Presentation on theme: "Novels/Short Stories. NOVEL A long fictional story, whose length is normally somewhere between one hundred and five hundred pages Uses the elements of."— Presentation transcript:
NOVEL A long fictional story, whose length is normally somewhere between one hundred and five hundred pages Uses the elements of storytelling: PLOT, CHARACTER, SETTING, THEME, and POINT OF VIEW
SHORT STORY A short fictional prose narrative that usually makes up about 10 to 20 book pages Follows the elements of plot- introduction/exposition, complications/rising action, climax, falling action, resolution 1 st written in the 19 th century More limited than novels-usually have only 1 or 2 major characters and one important setting
PLOT The series of related events that make up a story INTRODUCTION/ EXPOSITION: tells us who the characters are and, usually, what their conflict is COMPLICATIONS/RISING ACTION: arise as the characters take steps to resolve the conflict CLIMAX: the most exciting moment in the story, when the outcome is decided one way or another FALLING ACTION: final part of a story when the characters’ problems are solved RESOLUTION: the story is closed
CONFLICT A struggle or clash between opposing characters, or between opposing forces. INTERNAL CONFLICT: a struggle occurs within the character’s own mind – Man vs. self EXTERNAL CONFLICT: a character struggles against some outside force – Man vs. man – Man vs. nature – Man vs. society
POINT OF VIEW The vantage point from which a story is told OMNISCIENT: All knowing, the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems; past, present, and future 3 RD PERSON LIMITED: the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of just one character 1 ST PERSON: one of the characters is actually telling the story, using the personal pronoun “I”
CHARACTER A person, animal, or thing in a story, play, or other literary work. Static character: one who does NOT change very much throughout the story or piece of work Dynamic character: one who changes as a result of the story’s events.
CHARACTERIZATION The process of revealing the personality of a character. 6 ways to reveal characterization – By letting us HEAR THE CHARACTER SPEAK – By DESCRIBING how the character LOOKS AND DRESSES – By letting us LISTEN to the CHARACTER’S INNER THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS – By revealing what OTHER PEOPLE IN THE STORY THINK OR SAY about the character – By showing us WHAT THE CHARACTER DOES – By TELLING US DIRECTLY what the character’s personality is like (i.e. cruel, kind, sneaky, brave, and so on)
PROTAGONIST The main character in a work of literature ANTAGONIST: a character who is opposing the protagonist
ATMOSPHERE/MOOD The overall mood or emotion of a work of literature Ex: scary, dreamy, happy, sad Atmosphere is created through a writer’s use of words to create images, sounds, and descriptions that convey a particular feeling.
FORESHADOWING The use of clues or hints suggesting events that will occur later in the plot Used to build suspense or anxiety in the reader
SUSPENSE The uncertainty or anxiety we feel about what will happen next in a story
FLASHBACK Interruption in the present action of a plot to flash backward and tell what happened at an earlier time FLASH FORWARD: a break in the movement of a plot to an episode in the future
TONE The attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character Conveyed through the writer’s choice of words and detail EX: humorous, sad, serious
THEME A main idea of a work of literature NOT the same as a subject Theme must be expressed in a statement or sentence, not just one word