Stop 1: The Arrival New arrivals were taken by ferry to the main building at Ellis Island. The first immigrant to arrive was a 15-year-old girl from Ireland named Annie Moore to join her parents in New York City.
Did You Know? Over 12 million immigrants were admitted to the U.S. through Ellis Island
Stop 2: The Baggage Room The Baggage Room is where immigrants entered the main building. Immigrants with heavy luggage left it here until they were finished.
Did You Know? Over 40% of all Americans can trace their roots back to Ellis Island
Stop Three: Stairs to the Great Hall As the immigrants climbed the stairs to the Great Hall, doctors stood at the top and watched. They were looking for anyone having difficulty coming up the steps. examination. The "six second medical exam.“
Stop Three: Stairs to the Great Hall If a medical problem or disability was suspected, 1 of 17 different chalk marks was put on the person's clothing. They were then sent for a full physical
Did You Know? Children were a common sight at Ellis Island. During its 62 years in operation, 355 babies were actually born on the island!
Stop Four: Medical Exam Medical exams were used to find people with contagious diseases If their problem was curable, immigrants were sent to the island's hospital. If it was not, the steamship company that brought them would have to pay to send them back
Stop Five: The Great Hall Immigrants waited here for their interviews with legal inspectors after finishing their medical exams. Process took 3-5 hours Some families stayed for days on Ellis Island, others for weeks, and still others for months.
Did You Know? The dining hall for detainees could seat up to 1,200. The menu featured beef stew or baked beans, and extra crackers and milk were provided at each meal for women and children.
Stop Six: Legal Inspection Immigrants had to prove they could legally come into America. They had to prove their country of origin and where they expected to live and work once they entered the country.
Stop Six: Legal Inspection Inspectors rejected any immigrant with a criminal record or those suspected of being indentured servants. By 1921, immigrants had to pass a literacy test and show a passport and visa
Stop Seven: Money Exchange Immigrants could exchange the money of their homeland for dollars, and purchase any train tickets they needed. Laws passed in 1909 required each immigrant to have at least 25 dollars before they were allowed to enter America.
Stop Eight: The Journey’s End 2/3 of the new Americans then boarded a ferry to New Jersey, where the next leg of their American journey would begin. 1/3 took the ferryboat to Manhattan to begin their new life in New York City, only one mile away. Staff members referred to this spot as the kissing post because of all the emotional reunions that were witnessed there.
Asian Immigration 1851-1883 Chinese arrived to work on railroads Japanese arrive when US annexes Hawaii Arrive on West Coast through Angel Island
Life in the New Land Adjust to language and culture Many immigrants settle in isolated communities Immigrant organizations formed to help each other
Immigration Restrictions Nativism: – Formation of Anti-Immigrant groups –“Quotas” put into effect Prejudice –Segregation in San Francisco –Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907-1908
Immigration Restrictions Chinese Exclusion Act - 1882 –Backlash against Chinese laborers –Act banned most immigrants from China