
Emergent Nationalism in South Africa The Struggle for Majority Rule.
Unit 2— Africa’s Nationalist & Independence Movements!
African Independence Why did so many of these nations struggle to achieve stability?
Independence in Africa
Decolonization of Africa and India Global Regents Review Patten/Valdner.
Sub-Saharan Africa. In the 19 th century, Europe’s industrial nations became interested in Africa’s raw materials The European nations wanted to colonize.
African Nationalism Pan-African Movements Pan-Africanism Started in the 1920’s Wanted unity for all Africans Wanted unity of all people in the.
MELISSA NEUTZ, LINDSAY DREIS CHALLENGE OF DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA 35.2.
Unit 9 Review Post World War World. Gandhi practiced a form of nonviolent protest of injustice called Civil disobedience.
Unit 10 Review Post World War II Independence Movements in Africa & Asia.
Nationalism in Africa.
Decolonization in Africa
African Nations Gain Independence After WWII almost all African nations gained independence from European powers.
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