Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9.3. Explain why many Americans distrusted the idea of political parties. Contrast the views of Hamilton and Jefferson. Explain why political."— Presentation transcript:
Explain why many Americans distrusted the idea of political parties. Contrast the views of Hamilton and Jefferson. Explain why political parties developed. Describe how the election of 1796 increased political tensions.
Americans distrusted factions because of in Britain they won government favors or were bribed for gain Ignored Washington’s warning of factions Factions grew around Hamilton and Jefferson
Hamilton: Supported manufacturing Wants strong central government Believed wealth and educated should lead government Loose interpretation of Constitution Favored National Bank Favored protective tariff Pro-British Jefferson: Supported farming People should have power Favored state government Favored strict interpretation of Constitution Pro-French Opposed Nation Bank Opposed protective tariff
Small farmers, artisans and some wealthy plantation owner support Jefferson’s Democratic Republicans. Merchants and manufactures from New York and Boston support Federalists. Federalists want strong central government Newspapers take sides: Great influence on Americans because people opinion influenced by language in editorials. Emotional attacks created party rivalry.
Political Parties played major role in election of Washington’s successor Demo-Republicans supported Jefferson, with Aaron Burr for Vice President Federalists support John Adams and Thomas Pinckney for VP Electoral Votes decide, but based on highest totals for each person. Adams is President and Jefferson next highest vote, so he is VP. Leas to tensions/distrust.