2 Verb Phrase ReviewThe two parts of a verb phrase are the helping/auxiliary verb AND the main/action verb.Helping verbs = am is are was were be being been can could will would shall should may might must have has had do did doesExample = have written
3 Review = subjects and predicates Finding simple subject and simple predicateFinding complete subject and complete predicateFinding compound subject, compound verbs, and compound predicate
4 Kinds of SentencesDeclarative = makes a statement, declares a fact, and ends in a period.Interrogative = asks a question and ends in a question mark.Imperative = gives a command and usually ends with a period. If the command is strong, it may end in a exclamation mark.Exclamatory = expresses strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.
5 Subject ComplementsComplements = words that complete the meaning or action of verbs.Subject complement = words that follow a linking verb and identify or describe the subjectLinking verbs = am is are was were appear become feel look remain sound taste grow
6 Subject ComplementsPredicate Adjectives = subject complements that describe or modify the subjectThe snow was heavy.Predicate Nominatives = subject complements that are nouns or pronouns. They identify, rename, or define the subject.The trip became a nightmare.
7 Objects of Verbs CROSS OUT THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES. Find the subject by asking whom or what the sentence is about.Find the verb or verb phrase by asking what the subject did.Find the Direct Object by asking what a third time.Find the Indirect Object by asking to whom, for whom, or to what.
8 Examples Residents near this airport dislike the noise. The plumber’s assistant handed him a wrench.Robots are replacing people in some factories.Mrs. White has been teaching students French for ten years.
9 Objective Complements Objective Complements = a noun or adjective that follows the direct object and identifies or describes it.Only a few verbs and their synonyms can be followed by objective complements: appoint, call, choose, consider, elect, find, keep, make, name, and thinkSome historians consider Polo’s tales unreliable.