Presentation on theme: "THE STIRRINGS OF REBELLION Chapter 4: Section 1. Do Now: Respect Talk Obj: Colonists objections to British taxes Tensions Rise in MA Battle of Lexington."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now: Respect Talk Obj: Colonists objections to British taxes Tensions Rise in MA Battle of Lexington and Concord HW: Active Read 4.2
The Stamp Act: Passed by George Grenville in 1765 Required colonists to purchase special “stamped” paper for legal documents, license, newspaper, and pamphlet Colonists outraged, disobey would end with colonist arrest COLONIES ORGANIZE TO RESIST Stamp Act Protests: Sons of Liberty violently protested Stamp Act Attack stamp agents and royal governors alike Merchants in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia boycott British manufactured goods…. 1766 British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act….!!!
“TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION” The Townshend Acts: Indirect tax levied on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea Samuel Adams of Boston calls for another boycott of British goods Colonial women give up British luxuries and exchange tea recipes from birch bark 1768 British seize John Hancock’s ship the Liberty under suspicion of smuggling goods The colonists riot, and as a result the British station 2,000 “redcoats” in Boston…
TENSION MOUNTS IN MA “The Boston Massacre”: March 5, 1770 Angered over lack of jobs a mob gathers in front of a Customs House in Boston The angry mob hurls ice balls and wooden clubs at the British soldiers Shots are fired and five are killed Bostonians call it the Boston Massacre to stir up rebellious spirit
THE BOSTON TEA PARTY Tea boycotts are running British Tea companies out of business Britain tries to sell tea directly to consumers cheaper than Boston merchants can (Tea Act) Hopes colonist will buy cheaper tea and save their company Colonists protest instead…..
Dec. 16, 1773 Colonists dressed like Native Americans break into British ships carrying tea in Boston Harbor. Dump nearly 18,000 lbs of British Tea into the harbor Incident becomes known as “The Boston Tea Party” THE BOSTON TEA PARTY
THE INTOLERABLE ACTS & FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Furious over the Boston Tea Party King George III passed the a series of laws the colonists called the Intolerable Acts: Shut down Boston Harbor Quartering Act- British soldiers could be housed in Boston homes and buildings Placed Massachusetts under martial law- military control First Continental Congress: 1774 56 delegates from the colonies met in Philadelphia to discuss the rights of the colonies They supported the MA protests and told Britain they would fight if pushed to it
LEXINGTON AND CONCORD After the First Continental Congress civilians or Minutemen began to arm themselves Stockpiling large amounts of guns and ammunition in Concord MA, outside of Boston British generals learn of this and plan to march to Concord and destroy an armory in its path….
“THE REGULARS ARE COMING!” As British troops left Boston for Concord series of riders left to spread the word: Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott warned the Minutemen that British regulars were coming and to be prepared They also warned John Hancock and Sam Adams that British were coming to capture them…
“SHOT HEARD ROUND THE WORLD” Minutemen gathered at Lexington Common (on way to Concord) to resist the British 70 Minutemen stood ground against British Army of 700 When told to disperse the Minutemen remained A shot was fired from somewhere and the British open up on the militia killing 8 men…