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Presentation on theme: "Writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing

2 Standard 1.0 Writing Strategies:Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The writing exhibits students' awareness of the audience and purpose. Essays contain formal introductions, supporting evidence, and conclusions. Students progress through the stages of the writing process as needed.

3 Terms for Review Prewriting/Brainstorming: The process of getting your facts down on paper before you organize your essay into paragraphs. Examples of prewriting or brainstorming include bubble clusters, spider diagrams, outlines, etc.

4 A piece of writing that gives your thoughts about a subject.
Essay: A piece of writing that gives your thoughts about a subject. Introduction/Introductory paragraph: The first paragraph in an essay. Body: The middle paragraphs in an essay. It develops a point you want to make that support your main idea.

5 Conclusion: The last paragraph in your essay. It may sum up your ideas, reflect on what you said in your essay, or give a personal statement about the subject. It gives a finished feeling to your whole essay.

6 New Terms Concrete Detail Commentary Topic Sentence Chunk Shaping

7 What is a fact? A fact is a detail about something that can be shown to be true, exist, or have happened. A fact is also known as a CONCRETE DETAIL (CD)

8 Examples of Fact or Concrete Detail (CD):
San Bernardino does not have a professional football team. It is 73 degrees in the classroom. Eric came to school today. The Angels play home games in Anaheim. Christmas is on December 25.

9 Concrete Details (CD) Concrete Detail (CD): Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs. Synonyms: :facts, specifics, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotations, paraphrasing, or plot references.

10 Insight/reflection A feeling, thought, or belief about something; it is neither true nor false. ****An insight or reflection statement is also known as COMMENTARY (CM).

11 Examples of Insight or Commentary (CM):
It is harmful for kids to be exposed to violence on television and in movies. The California High School Exit Exam is unfair to students. The best team in the NFL is the San Francisco 49ers.

12 Commentary(CM) Your reflection or comment about something.
Synonyms: opinion, insight, analysis, interpretation, personal response, feelings, evaluation.

13 Topic sentence Topic Sentence:
The first sentence in a body paragraph This must have a subject and opinion (commentary) for the paragraph. Example: Americans have come to rely on cell phones as an essential part of their lives.

14 Chunk Chunk: One sentence of concrete detail (CD) and 2 sentences of commentary (CM). The first chunk comes after the topic sentence. Concrete Detail (CD): Commentary (CM): (about the CD) Chunk

15 Shaping Shaping: The step that is done after the prewriting and before the first draft of an essay or a paragraph; it is an outline of your topic sentence, concrete details, and commentary.

16 Shaping the Body Paragraph
(1) Topic Sentence: (2) Concrete Detail (CD): (3) Commentary (CM): (4) Commentary (CM): (5) Conclusion: C H U N K

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