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Persuasive Writing Assignment The Hunger Games and Night.

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Presentation on theme: "Persuasive Writing Assignment The Hunger Games and Night."— Presentation transcript:

1 Persuasive Writing Assignment The Hunger Games and Night

2 What is Persuasive Writing?  Persuasive Writing expresses an opinion and attempts to convince the reader that this opinion is correct.  We use persuasive writing in these types of writing: Essays Speeches Editorials Book Reviews

3 Persuasive Writing Includes…  A clear and direct opinion statement  Specific Facts  Examples or statistics to back up the opinion  Disprove opposing opinions

4 Schaffer Method Terms to Know  Essay  Pre-writing  Shaping the essay  First draft  Final draft  Introduction  Body paragraph  Conclusion  Thesis statement  Topic Sentence (TS)  Concrete Detail (CD)  Commentary (CM)  Closing Statement (CS)  Chunk

5 Essay  An essay is a piece of writing written from an author’s point of view.  There are many different types of essays including the following: -Literary Analysis -Persuasive -Research -Reflective

6 Pre-writing  Getting detail down on paper, before writing.  Examples:  Word webs, charts, or free writing

7 Shaping the Essay  Shaping the essay is outling the paper, and including the following items: Concrete Details (CD), Commentary (CM), and your thesis statement.

8 Example of a Shaping Sheet

9 First Draft  After you have prepared your ideas and written a plan/outline, you are ready to start writing your first draft.  Note the word "first".  A mistake we often make is thinking that once we have written a draft, the essay is done. Not so; the first draft is only one part of the whole writing process that leads to a finished, presentable, and hopefully excellent essay.

10 Final Draft  Final typed version of your essay  This is when your essay has been shined and polished, and it is ready to be presented.

11 Introduction  1 st paragraph of your paper. This paragraph will include your thesis statement and attention grabber or hook.  Also, an introductory paragraph will state the main ideas of your paper.

12 Body Paragraph or BP  Middle Paragraph in an essay and develops or covers your point.  In your body paragraphs, you will include a topic sentence and closing statement or transition sentence.

13 Conclusion  Conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in your paper.  Do NOT use Concrete Details in this paragraph.  This paragraph will sum up or resolve the main ideas discussed in the paper. In this paragraph, you will re-state your thesis statement.

14 Thesis Statement  A sentence with a subject and an opinion.  This statement is the last sentence in your introductory paragraph.  This statement will outline your paper and inform your reader the main ideas of your paper.

15 Topic Sentence  1 st sentence in a body paragraph that has an opinion and subject.  This sentence will inform the reader what the paragraph will be about.

16 Concrete Detail  Concrete Details or CD are facts, examples, or proof within your body paragraphs that help support your main idea.

17 Commentary  Commentary or CM is your opinion or reflection over the main idea.  After you include a CD into your paper, you will follow it with at least two commentaries.

18 Chunk  A chunk is one Concrete Detail or CD and two Commentaries or CMs  1CD+2CM=Chunk

19 Types of Persuasion  Ethos  Pathos  Logos  Kairos

20 Ethos  Ethos refers to the trustworthiness or credibility of the writer or speaker.  Ethos is often conveyed through tone and style of the message and through the way the writer or speaker refers to differing views.  It can also be affected by the writer's reputation as it exists independently from the message--his or her expertise in the field, his or her previous record or integrity, and so forth.  The impact of ethos is often called the argument's 'ethical appeal' or the 'appeal from credibility.'

21 Pathos  Pathos is often associated with emotional appeal. But a better equivalent might be 'appeal to the audience's sympathies and imagination.‘  An appeal to pathos causes an audience not just to respond emotionally but to identify with the writer's point of view--to feel what the writer feels.

22 Logos  Logos refers to the internal consistency of the message--the clarity of the claim, the logic of its reasons, and the effectiveness of its supporting evidence.  The impact of logos on an audience is sometimes called the argument's logical appeal.  In this type of argument, the main tools you would use would be facts and statistics to back up your opinion.

23 Works Cited  ml ml   method-flash-cards/ method-flash-cards/

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