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The Stirrings of Rebellion

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1 The Stirrings of Rebellion
Chapter 4- Section 1

2 True or False The original 13 colonies were all very similar to each other.

3 False New England: small farms, lumbering, fishing, ship building
Middle: farming Southern: plantations, cash crops such as tobacco, rice and indigo, majority of slaves and indentured servants

4 True or False The original 13 colonies were British colonies.

5 True Great Britain ruled the colonies for more than 150 years ( ) In the 1600s Britain, France, and Spain are fighting to gain territories around the world. In 1754, the French and Indian War was a 10 year battle over the Ohio Valley which left Britain with huge debt.

6 True or False The 13 colonies were economically dependent on Britain.

7 False By the 1770s, most colonies were self-sufficient.
Most colonists had more rights than their European counterparts. Colonists wanted to maintain these rights. Colonists were still dependent on the British for military protection.

8 True or False After the French and Indian War, Britain agrees to pay for the debt of the war and allow the colonies to continue in their “independence.”

9 False After the French and Indian War, King George III started to take away freedoms that the colonists had taken for granted. Proclamation of 1763 Quartering Act The Stamp Act The Boston Massacre The Boston Tea Party The Intolerable Acts Townshend Acts

10 True or False All the colonists agree to declare independence.

11 False Loyalists Who were they? Patriots Who were they?
Remain loyal to Britain Who were they? Rich land owners, governors, religious leaders Patriots Want independence Who were they? Merchants Farmers Craftsmen Tradesmen

12 Copy Chart Aftermath of the War The Stamp Act The Townshend Acts
The Boston Massacre The Boston Tea Party The Intolerable Acts

13 Aftermath of the War Proclamation of 1763
Banned settlement west of Appalachians. “British stationed 10,000 troops in colonies to maintain order Many colonists saw this as a “standing army” Sugar Act Halved duty on foreign made molasses Placed duties on certain imports Strengthened enforcement of law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiral court instead of colonial court


15 The Stamp Act March 1765: The Stamp Act
Required colonists to purchase special stamped paper for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, etc. Impacted every colonist Resistance led by Sons of Liberty and Sam Adams No stamps were sold Colonies passed laws saying colonists could only be taxed by that colony Stamp Act Congress Repealed in March 1766, but passed the Declaratory Act. “to bind the colonies and people of America… in all cases.”

16 The Townshend Acts 1767: Townshend Acts passed by Parliament
Taxes placed on imported materials from Britain such as glass, paint, and paper. Imposed a three penny tax on tea. Colonists again resisted. “Taxation without representation” John Hancock accused of smuggling 2,000 “redcoats” stationed in Boston

17 The Boston Massacre British “presence” in Boston angered colonists
March 1770: Mob gathered near Customs House and taunted guards. Crispus Attucks and four others were killed. Labeled the “Boston Massacre” by Sam Adams.



20 Boston Tea Party British East India Company held monopoly on tea imports, but weren’t profiting b/c of boycotts. Tea Act: Granted company the right to sell tea to colonies free of taxes that tea sellers had to pay. December 16, 1773 Colonists, disguised as Native Americans, dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor

21 The Intolerable Acts King George III was infuriated by the colonists actions. 1774: Intolerable Acts Shut down Boston Harbor Quartering Act Appointed Chief of British Forces as new governor of MA and he placed Boston under martial law Colonists reaction First Continental Congress (Sept. 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia)

22 What do you think? How would you respond to these laws passed by a distant government?

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