4 Shay’s Rebellion Started in 1786 Hard taxes to pay off the States war debt made Massachusetts farmers rebel.Led by Daniel ShayCreated panicThis made many people feel that a strong government was needed to control such violent acts.
5 Think/Pair/ShareCould our new federal government stop rebellions under the Articles of Confederation? Why or Why not?
6 Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation The national government could not force the states to obey its laws.It did not have the power to tax.It did not have the power to enforce laws.Congress lacked strong and steady leadershipThere was no national army or navyThere was no system of national courtsEach state could issue its own paper moneyEach state could put tariffs on trade between states.
7 The Constitutional Convention Where?53 delegates met in absolute secrecy in Philadelphia in Independence hall30 delegates attended every dayWhen?Summer of 1787The Purpose?The goal was to revise the Articles of ConfederationIt was quickly decided to replace it
8 Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan Small StatesLarge States
11 Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan Supported by big statesBicameral (2 houses)1-elected by people, 2-elected by first house# of congress determined by populationNew JerseySupported by small statesUnicameral (1 house)Based on equalityEach state same # of RepresentativesThe Great CompromiseBicameral (2 house)House of Representatives determined by populationSenate (each state has 2)
12 3/5 Compromise South wanted slaves to count in population Decided to count 3/5 total number of slaves as population5 blacks=3 whites for the state population (but slaves still couldn’t vote)
13 Think/Pair/ShareWith a neighbor compare and contrast the Virginia Plan vs. the New Jersey Plan.
14 Think/Pair/ShareOut of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan what was created that combined a bit of both? Discuss what it entailed.