Name the civilization that goes with the rivers: A. Nile B. Tigris & Euphrates C. Chiang Jiang & Huang He D. Indus
A. Nile- Egypt B. Tigris & Euphrates- Mesopotamia C. Chiang Jiang & Huang He- Eastern China D. Indus- Indus Valley
Geography Much of the 10% of China that is suitable for farming lies in a plain between the Huang He and Chiang Jiang Rivers in Eastern China China was not completely protected by natural boundaries and was frequently invaded
Civilization Emerges in Shang Times Shang rose to power in northern China Created walled cities made of wood to protect from invaders Lasted from 1700- 1027 BC
Culture Family: Central to Chinese society Social Classes: society was sharply divided between nobles and peasants Religious beliefs: Believed the spirits of ancestors would bring good fortune or disaster to a family. Also worshiped a main sky god, Shangdi, and several lesser gods
Writing Very few links between the written language and spoken language Advantage: People in all parts of China could learn the written language even if their spoken language was very different Disadvantage: Enormous number of written symbols to be memorized.
Zhou Dynasty Zhou used Mandate of Heaven to justify their conquest of the Shang – allowed them to overthrow the declining dynasty Zhou established feudalism: political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king. – Instead of maintaining Zhou control, this led to independent lords.
Technology and War Technology – Roads and canals – Coined money – Blast furnaces produced cast iron that was used to create weapons and tools Warring States: – Zhou ruled from 1027-256 BC until nomads killed the royal family. Chaos replaced order as competing nobles attacked each other