The historian wrote about many famous. womencolorfulplaces eventsagoideas didpretty
A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. There are two basic types of nouns: common nouns and proper nouns Common: names any person, place, thing, or idea Proper: names a specific person, place, thing, or idea
Proper nouns: The first word is always capitalized If there are multiple words, all words are capitalized Common nouns: Can be either concrete or abstract
Concrete nouns: name things that you can see or touch Document, crown, snow, museum, buffalo Abstract nouns: name ideas, qualities, or feelings that cannot be seen or touched Truth, courage, time, history, heritage
Get a Writer’s Choice Book from my cabinet (green books) Turn to page 382 Complete Ex. 1 #’s 1-10 Complete Ex. 2 #’s 1-10. You do not have to write out the sentence. We will go over answers when you have completed them.
Nouns can be either singular or plural Singular means one Child, dog, monkey, sheep, calf, mouse, daddy Plural means more than one Children, dogs, monkeys, sheep, calves, mice, daddies
For most nouns, add –s to the end to make it plural Dog -> dogsshovel -> shovels For nouns ending in s, ss, x, z, ch, sh, add –es to make the noun plural Box -> boxescouch -> couches For nouns ending in y with a consonant before the y, change the y to i and add –es Army -> armiesbaby -> babies For nouns ending in y with a vowel before the y, just add –s Monkey -> monkeysturkey -> turkeys
Some nouns are irregular. This means their spelling changes completely and you do not simply add –s or –es to make them plural. For most nouns that end in f or fe, f or fe becomes ves Elf -> elves loaf -> loaves thief -> thieves For most nouns that end in o, add s Kangaroo -> kangaroos piano -> pianos video -> videos
For certain nouns that end in a consonant and o, add es Hero -> heroes potato -> potatoes volcano -> volcanoes For some nouns, the spelling changes completely Child -> children mouse -> mice tooth -> teeth For some nouns, the singular and plural is the same Deer, fish, sheep, species
Singular Plural analysis analyses appendix appendices bison bison cactus cacti calf calves child children elf elves foot feet goose geese knife knives leaf leaves life lives loaf loaves man men mouse mice person people scissors scissors tooth teeth
Nouns made of two or more words Three types of Compound Nouns 1. One word: housekeeper, football, bookbag, 2. Hyphenated: runner-up, mother-in-law, great-grandmother 3. More than one word: ice cream, dining room, maid of honor
To make One Word Compound nouns plural, follow the rules previously mentioned Hyphenated Plural: Make the most important part of the compound noun plural More than One Word: Make the most important part of the compound noun plural.
Turn to page 384 Complete Exercise 3 #’s 1-20. We will go over when completed.
Names who or what owns or has something Examples: Rita has a book on history. Rita’s book is new. Read the books. Note the books’ major themes
Most singular nouns: Add an apostrophe (‘) and –s (‘s) a girl a girl’s name Singular nouns ending in –s: Add an apostrophe and –s (‘s) Lewis Lewis’s explorations Plural nouns ending in –s: Add an apostrophe animals animals’ habits Plural nouns not ending in –s: Add an apostrophe and –s women women’s history
Acquire your Writer’s Choice Book Turn to page 386 Complete Ex. 6 #’s 1-10. You do not have to write out the sentence. We will go over when completed.
Plural=more than one Possessive=shows ownership Contraction=two words with letters omitted and an apostrophe replaces the omitted letters. Example: George is an important figure in the community. George’s an important figure in the community.
Barbara Jordan described the Democratic (Parties, Party’s) first meeting. She was welcomed by listeners at the (Democrats, Democrats’) convention. There is something special about being the (conventions, convention’s) keynote speaker. A (conventions, convention’s) an important part of choosing a presidential candidate. (Styles, Style’s) an important aspect of public speaking.
The applause and cheers expressed the (Democrats, Democrats’) pride in the congresswoman from Texas. A better (Americas, America’s) everyone’s hope for the future, including Jordan’s. Jordan also talked about (womens, women’s) rights. The country’s (populations, population’s) impressed by speeches like Jordan’s. (Jordans, Jordan’s) remembered as a notable force in American politics.