Presentation on theme: "Systems and Types of Government. What is a system of government? A system of government is how power is divided between national and state government."— Presentation transcript:
What is a system of government? A system of government is how power is divided between national and state government
Systems of Government Confederate System – a loose union of independent states Advantage – protects state’s rights Disadvantage – weak central government Why is this a problem?
Systems of Government Federal System – divides the power of government between states and central government Advantage – balance of power between central & state government Disadvantage – slows the progression of legislation Why is this a problem?
Systems of Government Unitary system – gives all major powers to the central government The central government has the power to overrule state and local governments and give them limited sovereignty. Sovereignty means – legal authority in an area Advantage – strong central government, legislation can be passed quickly Disadvantage – states have limited, to no power What is the problem What system does the United States have?
Types of Government Limited Government (restricted) – any type of government in which rule is by the people Democracy – is any system of government in which rule is by the people. Direct Democracy – people govern themselves by voting directly on individual issues. Advantage: Citizen’s opinions are directly heard. Disadvantage: too difficult to work on a large scale
Types of Government Representative Democracy – the people elect individuals who then represent them by voting on laws Advantage: Ensures that the opinions of individual citizens are represented. Disadvantage: There is no guarantee that the representative’s votes will reflect the wishes of their voters. Parliamentary Democracy – executive and legislative functions both reside in the elected assembly, or parliament. Members are elected to Parliament, then the members of Parliament elect a member to the executive branch.
Types of Government Unlimited government (powerful): any type of government in which the power and authority to rule are in the hands of a supreme ruler. Also known as an Authoritarian Government Dictator – one person in total power Monarchy – ruler born into power (king or queen) Absolute Monarchy – ruler has complete and total control Constitutional Monarchy – share power with elected legislature (THIS IS A LIMITED GOVERNMENT) Oligarchy – small group of rulers that share power