Stamp Act required colonists to purchase special stamped paper for: legal documents, license, newspaper, pamphlets, almanac, dice, playing cards Every colonists, rich & poor, was affected by tax Colonists lost respect for British office holders in colonies
All colonies were against Stamp Act The Sons of Liberty, organized & founded by Samuel Adams. members demonstrated & protested throughout colonies, harassed tax collectors Declaration of Rights & Grievances was created by representatives from 9 colonies. Parliament could not tax colonists because they were not represented in Parliament. Colonists boycotted British goods and Britain repealed Stamp Act. Britain passed: Declaratory Act asserting Parliament’s right to create/impose laws on colonies
indirect tax levied on imports- glass, lead, paint, paper, & tea colonists were enraged Sons of Liberty imposed boycotts of all imported British goods Britain stationed 4,000 troops in Boston: this show of force led the colonists one step closer to revolution
the presence of British troops in Boston led to bloody clashes with colonists. This pushed the colonists and Britain closer to war
March 5, 1770: mob of colonists gathered outside the Custom Building and began to taunt a British sentry & soldiers Mob became unruly and British soldiers fired into crows of colonists killing 5. To ease tensions Parliament repealed Townshend Act Committee of Correspondence was created to establish communication among the colonies.
British East India Tea Company held an official monopoly on tea imports to colonies Tea Act: act was implemented by Parliament so the British East India Tea Company had the right to sell their tea free of taxes. Colonial tea sellers had to pay the tax. Tea Act : cut out colonial merchants directly out of the tea trade: British tea was now less expensive then colonial tea Colonists protested violently December 1773: large group of Boston rebels disguised themselves as Mohawks and proceeded to go aboard 3 British ships carrying East India Tea. Colonist destroyed 15,000 lbs of tea.
King George III, infuriated by the acts of the colonists, has Parliament pass the ‘ Coercive Acts’ -Boston Harbor was shut down until colonist paid for destroyed tea -British officers could house troops in colonial homes & buildings -Boston was now under ‘martial law’ the ‘Intolerable Acts’ unified the colonies; the Committee of Correspondence acted and helped establish the First Continental Congress in Sept. 1774 56 delegates met in Philadelphia & created the declaration of colonial rights Would reconvene in May 1775
after the First Continental Congress, minuteman/colonists stockpiled weapons, powder, ammo. - Spring 1775: General Gage ordered troops to march to Concord to seize all weapons. -Paul Revere and others ride through Massachusetts to spread the word that the British were coming. -British reach Lexington and met 70 minutemen. A shot was fired and both sides began to shoot. Within 15 minutes 8 minutemen killed/9 injured -British reach Concord but arsenal was empty. - British troops lined up and marched back to Boston. As they marched 3-4,000 minutemen assembled & surrounded the British -The Revolution Had Begun