Presentation on theme: "Political Parties What drives most people’s view of Government?"— Presentation transcript:
Political Parties What drives most people’s view of Government?
Political Parties Washington had warned against political parties, common Americans had avoided it like a king, not in Constitution Differing philosophies of Government, Conflicting interpretations of Constitution, Differing economic and regional interests, foreign affairs Federalists- 1 st supported ratification, supported Washington administration, strong federal gov’t, admired England and distrusted France, favored banking and shipping interests, strong in New Eng. And the South, led by Alexander Hamilton Democratic Republicans started when Freneau published National Gazette w/ help from Thomas Jefferson, wanted to limit Government power, feared endangered liberties, supported French, condemned pro-British policy, small farmers and city workers supported
View of Constitution and Rule Basis of Governments power is a big difference between Federalists and Democratic Republicans Hamilton and Federalist believed in implied powers not forbidden from Constitution, justified idea of National Bank Jefferson and Madison believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution, accepted implied power in limited stance, only absolutely necessary Divided over role people should play in gov’t: Federalists believed the Representatives were elected and should make the decisions, educated men of property would protect everyone’s rights, ordinary people swayed by crowds Dem. Rep. feared a strong Central gov’t controlled by a few, believed ordinary people needed to be involved in gov’t Jefferson so upset with Washington and Hamilton he resigned as Sec. of State, Hamilton then resigned
Election of 1796 1 st election w/ political parties, held caucuses, members of Congress and political parties chose candidates Federalists chose John Adams, Washington’s VP and Charles Pinckney De,-Rep. chose Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr Adams and Jefferson became rivals from being friends, Adams 71 electoral votes carrying New Eng., Jefferson 68 electoral votes carrying the South Constitution said Highest and runner up were President and VP, therefore a Federalist Pres. And Dem-Rep. VP