Aim: How did geography affect the development of early Chinese Civilization? Do Now !!!: Complete handout “The Geography of China?”
Video Exercise You will watch the video clip “The Geography of China.” While watching the video clip you will: 1) write down the geographic features discussed in the film clip 2) evaluate what effect these features might have on the people of China
Class work In pairs, students will complete the “Han Lee’s Restaurant” exercise. Students will take turns reading each “dish” on the menu. Using the map provided, students will find where the ingredients for the dish would be found in China.
Aim: How did certain beliefs shape Chinese culture and traditions? Do Now: Please finish copying notes and important vocabulary on China’s Geography (next two slides)
Yellow River (Hwang He) Valley Civilization A) Location 1) Found on the continent of Asia 2) The civilization was established (started) near the Yellow River in the area known as China today. 3) Began around 2000 B.C.
Impact of Geography A) The Yellow River 1) drinking water 2) fishing 3) transportation 4) irrigation for crops 5) the river empties into the Indian Ocean, allowing Chinese traders access to goods with other early civilizations
Natural Boundaries A) Gobi Desert B) Mountains to the West ******provided a natural “fence” to protect people from invaders
Homework Complete graphic organizer for the impact of geography
Student Activity Answer Questions on River Dynasties in China Vocabulary: Loess- Fertile Soil Oracle bone- Animal bone used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods Mandate of Heaven- Divine approval of the ruler Dynastic Cycle- Pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of Dynasties Feudalism-Political systen in which noble or lords are granted use of lands that belong to the king
Aim: How did the Mandate of heaven influence Chinese society? Do Now: Arrange the following items on the timeline by placing the number of the item in the blank space provided. Vocabulary: Loess- Fertile Soil Oracle bone- Animal bone used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods Mandate of Heaven- Divine approval of the ruler Dynastic Cycle- Pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of Dynasties Feudalism-Political system in which noble or lords are granted use of lands that belong to the king
Student Debrief Please take complete your class notes on China.
Political Ruled by dynasties As Mesopotamia, Egypt and Indus were declining, Shang Dynasty in China was rising to power Zhou Dynasty –Mandate of Heaven: Justification through right of God –Dynastic Cycle: Pattern of the rise and fall of dynasties –Feudalism: nobles have permission from Kings to own and work king’s land
Economic Because of China’s isolation by natural barriers, early settlers had to supply their own goods within China Not much trade outside of China
Religious Family and Religion are closely linked –Prayed to ancestors because they thought their ancestors could bring them luck or disaster –Consulted the gods through ancestors Shang Di – Supreme God
Social Society was sharply divided between nobles and peasants Family was central to society Had arranged marriages Group was more important than the individual
Intellectual Shang Dynasty was the first to leave written records Oracle Bones: animal bone or tortoise shells where priests scratched questions for gods then applied heat until it cracked. Then they priests interpreted the cracks