2 What is a noun? Person – Mom, Dad, Christy, Ed, girl, boy Place – London, Louisville, home, schoolThing – bike, desk, car, homeworkIdea – freedom, courage, inspiration
3 Common Nouns Every day nouns that are not capitalized dog cat desk housechaircarbookhistory
4 Proper Nouns Names a specific person, place, or thing Mrs. SmithLondonAsiaAfricaPontiac Grand PrixDecemberThanksgivingCivil War
5 Concrete or Abstract Nouns Concrete – anything that appeals to the senses: person, place, thingAbstract – cannot be sensed, it is hard to understand (like abstract art): idea
6 Collective NounsA collective noun is a singular noun that refers to many things.HerdClassSenateCongressChoirSchoolTeam
7 SINGULAR NOUNS Singular nouns refer to ONE item. Singular nouns need singular verbs (singular verbs end with “s”.)Most singular nouns do not end in “S”.Some singular nouns do end in “S”, like scissors.
8 Example Singular Nouns The tree is tall.Subject – singular treeVerb – singular isThe fish swims in circles.Subject – singular fishVerb – singular swims
9 Plural Nouns Plural nouns refer to more than one item. Plural nouns need plural verbs (plural verbs do not end with “S”.)Most plural nouns end with “S.” Some plural nouns are irregular (women, men, children, mice)
10 Ways to Make Nouns Plural If it is a normal noun, just add “S”.If the noun ends in “S, X, Z, CH, or SH” add “ES”.If it ends with a consonant then “Y”, change the “Y” to “I” and add “ES”.desk = desksbench = benchescountry = countries
11 Ways to Make Nouns Plural If the noun ends with a vowel plus “Y”, just add “S”.If the noun ends with a vowel plus “O”, just add “S”.If the noun ends with a consonant and “O”, add “ES”.holiday – holidaysrodeo = rodeostomato = tomatoes
12 Ways to Make Nouns Plural Some nouns are irregular. They do not follow a rule.Some nouns are the same in the singular and plural.Numbers and letters add apostrophe “S”.woman = womenman = mendeer, moose,sheepA’s, 5’s
13 Example Plural Nouns The trees are tall. Subject – plural trees Verb – plural areThe fish swim in circles.Subject – plural fishVerb – plural swimThe children learn a lot at school.Subject – plural childrenVerb – plural learn
14 Possessive NounsPossessive nouns show ownership.
15 How to Make a Noun Possessive If it is a singular noun, add apostrophe and “S”.If it is a plural noun that does not end with “S”, add apostrophe and “S”.If it is a plural noun ending with “S”, just add apostrophe.Class = class’sChildren = children’sClasses = classes’
16 Compound Nouns Two or more words combined to make one word. They can be spelled as one word.They can be spelled as two separate words.They can be hyphenated words.PaintbrushDog houseMother-in-law
17 Plural Compound NounsTo make a compound noun plural, add the appropriate ending to the word you want to make plural.For example – you may have more than one brother-in-law so it will be brothers-in-law. The laws are not plural.
18 The Jobs of Nouns Subject Predicate Noun Direct Object Indirect Object Object of Preposition
19 SubjectThe main idea of the sentence.The main idea of the sentence.
20 Example SubjectMy favorite place to visit is London.Subject = place
21 Predicate Noun Noun or pronoun Renames or defines the subject After a linking verb
22 Example P.N.My favorite place to visit is London.P.N. = London
23 Direct Object Noun or pronoun Follows an action verb Answers the questions What? or Whom?YOU DO NOT HAVE TO HAVE AN I.O.
24 Example D.O.He played the piano nicely.D.O. = piano
25 Indirect Object Noun or pronoun Follows an action verb Comes before a direct objectAnswers the questions To Whom?, To What?, For Whom?, or For What?YOU MUST HAVE A D.O. to have an I.O.
26 Example I.O.She gave him an ice cream cone.D.O. = coneI.O. = him
27 Object of Preposition Noun or pronoun Follows a preposition Completes a prepositional phrase
28 Example O.P. She sat in the car for a long time. 1. Preposition = in 1. Prepositional phrase = in the car1. O.P. = car2. Preposition = for2. Prepositional phrase = for a long time2. O.P. = time
29 Review Jobs of Nouns Subject Predicate Noun Direct Object Indirect ObjectObject of Preposition
30 O.P. or AppositiveAn object of the preposition follows a preposition. Ex. We wrote about our teacher. Teacher is the object of the preposition “about.”An appositive is set off with commas and defines a noun in front of it. Ex. Ms. Berger, our teacher, is awesome. Teacher is the appositive that define Ms. Berger.