Presentation on theme: "The Millenium Development Goals 8 ways to improve our World"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Millenium Development Goals 8 ways to improve our World Valencia, 25 August 2009
2 The Millennium Development Goals of United Nations (MDGs): 8 goals to respond to the world's main development challenges by 2015.Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerGoal 2. Achieve universal primary educationGoal 3. Promote gender equality and empower womenGoal 4. Reduce child mortalityGoal 5. Improve maternal healthGoal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesGoal 7. Ensure environmental sustainabilityGoal 8. Develop a global partnership for developmentThe MDGs break down into 20 quantifiable targets measured by 60 indicators.
3 What are the MDGs?. A SINGLE PACKAGE that Integrates many important commitments made at international fora in the 90`sRecognize the linkage among growth, poverty reduction & sustainable developmentFounds development on democratic governance, the rules of the law, and human rights, peace and securityIs based on time-bound, measurable targets & indicators to observe progressBring together, in the eighth Goal, the responsibilities of developing countries with those of developed countries, founded on a global partnership
4 “The most ambitious project ever put into action in the history” The MDGs history2000: nations-and signed by 147 heads of state and governments adopted the Millennium Declaration during the UN Millennium Summit.2001: UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan presented Road Map Towards the Implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration; an integrated situation analysis outlining potential strategies to meet the goal2002: The Millennium Project , an independent advisory body, prepared a worldwide concrete action plan: “Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the MDG2005: 170 Heads of State adopted the plan and committed to adopt its ownnational strategy to achieve the MDG; based on Annan report “In Larger Freedom”2006: The works was focus on the implementation of the Project's proposals.
5 20 Quantified TargetsReduce by half the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a dayAchieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hungerEnsure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schoolingEliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015Reduce by two thirds the mortality of children under fiveReduce maternal mortality by three quartersAchieve universal access to reproductive health
6 20 Quantified Targets Halt and reverse HIV/AIDS. Achieve by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDSHalt and reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseasesIntegrate principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; Reverse the loss of environmental resourcesReduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a major reduction in the rate of lossHalve the share of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitationImprove the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial systemAddress special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing StatesDeal comprehensively with developing countries’ debtProvide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countriesMake available the benefits of new technologies, especially ICTs
7 GOAL 7: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Target 1: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resourcesImmediate action is needed to contain rising greenhouse gas emissionsSuccess in limiting ozone-depleting substances is also helping to mitigate climate changeTarget 2: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of lossMarine areas and land conservation need greater attentionDeforestation slows and more forests are designated for biodiversity conservationThe number of species threatened with extinction is rising rapidlyFish stocks require improved fisheries management to reduce depletion
8 GOAL 7: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Target 3: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitationAlmost half of the world’s population face a scarcity of waterMore people are using improved sanitation facilities, but meeting the target will require a redoubling of effortsIn developing regions, nearly one in four uses no form of sanitationThough access to improved drinking water has expanded, nearly one billion people do without Women shoulder the largest burden in collecting waterTarget 4: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least100 million slum dwellersSimple, low-cost interventions could improve the lives of many slum dwellers
9 Access to safe water / basic sanitation GOAL 7: Target 3:Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitationSome facts.2.8 billion (+ 40 %) of the world’s population, live with some form of water scarcity.> 1.2 billion of them live under conditions of physical water scarcity, when > 75 % the river flows are withdrawn.1.6 billion people live in areas of economic water scarcity, where human, institutional and financial capital limit access to water, even though water is available locallyLack of or underdeveloped water infrastructure, high vulnerability to short- and long-term drought, and difficult access to reliable water supplies, especially for rural people.Almost half of the world’s population face a scarcity of water
10 Access to safe water / basic sanitation Some facts.1.1 billon people in developing regions are using improved sanitation facilities since To reach the goal, another 1.6 billion persons in the next 7 years.2.5 billion people remain without improved sanitation (Asia 1 billion & sub-Saharan Africa, ½ billion)In 54 countries, less than ½ inhabitants used an improved sanitation facility. (3/4 in sub-Saharan Africa)Half of the world’s population live in rural areas. It represents 70% of the people without improved sanitation.In urban areas, improvements in sanitation have failed to keep pace with population growthMore people are using improved sanitation facilities, but meeting the target will require a redoubling of efforts
11 Access to safe water / basic sanitation In developing regions, nearly one in four uses no form of sanitationSome facts.25% of the developing world’s population live without any formof sanitation. 15 % use sanitation facilities that do not ensure hygienic separation of human waste from human contact.Open defecation expose an entire community, not just those who practice it, because of an increased risk of several diseasesOf the 1.2 billion people worldwide who practise open defecation, more than one billion live in rural areas.
12 Access to safe water / basic sanitation Some facts.1.6 billion people have gained access to safe water since 1990.To meet the drinking water target, 89 % of people in developing regions needs to improved sources of drinking water.1 billion people today lack safe sources of drinking water.In Eastern Asia, 400 million people have gained access and coverage has grown by 20 % since 1990.Less progress has taken place in sub-Saharan Africa, just 33% of those without improved drinking water supplies.Some 742 million rural people lived without access to improved drinking water, compared to 137 million urban residents.Women usually are responsible for collecting water, twice more than men, while children collect water in 11 % of the households. More girls than boys fetch waterThough access to improved drinking water has expanded, nearly one billion people do without Women shoulder the largest burden in collecting water
13 What is needed?The UN estimates that the cost of closing the gap between current trends and target trends for achieving the Goal 7 targets on water and sanitation, based on low-cost, sustainable technologies, is at least $10 billion/year.